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Chicago Midway International Airport
Midway International Airport Logo.jpg
Midway Airport Airfield.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Chicago
OperatorChicago Department of Aviation
Serves Chicago
Location Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
OpenedDecember 1927 (90 years ago) (1927-12) [1]
Focus city for Southwest Airlines
Elevation  AMSL620 ft / 189 m
Coordinates 41°47′10″N 87°45′09″W / 41.78611°N 87.75250°W / 41.78611; -87.75250
CHICAGO MIDWAY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Latitude and Longitude:

41°47′10″N 87°45′09″W / 41.78611°N 87.75250°W / 41.78611; -87.75250
Website www.flychicago.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
MDW is located in Chicago metropolitan area
MDW
MDW
Location of airport in Chicago
MDW is located in Illinois
MDW
MDW
MDW (Illinois)
MDW is located in the US
MDW
MDW
MDW (the US)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 5,507 1,679 Asphalt
4R/22L 6,445 1,964 Asphalt/Concrete
13C/31C 6,522 1,988 Concrete
13L/31R 5,141 1,567 Asphalt
13R/31L 3,859 1,176 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations251,341
Passenger volume22,460,236
Cargo tonnage22,170.3
Source: FAA [2] and airport website [3]

Chicago Midway International Airport ( IATA: MDW, ICAO: KMDW, FAA LID: MDW) is a major commercial airport on the southwest side of Chicago, Illinois, located eight miles (13 km) from the Loop. Established in 1927, Midway served as Chicago's primary airport until the opening of O'Hare International Airport in 1955. Today, Midway is the second-largest airport in Chicago metropolitan area and the state of Illinois, serving 22,221,499 passengers in 2015. [4] Traffic is currently dominated by low-cost carrier Southwest Airlines; Chicago is Southwest's largest focus city. [5] [6]

Originally named Chicago Municipal Airport, it was renamed to honor the Battle of Midway. The airfield is located in a square mile bounded by 55th and 63rd Streets, and Central and Cicero Avenues. The current terminal complex was completed in 2001. The terminal bridges Cicero Avenue and contains 43 gates with facilities for international passengers. Stevenson Expressway ( I-55) and the CTA Orange Line provide freeway and rapid transit access to The Loop.

History

Early history (1923–1962)

Originally named Chicago Air Park, [7] Midway Airport was built on a 320-acre (130 ha) plot in 1923 with one cinder runway mainly for airmail flights. In 1926 the city leased the airport and named it Chicago Municipal Airport on December 12, 1927. [1] By 1928, the airport had twelve hangars and four runways, lit for night operations. [8]

A major fire early on June 25, 1930, destroyed two hangars and 27 aircraft, "12 of them tri-motor passenger planes." The loss was estimated at more than two million dollars. The hangars destroyed were of the Universal Air Lines, Inc., and the Grey Goose Airlines, the latter under lease to Stout Air Lines. The fire followed an explosion of undetermined cause in the Universal hangar. [9]

The Chicago area, featuring Chicago Midway and O'Hare International Airports

In 1931 a new passenger terminal opened at 62nd St; [8] the following year the airport claimed to be the " World's Busiest" with over 100,846 passengers on 60,947 flights. [10] (The July 1932 Official Aviation Guide (OAG) shows 206 scheduled airline departures a week.)

More construction was funded in part by $1 million from the Works Progress Administration; the airport expanded to fill the square mile in 1938–41 after a court ordered the Chicago and Western Indiana Railroad to reroute tracks that had crossed the square along the northern edge of the older field.

The March 1939 OAG shows 47 weekday departures: 13 on United, 13 American, 9 TWA, 4 Northwest, and two each on Eastern, Braniff, Pennsylvania Central, and C&S. [11] New York's airport (Newark, then LaGuardia by the end of 1939) was then the busiest airline airport in the United States, but Midway passed LaGuardia in 1948 and kept the title until 1960. [8] The record-breaking 1945 Japan–Washington flight of B-29s refueled at the airport on their way to Washington DC.

