Chase County, Nebraska Article

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Chase County, Nebraska
Chase County, Nebraska courthouse from SE 2.JPG
Chase County courthouse in Imperial
Map of Nebraska highlighting Chase County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Founded27 February 1873 (authorized)
1886 (organized)
Named for Champion S. Chase
Seat Imperial
Largest cityImperial
Area
 • Total897 sq mi (2,323 km2)
 • Land894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Water3.1 sq mi (8 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)3,971
 • Density4.4/sq mi (1.7/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/ −6
Website www.co.chase.ne.us

Chase County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 3,966. [1] Its county seat is Imperial. [2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Chase County is represented by the prefix 72 (it had the 72nd-most vehicles registered in the state when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History

Chase County was named after Champion S. Chase, who served as mayor of Omaha for seven years and was Nebraska's first Attorney General.

Chase County was separated from Hayes County by the Nebraska legislature on February 27, 1873, although the county was not organized until 1886. [3] [4]

It was once said that, excluding ranch owners, their wives, and their cooks, at the time Chase County was organized it was populated entirely by cowboys. Part of the reason for such a statement may have been the fact that at one time Frenchman Creek and its main branch the Stinking Water Creek were used as watering stops for cattle drives that traveled from Texas to the Union Pacific railhead at Ogallala. These trails are known as the Western or Great Western trails. [5] [6]

Chase County sits in the region once referred to as the Great American Desert. However, on the broad, fertile plateau, early settlers quickly discovered that Chase County's dark sandy loam soil was excellent for farming.

The railroad came to Chase County in 1892, reaching Wauneta on January 28. [7] It was built by a division of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. This line left the main line near Culbertson and terminated in Imperial.

National Register of Historic Places listings

  • Imperial
    • Balcony House (listed 2000) [8] [9]
    • Chase County Court House (listed 1990) [9] [10]
  • Wauneta
    • Wauneta Roller Mills (listed 2008) [9]
  • Champion
    • Champion Mill (listed 1988) [9] [10]
  • Rural Areas
    • Lovett Site (listed 1972) [9] [11]
    • Texas Trail Stone Corral (listed 2002), on Spring Creek North of Imperial [9] [12]

Law and government

Chase County is served by a three-member Board of Commissioners. County officials are directly elected. It is a part of the 44th Legislative District of the Nebraska Legislature. [13]

Geography

Chase County is on the west edge of Nebraska. Its west boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Colorado. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 897 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) (0.3%) is water. [14]

Chase County is geographically diverse. The spring-fed Frenchman Creek crosses the county from west to southeast. From Enders to Wauneta the path of the creek exposes limestone outcroppings. North of Wauneta is an area of significant loess deposits, including the typical steep-walled canyons. Rolling Sandhill formations are found in the north-central and southwestern areas of the county.

The Pierre Shale of Upper Cretaceous Age is the underlying structure of the region. At Enders Dam this formation is found at a depth of 175 feet (53 m) below the valley floor. The Ogallala Formation of Pliocene Age overlies the Pierre Shale. The Ogallala Formation is composed of fine to course sand, some gravel, calcareous silt, silty sands, silts and clays. Various degrees of calcareous cementation occur, resulting in lenses of varying loose unconsolidated to very firm compact materials at irregular intervals. The Ogallala beds lie almost horizontal and structural irregularities, such as faulting, have been observed in the area. [15]

The Ogallala Formation is of vital importance to the county and the surrounding areas. The associated Ogallala Aquifer is the primary source of water for the population and livestock, and an important input into agricultural economy of the county.

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

  • Church Grove Recreation Area [16]
  • Enders Reservoir State Recreation Area [17]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188070
18904,8076,767.1%
19002,559−46.8%
19103,61341.2%
19204,93936.7%
19305,48411.0%
19405,310−3.2%
19505,176−2.5%
19604,317−16.6%
19704,129−4.4%
19804,75815.2%
19904,381−7.9%
20004,068−7.1%
20103,966−2.5%
Est. 20173,971 [18]0.1%
US Decennial Census [19]
1790-1960 [20] 1900-1990 [21]
1990-2000 [22] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2000 United States Census, [23] there were 4,068 people, 1,662 households, and 1,163 families in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,927 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.81% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, and 0.25% from two or more races. 3.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.6% were of German, 13.0% American, 12.3% English and 7.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 1,662 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 5.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.

