Chickasaw County, Mississippi Article

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Chickasaw County, Mississippi
Chickasaw County Courthouse.jpg
East façade of Chickasaw County Court House
Map of Mississippi highlighting Chickasaw County
Location in the U.S. state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded1836
Named for Chickasaw people
Seat Houston and Okolona
Largest cityHouston
Area
 • Total504 sq mi (1,305 km2)
 • Land502 sq mi (1,300 km2)
 • Water2.5 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • ( 2010)17,392
 • Density35/sq mi (14/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.chickasawcoms.com

Chickasaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,392. [1] Its county seats are Houston and Okolona. [2] The county is named for the Chickasaw people, who lived in this area for hundreds of years. Most were removed to Indian Territory in the 1830s, but some remained and became citizens of the state and United States.

Early in the 20th century, the first agricultural high school in Mississippi opened in the unincorporated community of Buena Vista. Cully Cobb, a pioneer of southern agriculture, long-term farm publisher, and an official of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration in Washington, D.C., was the superintendent of the school from 1908-1910. [3]

History

The Mississippi state legislature created Chickasaw County in 1836, following the cession of the land by the Chickasaw Indians. It was quickly settled by Americans from the east, mainly from the Southern states. By the time of the Civil War, riverfront landings had been developed by the many large cotton plantations worked by slaves, who outnumbered the white residents of the county. [4]

Civil War

The American Civil War devastated the local economy, completely destroying the plantation-based infrastructure of Chickasaw County. The newly freed slaves had to adapt to the new labor system, in which the white landowners still retained partial control over their lives through the practice of sharecropping. The economy declined again in the late 19th century, when falling cotton prices reduced both black and white residents to poverty. Farmers eventually began diversifying their crops, and the economy slowly began to improve. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 502 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (0.5%) is water. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,955
185016,369453.9%
186016,4260.3%
187019,89921.1%
188017,905−10.0%
189019,89111.1%
190019,8920.0%
191022,84614.9%
192022,212−2.8%
193020,835−6.2%
194021,4272.8%
195018,951−11.6%
196016,891−10.9%
197016,805−0.5%
198017,8536.2%
199018,0851.3%
200019,4407.5%
201017,392−10.5%
Est. 201617,246 [6]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,392 people residing in the county. 54.0% were White, 42.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 2.5% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 19,440 people, 7,253 households, and 5,287 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 7,981 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.89% White, 41.26% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 2.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census [11] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Chickasaw County were English 44.1%, African 41% and Scots-Irish 13.5%.

There were 7,253 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,364, and the median income for a family was $33,819. Males had a median income of $25,459 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,279. About 16.80% of families and 20.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 22.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

In popular culture

Titus Andromedon, aka Ronald Ephen Wilkerson, a fictional Character from the comedy the Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt, was from Chickasaw County. [13]

Candieland, the plantation of the fictional Calvin Candie, played by Leonardo DiCaprio in Quentin Tarantino's film Django Unchained, is located in Chickasaw County. [14]

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 52.3% 4,127 46.3% 3,649 1.4% 114
2012 47.0% 3,994 51.5% 4,378 1.5% 131
2008 48.5% 4,395 50.7% 4,588 0.8% 75
2004 50.2% 4,193 48.8% 4,078 1.0% 79
2000 49.5% 3,549 49.1% 3,519 1.5% 107
1996 42.8% 2,535 50.1% 2,971 7.2% 424
1992 45.0% 3,150 46.0% 3,220 9.1% 637
1988 55.4% 3,390 44.3% 2,713 0.4% 22
1984 60.5% 3,605 39.1% 2,329 0.4% 23
1980 40.1% 2,540 57.2% 3,622 2.6% 167
1976 45.1% 2,581 50.5% 2,891 4.4% 251
1972 84.7% 3,753 13.1% 579 2.3% 101
1968 7.4% 381 14.0% 720 78.7% 4,062
1964 91.8% 3,138 8.2% 279
1960 15.2% 385 31.2% 791 53.7% 1,362
1956 11.2% 231 80.3% 1,650 8.5% 175
1952 27.5% 685 72.5% 1,805
1948 0.6% 12 5.9% 115 93.5% 1,827
1944 8.5% 180 91.5% 1,935
1940 3.2% 58 96.8% 1,764 0.1% 1
1936 1.1% 18 98.8% 1,559 0.1% 1
1932 1.1% 16 98.6% 1,455 0.3% 4
1928 10.3% 171 89.7% 1,495
1924 6.1% 86 91.9% 1,301 2.1% 29
1920 16.7% 194 81.1% 944 2.2% 26
1916 3.6% 47 93.3% 1,215 3.1% 40
1912 2.0% 19 90.3% 856 7.7% 73

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-10. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "The Founders of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology". Mississippi State University. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Chickasaw County History". msgw.org. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  11. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "The Great Migration: Journey That Reshaped America". 2 October 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  13. ^ "Tituss Burgess Airs His Launcry". Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  14. ^ Kaster, Gregory L. (January 2, 2013). "The Law of Slavery Lies at the Heart of the Movies "Lincoln" and "Django Unchained"". The Ohio State University. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-05.


CHICKASAW COUNTY MISSISSIPPI Latitude and Longitude:

33°55′N 88°57′W / 33.92°N 88.95°W / 33.92; -88.95