In July 1949 the airport was renamed after the Battle of Midway. [10] That year Midway saw 3.2 million passengers; passengers peaked at 10 million in 1959. [12] The diagram on the January 1951 C&GS approach chart shows four parallel pairs of runways, all 4240 ft or less except for 5730-ft runway 13R (current runway 13C) and 5230-ft runway 4R. Airport diagram for 1959

The April 1957 OAG shows 414 weekday fixed-wing departures from Midway: 83 American, 83 United, 56 TWA, 40 Capital, 35 North Central, 28 Delta, 27 Eastern, 22 Northwest, 19 Ozark, 11 Braniff, 5 Trans-Canada, and 5 Lake Central. Air France, Lufthansa, and REAL (of Brazil) had a few flights per week. [13] Midway was running out of room and in any case could not handle the 707 and DC-8 jets that appeared in 1959; every Chicago jet flight had to use O'Hare, which had opened to the airlines in 1955. Electras and Viscounts could have continued to fly out of Midway, but O'Hare's new terminal opened in 1962, allowing airlines to consolidate their flights. From July 1962 until United returned in July 1964, Midway's only scheduled airline was Chicago Helicopter. In August 1966 a total of four fixed-wing arrivals were scheduled, all United 727s (United was alone at Midway until early 1968).

Post-O'Hare reconstruction (1963–1993)

By 1967 reconstruction began at the airport, adding three new concourses with 28 gates and three ticket counters, [10] and in 1968 the city invested $10 million in renovation funds. [8] (For a few months during the 1967 renovation Midway had no scheduled airline flights.) The funds partly supported construction of the Stevenson Expressway, and Midway saw the return of major airlines that year, with 1,663,074 passengers [14] on smaller-capacity, shorter range twin-jet and trijet airliners such as the McDonnell Douglas DC-9, BAC One-Eleven, Boeing 727, and Boeing 737 that could use Midway's runways, which the Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8 could not. In May 1968 there were 22 scheduled departures: six United 727s to MSP, DCA and LGA, 12 Northwest 727s to MSP and CLE, one Delta DC-9 to STL and three Ozark FH227s.

The December 1970 OAG shows 86 weekday arrivals (77 jet) on 13 fixed-wing airlines from 31 airports, [15] but the August 1974 shows 14 arrivals (all jet) on four airlines, and in 1976–79 Midway had only the two or three Delta DC-9s from St Louis. Midway Airlines arrived on October 31, 1979 with DC-9 nonstops to Kansas City, Detroit and Cleveland Lakefront; they expanded greatly in the 1980s. Their September 1989 timetable shows 117 weekday departures to 29 cities, plus 108 departures on their commuter affiliates to 22 more cities. Midway quit flying in 1991.

In 1982, the city of Chicago purchased Midway Airport from the Chicago Board of Education for $16 million. [8] Three years later, Southwest Airlines began operations at Midway. [16] Midway was a focus city for Vanguard Airlines from 1997 to 2000. [17]

The Chicago Transit Authority displaced the Carlton Midway Inn to open a new CTA terminal at the airport on October 31, 1993, for the new Chicago 'L' Orange Line that connected Midway to Chicago's Loop. [10] Midway Airport is the end of the line, which crosses the southwest part of the city before ending at the Loop. The Orange Line does not run 24 hours a day (unlike the Blue Line, which has 24-hour service to O'Hare), but does operate from about 4:00 am to 1:00 am, at an average of 8-minute intervals. The trip from Midway to the Loop takes 25 minutes.

Years of ATA (1994–2008)

In 1996, after failing to get his Lake Calumet Airport and having received harsh criticism for the idea of turning the airport into an industrial park, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley announced the Midway Airport Terminal Development Program, which was launched the following year. At the time, it was the largest public works project in the state. [18] The Midway Airport parking garage opened in 1999, bringing covered parking to the airport for the first time. The garage is connected to the Midway terminal building for convenient access to ticket counters and baggage claim areas. [10]

Continuing with the expansion project, a pedestrian bridge over Cicero Avenue was built in 2000, connecting the new terminal to the new concourses. [8] In 2001 the new 900,000-square-foot (84,000 m2) Midway Airport terminal building opened, with larger ticket counters, spacious baggage claim areas, traveler information, and a short walking distance to gates. [10] A 50,000-square-foot (4,600 m2) food court opened with Chicago-style food and retail options.

