Cavalier County, North Dakota Article

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Cavalier County, North Dakota
Cavalier County Courthouse.jpg
Cavalier County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Cavalier County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1873 (created)
1884 (organized)
Seat Langdon
Largest cityLangdon
Area
 • Total1,510 sq mi (3,911 km2)
 • Land1,489 sq mi (3,856 km2)
 • Water21 sq mi (54 km2), 1.4%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)3,762
 • Density2.53/sq mi (0.98/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website cavaliercounty.us

Cavalier County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. It is south of the Canada–US border with Manitoba. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 3,993. [1] Its county seat is Langdon. [2] The city of Cavalier is in nearby Pembina County.

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created Cavalier County on 4 January 1873 with territory annexed from Pembina County, but did not organize the county government structure at that time. It was named for Charles Cavileer (or Cavalier) [3] of Pembina (1818-1902), an early settler. [4]

The county organization was effected on 8 July 1884. Its boundaries were altered in 1883 and in 1887. [5] [6]

After petitioning the Territorial Governor for permission to organize the county, Patrick McHugh, W. Hudson Matthews, and L.C. Noracong met on 8 July 1884. On July 26 the new county officials met for the second time and chose Noracong as Chairman of the Board with William H. Doyle and Matthews as Commissioners. The first Register of Deeds and County Clerk was McHugh. W.J. Mooney became the first Judge of Probate, Charles B. Nelson was the first Cavalier County Supt. of Schools, and Clarence Hawkes the first Sheriff.[ citation needed] Cavalier took its current form in 1887 after the Territorial Legislature authorized an increase in size by taking a portion from Pembina County. The expansion added 15 new townships to the county. [5]

A site for a county seat was selected at the second meeting; it was named Langdon, for Robert Bruce Langdon of Minnesota, an official with the Great Northern Railroad. Langdon never visited the town, but reportedly donated a bell for the local school. [7]

The first court house was built in 1884 at a cost of $360.00. It was used briefly and then abandoned for warmer and more centrally located quarters in a downtown bank. A large brick court house was built in 1895 on the present site at a contract cost of $9,099.00. This building served county officials until the current court house was constructed in 1957-58. [8]

Cavalier County Historical Society

Established after 1969 - The Holy Trinity Church at Dresden, ND became the cornerstone of the County museum. It now houses local historic artifacts and landmarks.

The Holy Trinity Church at Dresden replaced two previous wooden structures that both burned. The present structure was erected in 1936, built out of fieldstone collected by the local parishioners. An architect from Minneapolis, Fabian Redmond, designed the building. A stonemason from Rugby ND, Edroy Patterson, directed volunteer workers.

Assisting in the building of the church were Andrew Bachman-head carpenter, Alphonse Hiltner, Stanley Koehmstedt and William Geisen.

Geography

Cavalier County is located on the north edge of North Dakota. Its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of Canada. The Pembina River enters from Manitoba and flows southeasterly through the eastern part of the county, exiting near the SE corner. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds in the western part. [9] The terrain slopes to the east, with its highest point near the midpoint of the south boundary line at 1,644' (501m) ASL. [10] The county has a total area of 1,510 square miles (3,900 km2), of which 1,489 square miles (3,860 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (1.4%) is water. [11]

Major highways

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities

Lakes [9]

  • Rush Lake

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18906,471
190012,58094.4%
191015,65924.5%
192015,555−0.7%
193014,554−6.4%
194013,923−4.3%
195011,840−15.0%
196010,064−15.0%
19708,213−18.4%
19807,636−7.0%
19906,064−20.6%
20004,831−20.3%
20103,993−17.3%
Est. 20173,762 [12]−5.8%
US Decennial Census [13]
1790-1960 [14] 1900-1990 [15]
1990-2000 [16] 2010-2017 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 4,831 people, 2,017 households, and 1,361 families in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,725 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.10% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.5% were of German, 23.1% Norwegian and 6.4% French ancestry.

There were 2,017 households out of which 27.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 3.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.93.

