Chinese Americans in Boston Article

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The Boston metropolitan area has an active Chinese American community. As of 2013, the Boston Chinatown was the third largest Chinatown in the United States, and there are also Chinese populations in the suburbs of Greater Boston, including Quincy, Malden, [1] Acton, Newton, and Lexington. As of 2006, Boston, Quincy, Malden, Newton, Brookline, and Cambridge house about half of all of the ethnic Chinese in Massachusetts, and as a whole, Chinese constituted the largest Asian ethnic group in the state. [2]

History

In the beginning of the 20th century, most Chinese moving to New England were single men, while some were single women. [3] Historically most Chinese moving to Massachusetts specifically went to the Boston Chinatown and prior to the 1960s the state overall had little Chinese immigration. Immigration from China into the Boston area increased after the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was passed. [4]

From 2000 to 2010, the Chinese population of Massachusetts increased by 46%. [4] By 2004 Malden received an influx of second and third generation Chinese moving from Boston and elsewhere. [5] As of 2010 there were almost 123,000 Chinese Americans in all of Massachusetts. By 2011 many Chinese Americans settled in the Boston suburbs, either moving there from Boston or immigrating directly from China to the Boston suburbs. [4]

By 2013, the Boston Chinatown was facing redevelopment and gentrification. [1]

Demographics

As of 2003, about 66% of the Asians in Quincy were ethnic Chinese, [6] giving the city one of the largest Chinese populations in the state. [7] From 2000 to 2010 Quincy's Chinese population increased by almost 60%. [4] Most of the Asian immigrants coming to Quincy in the 1980s originated from Hong Kong and Taiwan, but by 2003 the majority place of origin was Fujian Province in Mainland China. [8] As of 2000 65% of the Chinese in Quincy were homeowners. [6] Historically Quincy residents traveled to shops in the Boston Chinatown but by 2003 Asian shopping centers became established in Quincy. [9] By 2003 New York City-based Kam Man Food was establishing a supermarket in Quincy. [10] Hainan Airlines began non-stop service between Beijing and Logan International Airport in Boston in 2014, followed by non-stop service between Shanghai and Boston in 2015. Cathay Pacific Airways began non-stop service between Hong Kong and Boston in 2015. These non-stop flight services between China and Boston were credited for the ascent of Chinese becoming the top nationality visiting Boston from outside North America, with nearly one in four Chinese visitors coming to Boston for education. [11]

Acton had 2,041 Chinese Americans in 2010, a 151% increase from 2000 and the ninth largest Chinese population in Massachusetts. [3]

In 2000, Malden had 4,504 ethnic Chinese people, making up 57% of the city's Asian population. [5] From 2000 to 2010 the Chinese population of Malden increased by about 50%. [4] Malden Center is situated on the MBTA Orange Line which connects with Boston's Chinatown.

Institutions

The Chinese Progressive Association is located in Boston.

The Boston Chinatown Neighborhood Center, Inc. (BCNC; 波士頓華埠社區中心) serves Chinese Americans in the region. Its principal site is in the Boston Chinatown, and in 2011 BCNC executive director Elaine Ng stated that the center would begin to offer services in Quincy. The number of persons using BCNC services residing in Quincy increased by almost 300% in a period beginning in 2004 and ending in 2005. [4]

Education

Founded in 1916, the Kwong Kow Chinese School is the oldest Chinese-language school in Massachusetts. It offers classes for not only members of the local Chinese American community, but immigrant children the Philippines, Cambodia, and Vietnam. In 2007, it moved into its permanent home at the Chinese Community Education Center, after many years of moving around Chinatown. [12] [13] As of 2003 1,000 students took classes at the school.

Peter Jae established the Quincy Chinese Language School, which offers supplementary education for Chinese children, in 1988. As of 2003 it holds Cantonese language classes for 150 students at the Sacred Heart School in North Quincy on Saturday mornings. The school at one time had 400 students but the school reduced itself in size when a lack of qualified teachers occurred. [7]

The Chung Yee School is another Chinese school in Quincy. As of 2008 the headmaster is Harry Kwan, who originated from Hong Kong. That year the school had 100 students and charged $100 ($113.66 adjusted for inflation) per child per month for Chinese language and culture after school classes. It was first established around 1996. The school was briefly closed by the Quincy Police Department in November 28, 2008 due to a lack of Massachusetts state and local government permits. After the state and municipal authorities cleared the school of allegations of child abuse, it was scheduled to reopen that year. [14]

In 2003, over 400 students attended classes at the Lexington Chinese School (LCS; 勒星頓中文學校), held on Sundays. [7] The school holds its classes at Belmont High School in Belmont. [15]

Recreation

The Lunar New Year is celebrated in Quincy, amongst other places [16]

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Breger, Samara and Bruce Gellerman. " In Boston's Chinatown, Longtime Residents Face An Uncertain Future" ( Archive). WBUR. November 27, 2013. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  2. ^ Lo, Shauna, p. 1 (PDF 2/9).
  3. ^ a b Burge, Kathleen. " One community’s Asian connection" ( Archive). The Boston Globe. March 31, 2013. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Fox, Jeremy C. " Chinese population expanding in Boston suburbs" ( Archive). Boston Globe. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Buote, Brenda J, " Asian population up in small cities" ( Archive). Boston Globe. June 13, 2004. Retrieved on September 10, 2015.
  6. ^ a b Eschbacher, Karen. " Immigrants from India a growing community in Quincy" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. July 2, 2003 (from the summary page( Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c Hsiao, Teresa. " WEEKEND TRAINING" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. July 2, 2003 (from the summary page( Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  8. ^ Eschbacher, Karen. " Quincy’s Asian-American community is growing, changing" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. June 28, 2003 (from the summary page( Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Eschbacher, Karen. " Many anticipate Quincy is becoming THE NEXT CHINATOWN" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. June 28, 2003 (from the summary page( Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  10. ^ Eschbacher, Karen. " Asian American Bank's banking on success of new supermarket" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. June 30, 2003 (from the summary page( Archive). Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  11. ^ "GBCVB, Massport Celebrate Record Number of International Visitors in 2014". Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau. August 21, 2015. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
  12. ^ "History". Kwong Kow Chinese School. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  13. ^ Wong, Ling-Mei (February 2015). "Kwong Kow Chinese School celebrates 99 years". Sampan. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  14. ^ Mann, Jennifer. " Quincy Chinese language school cleared of abuse allegations" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. December 30, 2008. Retrieved on September 8, 2015.
  15. ^ " 關於我們 About Us." Lexington Chinese School. Retrieved on September 8, 2015. "Lexington Chinese School 221 Concord Ave. Belmont, MA 02478, USA (at Belmont High School)" Directions
  16. ^ Whitfill, Mary. " Lunar New Year Festival in Quincy is less than 2 weeks off" ( Archive). The Patriot Ledger. February 17, 2015. Retrieved on September 9, 2015.
  17. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. " An Wang, 70, Is Dead of Cancer; Inventor and Maker of Computers" ( Archive). The New York Times. March 25, 1990. Retrieved on September 11, 2015.

Further reading

External links