The expansion project culminated with a short lived period of great airline diversity at Midway as Vanguard Airlines, National Airlines and AirTran Airways all expanded their services to the airport.

ATA Airlines (ATA) took over Chicago Express Airlines, also known as ATA Connection, whose primary hub was at Midway. Chicago Express served as a regional airline connecting to airports around the great lakes regions.

Following the September 11 attacks, which resulted in a drop in passenger service, along with other problems for the airline industry, both Vanguard and National ceased operations at Midway and became defunct in 2002, with MetroJet being dissolved and refolded into US Airways' main line in late 2001.

In 2002 Midway welcomed the return of international service after a 40-year absence with the opening of the new Federal Inspection Service facility in Concourse A. [19]

In June 2004, Mayor Daley and airline officials celebrated the completion of the Terminal Development Program. [8] The project, designed by HNTB [20] resulted in the addition of 14 gates (from 29 to 43). [8] A new 6,300-space economy parking garage, including a new bridge and roadway for buses shuttling passengers to and from the terminal, opened in December 2005. [8]

Simultaneous to Midway's expansion, ATA Airlines began rapid expansion at Midway in the early 2000s (decade), and was the airport's dominant carrier prior to 2004, using 14 of the 17 gates in Concourse A. [21] However, after the airline declared bankruptcy in October 2004, scheduled service from Midway significantly decreased.

For over 16 years, Midway had been the main hub for Indianapolis-based ATA, but the airline shut down on June 7, 2008. [22] [23] Earlier, the airline filed for bankruptcy in April 2008; on April 3, 2008, ATA Airlines discontinued all operations. [23]

In November 2008, Porter Airlines, which flies between Midway and Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, was the only international route served from Chicago–Midway after ATA Airlines, which had flights to Mexico, ceased operations in April that year. On December 13, 2010, a second carrier, Volaris, began flights between Guadalajara and Midway.

Starting in early 2009, a construction project added a new walkway and food court to Concourse A. The project also connected gates A4A and A4B to the main A concourse. Expansions were completed in the spring of 2010.

Privatization Attempts

Southwest Airlines is the dominant carrier at Midway, operating more than 259 daily flights out of Midway.

Chicago has considered privatizing the airport, but the deals fell through in 2009 and 2013.

On April 20, 2009 a $2.5 billion deal to privatize the airport via a 99-year lease fell through when the consortium could not put together financing. The city would have kept $125 million in the down payment. The consortium operating under the name of Midway Investment and Development Company LLC consisted of Vancouver Airport Services, Citi Infrastructure Investors, and Boston's John Hancock Life Insurance. It was awarded the contract in October 2008 by the City Council, which voted 49–0 to approve it. The consortium would have operated the airport and collected airport parking, concession, and passenger facility charges. However, Chicago would have continued to provide fire and police services. [24] In 2010 a new slogan emerged calling the airport The busiest square mile in the world.

In September 2013, Mayor Rahm Emanuel terminated new negotiations to privatize the airport, noting that the process was no longer competitive after one of the two finalists had backed out. The one remaining was Great Lakes Airport Alliance – a partnership of Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets and Ferrovial. Macquarie was one of the investors in the Chicago Skyway. The group that had backed out was a group that included the Australia-based Industry Funds Management and Manchester Airports Group. The Great Lakes proposal had been valued at $2 billion and would have involved a 40-year lease. [25] [26]

Modernization Program

Construction began in 2018 on expansions of the security checkpoint and main parking garage. The bridge spanning Cicero Ave is being widened from 50 feet to over 400 feet, allowing up to 17 security lanes and a streamlined queue. [27] As the current terminal opened just a few months prior to the September 11th attacks, the security area was quickly rendered too small for the new screening measures and subsequently was forced to expand inward taking away from space in the concourses. Space that is reclaimed by moving security outward into the bridge with be redeveloped with an expansion of the central food court. The main parking garage is being extended eastward over the CTA L tracks to add 1,500 spaces and streamline the entrance way [28]. In addition to the redeveloped central food court, new concession options will open in phases including a food court in Concourse A utilizing previously unused space built during the 2010 rebuild of the Gate A4A/B connecting walkway [29]. The program is the largest capital improvements project at the airport since the 2001 terminal redevelopment and is scheduled to be completed winter 2019-2020.