The county population contained 25.20% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 21.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,351, and the median income for a family was $39,225. Males had a median income of $27,554 versus $17,602 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,490. About 7.90% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Chase County economy is based on agriculture. A third of the county's area is under irrigation; another fourth is used for dry farming. The rest is rangeland. Wheat, corn, edible beans (pintos, kidneys and great northerns), soybeans and sugar beets are the principal crops. Livestock production is equally important in the county's economy. [24] In 2007, sales of agricultural products exceeded $125 Million, with Corn ($96 Million) and Wheat ($11 Million) being the primary crops. [25]

Transportation

The main highway routes crossing Chase County are U.S. Route 6 which crosses east-west and Nebraska Highway 61 which crosses north-south. [26] The county is served by the Nebraska Kansas & Colorado Railway. NKCR is an operating company of OmniTRAX. This short line operates the branch line which interchanges with the BNSF. This line enters the county near the southeastern corner passing through Wauneta and Enders, terminating at Imperial. [27]

Major highways

Communities

City

Villages

Census-designated places

Politics

Chase County voters are strongly Republican. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected a Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results [28]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 86.8% 1,648 9.0% 171 4.2% 79
2012 84.8% 1,584 13.6% 254 1.6% 29
2008 80.1% 1,477 18.5% 341 1.4% 26
2004 83.7% 1,652 15.3% 302 1.0% 19
2000 80.3% 1,505 16.3% 306 3.4% 64
1996 68.9% 1,277 19.7% 365 11.4% 212
1992 48.0% 1,000 19.1% 398 32.9% 685
1988 69.5% 1,446 28.7% 597 1.9% 39
1984 80.9% 1,697 17.6% 368 1.5% 32
1980 75.8% 1,593 15.4% 324 8.9% 186
1976 59.2% 1,146 37.4% 725 3.4% 66
1972 81.1% 1,318 18.9% 307
1968 67.8% 1,171 21.0% 363 11.2% 193
1964 54.4% 1,081 45.6% 907
1960 69.3% 1,482 30.7% 657
1956 68.3% 1,444 31.7% 670
1952 80.7% 1,941 19.3% 463
1948 59.8% 1,094 40.2% 736
1944 69.0% 1,444 31.0% 648
1940 63.3% 1,557 36.7% 904
1936 39.9% 1,031 57.7% 1,493 2.4% 63
1932 38.6% 948 57.4% 1,408 4.0% 99
1928 71.9% 1,540 27.0% 579 1.1% 23
1924 48.2% 919 29.9% 570 22.0% 419
1920 66.2% 976 28.1% 414 5.8% 85
1916 37.4% 369 55.8% 551 6.8% 67
1912 25.1% 197 33.4% 262 41.5% 325
1908 51.6% 400 43.6% 338 4.8% 37
1904 62.4% 329 21.1% 111 16.5% 87
1900 51.6% 313 45.1% 274 3.3% 20

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 35. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  4. ^ "Chase County". Nebraska Association of County Officials. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. ^ Western Trail, The Handbook of Texas
  6. ^ The Great Western Trail
  7. ^ Chase County Tourism
  8. ^ Chase County Tourism
  9. ^ a b c d e f Nebraska State Historical Society
  10. ^ a b Chase County Tourism
  11. ^ NebraskaStudies.Org
  12. ^ Chase County Tourism
  13. ^ Nebraska Legislature
  14. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  15. ^ Bureau of Reclamation - Enders Dam Data Archived May 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Church Grove Recreation Area, Enders NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  17. ^ Enders Grove State Recreation Area, Enders NE Google Maps (accessed 17 January 2019)
  18. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  19. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  20. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  21. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  22. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  24. ^ eReference Desk, Chase County, Nebraska
  25. ^ 2007 Census of Agriculture, USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service
  26. ^ Nebraska Highway Logbook
  27. ^ Nebraska Kansas Colorado Railway Archived May 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Election Results

External links


CHASE COUNTY NEBRASKA Latitude and Longitude:

40°32′N 101°41′W / 40.53°N 101.69°W / 40.53; -101.69