Chickasaw County, Iowa Article

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Chickasaw County, Iowa
2009-0528-NewHampton-ChickasawCtycourthouse.jpg
Chickasaw County court house built in 1929
Map of Iowa highlighting Chickasaw County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded15 January 1851
Named for Chickasaw people
Seat New Hampton
Largest cityNew Hampton
Area
 • Total506 sq mi (1,311 km2)
 • Land504 sq mi (1,305 km2)
 • Water1.3 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • ( 2010)12,439
 • Density25/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5

Chickasaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,439. [1] Its county seat is New Hampton. [2] The county was named for the southern Indian Nation whose chief was Bradford.

History

Chickasaw County was founded in January 1851. It was named after the Chickasaw tribe, which lived in the Southern United States at the time.

The first nonindigenous settlers arrived in 1848 and the first county seat was from 1854 in Bradford, in the southwestern corner of the county. In the spring of 1857, the seat was moved to New Hampton, located near the geographic center, and was then called Chickasaw Center. The first county offices were housed in private houses and in the school building. The first courthouse, a wood frame building, was erected in 1865. That building was enlarged in 1876, but a fire on 26 March 1880 destroyed it (townspeople managed to save the records). [3] A brick/stone replacement structure was completed in 1881, and included a soaring clock tower. This building was enlarged in 1905 and again in 1906, but by the twenties it again was too small. The present structure, featuring Bedford stone, was built in 1929 and put into use in 1930.

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 506 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.3%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties

Highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18604,336
187010,180134.8%
188014,53442.8%
189015,0193.3%
190017,03713.4%
191015,375−9.8%
192015,4310.4%
193014,637−5.1%
194015,2274.0%
195015,2280.0%
196015,034−1.3%
197014,969−0.4%
198015,4373.1%
199013,295−13.9%
200013,095−1.5%
201012,439−5.0%
Est. 201612,023 [5]−3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790-1960 [7] 1900-1990 [8]
1990-2000 [9] 2010-2013 [1]

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,439 in the county, with a population density of 24.632/sq mi (9.510/km2). There were 5,679 housing units, of which 5,204 were occupied. [10]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Chickasaw County

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 13,095 people, 5,192 households, and 3,644 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 5,593 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.75% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,192 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,649, and the median income for a family was $44,306. Males had a median income of $30,099 versus $21,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,237. About 5.90% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Chickasaw County posted the highest county unemployment rate in Iowa in the 2000 Census with 8% of the workforce unemployed. This figure, however, was still relatively low compared to the problems faced by many other counties in the Midwest.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Chickasaw County. [13]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 New Hampton City 3,571
2 Nashua (partially in Floyd County) City 1,663
3 Fredericksburg City 931
4 Lawler City 439
5 Ionia City 291
6 Protivin (mostly in Howard County) City 283
7 Alta Vista City 266
8 North Washington City 117
9 Bassett City 66

Politics

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results [14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 58.2% 3,742 35.2% 2,266 6.6% 427
2012 43.7% 2,836 54.8% 3,554 1.5% 94
2008 38.8% 2,557 59.6% 3,923 1.6% 106
2004 44.7% 3,040 54.5% 3,708 0.9% 58
2000 44.6% 2,936 52.2% 3,435 3.2% 213
1996 34.5% 2,191 52.8% 3,355 12.8% 814
1992 32.1% 2,129 43.9% 2,913 24.1% 1,598
1988 41.5% 2,549 57.5% 3,530 0.9% 57
1984 52.9% 3,661 46.1% 3,186 1.0% 70
1980 52.9% 3,929 39.5% 2,935 7.7% 569
1976 49.1% 3,432 50.1% 3,503 0.8% 53
1972 54.6% 3,836 44.6% 3,134 0.9% 60
1968 51.9% 3,510 43.9% 2,966 4.3% 288
1964 36.7% 2,632 63.3% 4,545 0.1% 5
1960 48.5% 3,822 51.5% 4,063 0.1% 4
1956 56.1% 4,205 43.7% 3,275 0.2% 15
1952 63.2% 5,022 36.8% 2,921 0.1% 6
1948 45.5% 3,449 53.6% 4,071 0.9% 69
1944 51.6% 3,575 48.0% 3,328 0.4% 26
1940 52.7% 4,440 47.3% 3,981 0.0% 2
1936 40.0% 3,143 56.7% 4,458 3.4% 265
1932 33.7% 2,585 65.8% 5,047 0.6% 44
1928 50.2% 3,712 49.6% 3,665 0.2% 17
1924 46.5% 3,416 23.6% 1,736 29.9% 2,195
1920 67.0% 4,517 32.2% 2,171 0.8% 56
1916 53.6% 1,999 45.5% 1,697 0.9% 33
1912 28.2% 1,022 52.1% 1,891 19.8% 718
1908 44.9% 1,571 53.6% 1,877 1.5% 53
1904 51.7% 1,972 47.0% 1,790 1.3% 49
1900 49.7% 2,085 49.2% 2,063 1.1% 46
1896 48.2% 1,967 51.1% 2,084 0.7% 30

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 10 September 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Chickasaw County
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". US Census Bureau – American FactFinder. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  12. ^ a b c Chickasaw County - Google Maps (accessed 15 August 2018)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 25 April 2018.


CHICKASAW COUNTY IOWA Latitude and Longitude:

43°03′36″N 92°19′08″W / 43.06000°N 92.31889°W / 43.06000; -92.31889