Airfield

Main Corridor at Chicago–Midway.
Southwest Airlines check-in ticket counters.

All terminals and hangars were on the square periphery. By the late 1970s, the shorter north–south and east–west runway pairs had been closed, though some were converted to taxiways. The other four runways remain in use, all strengthened and enhanced, but about the same lengths as always. A short runway (13R/31L) for light aircraft was added in 1989.

Chicago Midway International Airport covers just over one square mile (650 acres or 260 hectares) [2] and has five runways: [30]

  • 13C/31C: 6,522 ft × 150 ft (1,988 m × 46 m), air carrier runway, ILS-equipped.
  • 4R/22L: 6,445 ft × 150 ft (1,964 m × 46 m), air carrier runway, ILS-equipped.
  • 4L/22R: 5,507 ft × 150 ft (1,679 m × 46 m), general aviation and air taxi.
  • 13L/31R: 5,141 ft × 150 ft (1,567 m × 46 m), general aviation and air taxi. Used as an Emergency Runway for commercial aircraft.
  • 13R/31L: 3,859 ft × 60 ft (1,176 m × 18 m), light aircraft only. Used as an Emergency Runway for commercial aircraft.

Midway is surrounded by buildings and other development, so the landing thresholds of the runways are displaced to provide obstacle clearance. The FAA and the airlines ensure safety by adhering to calculated load limits and various weather minimums. Because of the displaced landing thresholds, the runways have shorter distances available for landings than for takeoffs. 13C/31C, the longest runway, only has an available landing distance of 6,059 feet (1,847 m) in the southeast direction, and 5,826 feet (1,776 m) to the northwest. The largest aircraft normally seen at Midway is the Boeing 757. Normally, commercial planes only take off from and land on runways 4R/22L and 13C/31C. The other runways are used by smaller aircraft.

Terminals

Midway has 43 aircraft gates on three concourses (A, B, and C). [10] Southwest is the largest operator at the airport, controlling 32 gates, flying to 62 cities, with 242 daily departures as of September 2017. [31] In 2016, over 22,677,000 passengers passed through Midway, a 2% increase over the previous year. [32]

The three concourses and their gates are:

  • Concourse A – 17 gates (A1–A3, A4A–B, A5, A7, A9–A12, A14–A19)
  • Concourse B – 23 gates (B1–B3, B5–B12, B14–B26)
  • Concourse C – 3 gates (C1–C3)

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Seasonal: Detroit
[33]
Delta Connection Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul [33]
Porter Airlines Toronto–Billy Bishop [34]
Southwest Airlines Albany, Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Buffalo, Burbank, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orlando, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Providence, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, San Juan, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, Tucson, Washington–National
Seasonal: Boise, Orange County, Portland (ME), Reno/Tahoe, Spokane, West Palm Beach
[35]
Ultimate Air Shuttle Cincinnati–Lunken, Manistee a [36] [37]
Volaris Durango, Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Morelia, Querétaro, Zacatecas [38]
Notes

^a Ultimate Jet Charters operates the flights to Manistee under the brand North Country Sky

Statistics

Chicago Midway Airport is the second-largest passenger airport in the state of Illinois, with only O'Hare being larger. [4] In 2016, Chicago Midway International Airport was the 26th-busiest airport in the United States in terms of passenger traffic. [39]

Chicago Midway ranked highest in customer satisfaction among medium-sized airports (10 million to 30 million passengers per year) in J. D. Power and Associates' 2008 study. [40]

Southwest is the dominant carrier at Midway, controlling 34 of the airport's 43 gates. Currently, the airline offers around 236 daily departures to 69 nonstop destinations. [41]

