Temporal range: 5–4 Ma
|Chesapecten jeffersonius (exterior of shell)|
|Chesapecten jeffersonius (interior of shell)|
( Say, 1824)
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Chesapecten jeffersonius is the state fossil of the State of Virginia in the United States. It is the fossilized form of an extinct scallop, which lived in the early Pliocene epoch between four and five million years ago on Virginia's coastal plain. In 1687, Martin Lister published a drawing of C. jeffersonius, making it the first North American fossil to be illustrated in scientific literature. 
In 1824, geologist John Finch gathered a large collection of mollusk fossils, including Chesapecten jeffersonius, from the vicinity of Yorktown, Virginia, and gave them to scientists at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP).
- Ward, Lauck (2007). "Virginia's Coastal Plain: Where the New World Originated" ( PDF). Inside Virginia Museum of Natural History Research. Virginia Museum of Natural History; Smithsonian Institution (2): 7. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
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