The county population contained 24.60% under the age of 18, 3.70% from 18 to 24, 21.30% from 25 to 44, 27.50% from 45 to 64, and 22.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,868, and the median income for a family was $39,601. Males had a median income of $28,886 versus $19,647 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,817. About 7.80% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 3,993 people, 1,818 households, and 1,142 families in the county. [17] The population density was 2.7 inhabitants per square mile (1.0/km2). There were 2,309 housing units at an average density of 1.6 per square mile (0.62/km2). [18] The racial makeup of the county was 97.7% white, 0.9% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population. [17] In terms of ancestry, 44.5% were German, 28.8% were Norwegian, 10.8% were American, 5.8% were Irish, 5.7% were Swedish, and 5.4% were English. [19]

Of the 1,818 households, 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.2% were non-families, and 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age was 50.3 years. [17]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,786 and the median income for a family was $57,066. Males had a median income of $41,885 versus $26,914 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,468. About 6.1% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. [20]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities [9]

Townships

  • Alma
  • Banner
  • Billings
  • Bruce
  • Byron
  • Cypress
  • Dresden
  • Easby
  • East Alma
  • Elgin
  • Fremont
  • Glenila
  • Gordon
  • Grey
  • Harvey
  • Hay
  • Henderson
  • Hope
  • Huron
  • Langdon
  • Linden
  • Loam
  • Manilla
  • Minto
  • Montrose
  • Moscow
  • Mount Carmel
  • Nekoma
  • North Loma
  • North Olga
  • Osford
  • Osnabrock
  • Perry
  • Seivert
  • South Dresden
  • South Olga
  • Storlie
  • Trier
  • Waterloo
  • West Hope

Politics

Cavalier County voters have been reliably Republican for several decades. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidatek (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [21]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.7% 1,357 23.7% 476 8.6% 173
2012 57.8% 1,195 39.5% 818 2.7% 56
2008 53.0% 1,128 43.7% 930 3.4% 72
2004 62.3% 1,522 36.3% 887 1.4% 35
2000 63.8% 1,513 26.1% 618 10.1% 240
1996 47.9% 1,188 37.9% 941 14.3% 354
1992 48.9% 1,527 27.7% 866 23.5% 733
1988 60.6% 2,096 38.6% 1,333 0.8% 28
1984 70.0% 2,661 29.2% 1,110 0.9% 33
1980 64.9% 2,582 27.8% 1,105 7.3% 290
1976 47.6% 2,046 50.7% 2,178 1.8% 76
1972 60.1% 2,898 38.7% 1,867 1.2% 59
1968 50.9% 1,953 42.5% 1,631 6.7% 257
1964 33.5% 1,417 66.4% 2,810 0.1% 4
1960 51.2% 2,430 48.8% 2,312 0.0% 1
1956 57.0% 2,450 42.8% 1,836 0.2% 9
1952 69.7% 3,519 29.6% 1,496 0.7% 37
1948 44.8% 1,864 52.9% 2,198 2.3% 96
1944 46.7% 2,011 52.8% 2,274 0.5% 23
1940 50.6% 2,845 49.1% 2,757 0.3% 16
1936 28.5% 1,657 60.8% 3,533 10.7% 619
1932 27.8% 1,471 71.3% 3,770 0.8% 44
1928 54.9% 3,068 44.9% 2,510 0.3% 14
1924 54.7% 2,428 12.1% 539 33.2% 1,476
1920 79.2% 3,936 19.7% 981 1.1% 52
1916 55.1% 1,502 42.1% 1,149 2.8% 76
1912 24.1% 561 40.0% 932 36.0% 838
1908 55.1% 1,528 42.9% 1,190 2.1% 57
1904 66.8% 1,664 30.9% 771 2.3% 57
1900 51.3% 1,361 45.7% 1,211 3.0% 79

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ ND Certificate of Death for Charles Cavalier, died 4 August 1902 in Pembina County (accessed 16 February 2019)
  4. ^ Cavaleer or Cavalier was a fur trader, customs agent and postmaster. [North Dakota Secretary of State (1989). North Dakota Centennial Blue Book. Bismarck: North Dakota Legislative Assembly. p. 484.] There is no explanation for the difference in the spelling; one placename historian suspects it was an attempt to Gallicize, or make the name appear French.[Williams, Mary Ann (Barnes) (1966). Origins of North Dakota Place Names. Bismarck: Bismarck Tribune, 1966. p. 221. OCLC  431626.]
  5. ^ a b Long, John H. (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on 11 November 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  6. ^ "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  7. ^ Wick, Douglas A. (1988). North Dakota Place Names. Bismarck: Hedemarken Collectibles. p. 109. ISBN  0-9620968-0-6. OCLC  191277027.
  8. ^ Cavalier County (website)
  9. ^ a b c Cavalier County ND Google Maps (accessed 16 February 2019)
  10. ^ "Find an Altitude/Cavalier County ND" Google Maps (accessed 16 February 2019)
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  15. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  17. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  18. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  19. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  20. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 12 April 2018.


CAVALIER COUNTY NORTH DAKOTA Latitude and Longitude:

48°46′N 98°28′W / 48.77°N 98.46°W / 48.77; -98.46