Top destinations

Sculpture at Chicago–Midway.
SBD Dauntless on static display as part of the Midway memorial.
Busiest domestic routes from MDW (August 2017 – July 2018) [42]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 487,010 Delta, Southwest
2 Las Vegas, Nevada 439,150 Southwest
3 Denver, Colorado 436,160 Southwest
4 Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota 404,610 Delta, Southwest
5 Orlando, Florida 394,050 Southwest
6 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 382,720 Southwest
7 Dallas–Love, Texas 313,330 Southwest
8 Houston–Hobby, Texas 305,800 Southwest
9 Kansas City, Missouri 295,560 Southwest
10 Los Angeles, California 295,140 Southwest
Busiest international routes from MDW (2017) [43]
Rank Airport Passengers Annual Change Carriers
1 Mexico Cancún, Mexico 174,109 Increase06.8% Southwest
2 Canada Toronto–Billy Bishop, Canada 169,342 Increase00.16% Porter Airlines
3 Mexico Morelia, Mexico 89,131 Increase03.89% Volaris
4 Mexico Guadalajara, Mexico 88,683 Decrease04.8% Volaris
5 Jamaica Montego Bay, Jamaica 86,674 Decrease00.2% Southwest
6 Dominican Republic Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 79,091 Decrease05.05% Southwest
7 Mexico Zacatecas, Mexico 45,043 Increase06.5% Volaris
8 Mexico León/Del Bajío, Mexico 41,923 Increase031.1% Volaris
9 Mexico Durango, Mexico 24,167 Decrease07.3% Volaris
10 Mexico Querétaro, Mexico 12,224 - Volaris

Annual traffic

Recent Traffic [3]
Year Passenger volume Change over previous year Aircraft operations Cargo tonnage
2000 15,672,688 Increase015.34% 298,115 23,260.4
2001 15,628,886 Decrease00.37% 278,734 17,162.4
2002 16,959,229 Increase08.51% 304,304 83,472.8
2003 18,644,372 Increase09.94% 328,025 25,847.3
2004 19,718,236 Increase05.70% 339,508 29,047.5
2005 17,862,838 Decrease09.42% 289,579 19,460.3
2006 18,868,388 Increase05.63% 298,542 17,060.0
2007 19,378,855 Increase02.71% 304,657 14,726.8
2008 17,345,635 Decrease010.49% 266,341 14,254.1
2009 17,089,365 Decrease01.48% 244,810 25,010.2
2010 17,676,413 Increase03.44% 245,533 28,227.6
2011 18,883,170 Increase07.00% 255,227 26,091.0
2012 19,516,127 Increase03.35% 249,913 27,911.4
2013 20,474,552 Increase04.91% 252,126 26,164.7
2014 21,179,833 Increase03.44% 249,252 25,372.1
2015 22,221,499 Increase04.92% 253,519 25,217.9
2016 22,677,589 Increase02.05% 253,046 21,724.7
2017 22,460,236 Decrease00.96% 251,341 22,170.3

Accidents and incidents

On December 8, 1972, United Airlines Flight 553, a Boeing 737-200, crashed into a residential area outside Midway during landing. The crash of the 737-200 killed 43 of the 61 on board, and two on the ground. One of the victims on the plane was Dorothy Hunt, the wife of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt. She was carrying $10,000 in cash. James McCord alleged that she supplied the Watergate defendants with money for legal expenses. [44]

Exactly 33 years later, on December 8, 2005, Southwest Airlines Flight 1248, a Boeing 737-700 inbound from Baltimore–Washington International Airport in Baltimore, Maryland, slid off the runway while attempting to land at the airport in a heavy snow storm. [45] The airplane broke through the barrier fence of the airport, and came to rest at the intersection of 55th Street and Central Avenue bordering the airport at its northwest corner. [45] A 6-year-old boy was killed as a passenger in a vehicle that was struck by the plane after it skidded into the street. [45]

List of all major incidents at MDW
Date Registration Aircraft Carrier Location Summary
May 31, 1936 NC14979 DC-2 Trans World Airlines - On approach to 27L, 1 engine out, strong gusts, crashed half a mile east of field. All survived.
December 4, 1940 NC25678 DC-3A United Airlines 6356 S. Keating Ave. Pilot lost sight in bad weather and crashed on landing approach resulting in ten deaths. [46] [47]
May 20, 1943 42–7053 B-24E U.S. Army Air Force 3625 W. 73rd St. On approach, disoriented in bad weather, hit huge gas storage tank 2.5 miles (4.0 km) southeast. 12 fatalities on plane and ground. [48] [49]
September 26, 1946 NC19939 DC-3 Trans World Airlines West of 96th Ave. at 97th St. Midair collision with Boeing PT-17, which crashed, killing two. The DC-3 limped in to Midway.
July 2, 1946 NC28383 DC-3 Trans World Airlines - Crashed 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northeast of field. All survived.
March 10, 1948 NC37478 DC-4 Delta Air Lines 5000 W. 55th St. Plane took off on 36R, at 150 feet (46 m) went vertical, at 500 feet (150 m) nosed over, crashed on 55th St. 12 fatalities.
March 26, 1949 NC90736 DC-6 American Airlines - Hit power lines on approach. All survived.
December 18, 1949 NC86501 L-049 Trans World Airlines - Landing too far down (then designated) 13R, crashed through fence, ended up at 63rd and Cicero. All survived.
January 4, 1951 N79982 C-46 Monarch Airlines - Overloaded taking off on (then designated) 31L, could not climb, crashed on railroad tracks one half-mile northeast. All survived.
September 16, 1951 N74689 C-46 Peninsula Transport - Belly-landed 500 yards (460 m) away at northeast 63rd and Harlem. All survived.
March 3, 1953 N6214C L-1049 Eastern Airlines On field Landed on (then designated) 31L, gear collapsed, skidded southwest toward Hale School. All survived.
July 17, 1955 N3422 Convair 340 Braniff International Airways On field Hit gas station sign on approach to (then designated) 13R, flipped over, crashed. 22 fatalities.
August 5, 1955 N74601 Boeing 377 Northwest Airlines - Landed on (then designated) 31L, could not stop, crashed through fence at 55th and Central. All survived.
February 20, 1956 N7404 Vickers Viscount Capitol On field Landing on 31R, plane flopped in 300 feet (91 m) short of threshold. All survived.
March 15, 1959 N94273 Convair 240 American Airlines - Lost sight of (then designated) 31L on approach, crashed in railroad yard one half-mile south of field. All survived.
November 24, 1959 N102R L-1049H Trans World Airlines Came to rest 63rd and Kilpatrick Plane departed (then designated) 31L, fire on engine No. 2, circled to land 31L, crashed 0.2 miles (0.32 km) southeast of field. All three persons aboard were killed.
September 1, 1961 N86511 L-049 Trans World Airlines - Plane departed Midway, lost elevator bolt, crashed near Hinsdale, Illinois, resulting in 78 deaths.
December 8, 1972 N9031U 737-200 United Airlines 71st and Springfield Aircraft descended too low on approach to 31L and struck houses, crashed 1.25 miles (2.01 km) southeast of airport, causing 43 fatalities aboard the aircraft and two on the ground.
March 25, 1976 N1EM Lockheed Jetstar Executive On field Pilot unfamiliar with plane attempted take off on 13L, never became airborne, crashed into fence 63rd and Cicero. Four fatalities.
August 6, 1976 N9446Z TB-25N Air Chicago 61st and Moody Avenue Poor maintenance, and first flight of the plane in two years. It took off 4L, lost engine 2, and crashed 0.4 miles (0.64 km) west of field, killing two aboard and one on the ground.
December 8, 2005 N471WN 737-700 Southwest Airlines 55th & Central Landed 31C during a snowstorm, crashed through a fence, hit 2 cars, killed a child in car on 55th St. and Central Ave.

Source: Civil Aeronautics Board archives, NTSB records.

Note: Prior to 1941, the runways did not have numerical designations. The runway now designated 13C/31C was designated 13R/31L from 1941 until 1989, when a new Runway 13R/31L was built. Runways 27L, 27R, 36L and 36R were closed by 1973.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Midway Airport". Encyclopedia of Chicago.
  2. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for MDW ( Form 5010 PDF). effective October 17, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Air Traffic Data". Chicago Department of Aviation. April 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Chicago Airport System Airport Statistics". Chicago Airport System. December 1, 2007. Archived from the original on February 18, 2012.
  5. ^ "Southwest/AirTran Top Ten Airports by Departures". Southwest Airlines. August 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  6. ^ Schulte, Sarah. " SWA flights take off at Midway, airline's largest hub." WLS-TV. April 4, 2011. Retrieved on April 4, 2011.
  7. ^ "Chicago Transportation: Chicago Midway Airport". USA Today. May 12, 2007. Archived from the original on January 2, 2007.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of Midway International Airport". Fly Chicago. April 28, 2007. Archived from the original on June 6, 2007.
  9. ^ Associated Press, "27 Planes Burn In Chicago Fire", Sarasota Herald, Sarasota, Florida, Wednesday 25 June 1930, Volume 5, Number 224, page one.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Midway Airport Visitors Guide (History Section)" (PDF). FlyChicago.com. May 12, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 14, 2008.
  11. ^ Official Aviation Guide, Chicago IL: Official Aviation Guide Company, 1939
  12. ^ This video of Chicago Midway Airport in 1954 shows the increase in traffic that Midway Airport experienced during the 1950s. "Chicago Midway Airport – 1954". YouTube. December 2, 2007.
  13. ^ Official Airline Guide, Washington DC: American Aviation Publications, 1957
  14. ^ Airport Activity Statistics shows 208,086 total enplanements in 1968.
  15. ^ UA had 25 flights from DEN, DSM, MLI, LGA, OMA, PIT, and DCA; AA had 13 from DTW, EWR, ROC and STL; NW had 10 from MSP and CLE.
  16. ^ "Southwest Airlines Fact Sheet: Top Ten Airports". Southwest Airlines. May 12, 2007.
  17. ^ "Midway Airlines". Encyclopedia of Chicago. April 27, 2007.
  18. ^ "Early History/Post O'hare history". The Tracon. April 6, 2007. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013.
  19. ^ "New Midway Terminal". Airport-Technology.com. April 6, 2007.[ unreliable source?]
  20. ^ HNTB – Chicago Midway Airport Archived July 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ "ATA Facts". ATA Airlines. December 1, 2007. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008.
  22. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben. "ATA to end service to DCA, LGA". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2012-06-29.
  23. ^ a b "ATA Airlines to Discontinue Scheduled Service at Chicago's Midway Airport". ATA Airlines. PR Newswire. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012.
  24. ^ "Chicago Tribune - Historical Newspapers".
  25. ^ Chicago Halts Airport Lease – WSJ.com. Online.wsj.com (September 5, 2013). Retrieved on September 18, 2013.
  26. ^ Emanuel halts Midway privatization bidding – Chicago Tribune. Articles.chicagotribune.com (September 6, 2013). Retrieved on September 18, 2013.
  27. ^ "https://www.flychicago.com/sites/midwaymodernization/projects/Pages/checkpoint.aspx". www.flychicago.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16. External link in |title= ( help)
  28. ^ "https://www.flychicago.com/sites/midwaymodernization/projects/Pages/garage-pedway.aspx". www.flychicago.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16. External link in |title= ( help)
  29. ^ "https://www.flychicago.com/sites/midwaymodernization/projects/Pages/concessions.aspx". www.flychicago.com. Retrieved 2018-09-16. External link in |title= ( help)
  30. ^ "MDW FAA Information effective 11 February 2010". AirNav. February 11, 2010.
  31. ^ "Southwest Corporate Fact Sheet".
  32. ^ "Data report" (PDF). flychicago.com.
  33. ^ a b "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  34. ^ "Fly porter destinations". Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  35. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  36. ^ "Ultimate Air Shuttle Timetable" (PDF). Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  37. ^ "Ultimate Air Shuttle UE1804 from Chicago (MDW) to Manistee (MBL)". Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  38. ^ "Volaris Flight Schedule". Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  39. ^ "Airport Traffic Reports - Airports Council International - North America". www.aci-na.org.
  40. ^ "Customer Satisfaction with Airports Declines Sharply Amid an Industry Fraught with Flight Delays" (PDF). J.D. Power and Associates. May 20, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 25, 2008.
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