Buffalo County, Nebraska Article

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Buffalo County, Nebraska
Buffalo County Courthouse (Nebraska) 3.jpg
Buffalo County Courthouse in Kearney
Map of Nebraska highlighting Buffalo County
Location in the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded1870
Named for American bison
Seat Kearney
Largest cityKearney
Area
 • Total975 sq mi (2,525 km2)
 • Land968 sq mi (2,507 km2)
 • Water7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015)48,863
 • Density48/sq mi (19/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.buffalogov.org

Buffalo County is a county in the state of Nebraska in the Midwestern United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,102, [1] making it Nebraska's fifth-most populous county. Its county seat is Kearney. [2] The county was created in 1855 [3] and later organized in 1870. [4] [5] It was named after the then-prevalent buffalo herds. [6]

Buffalo County is part of the Kearney, NE Micropolitan Statistical Area.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Buffalo County is represented by the prefix 9; when the license plate system was established in 1922, the county ranked ninth in number of registered vehicles.

History

The Union Pacific Railroad came to the area in 1866; [7] with additional settlers, the need to establish government was realized. Patrick Walsh, Martin Slattery, and a Sergeant Cody petitioned the governor to organize Buffalo County in 1869. [7] Wood River Centre (Shelton) was selected through election to be the county seat. Within a year, the seat was moved to Gibbon. [8] In 1874, the current seat of Kearney was voted to be the seat of the county. [9]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 975 square miles (2,530 km2), of which 968 square miles (2,510 km2) is land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (0.7%) is water. [10]

Major highways

Protected area

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860114
187019369.3%
18807,5313,802.1%
189022,162194.3%
190020,254−8.6%
191021,9078.2%
192023,7878.6%
193024,3382.3%
194023,655−2.8%
195025,1346.3%
196026,2364.4%
197031,22219.0%
198034,79711.5%
199037,4477.6%
200042,25912.9%
201046,1029.1%
Est. 201649,383 [11]7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790-1960 [13] 1900-1990 [14]
1990-2000 [15] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the census [16] of 2000, there were 42,259 people, 15,930 households, and 10,227 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 16,830 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.18% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.20% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 4.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.5% were of German, 8.1% Irish, 7.8% English, 6.8% American and 5.3% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 15,930 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 17.80% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 19.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,782, and the median income for a family was $46,247. Males had a median income of $30,182 versus $21,977 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,510. About 6.30% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Map of Buffalo County

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ (10 March 2009) Buffalo County says 1855 was the date, Kearney Hub, Retrieved November 10, 2010
  4. ^ Andreas, A. T. (1882). "Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska". The Kansas Collection. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  5. ^ "Buffalo County Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey" (PDF). Nebraska State Historical Society. August 1, 1993. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  6. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lillian L. (1960). Nebraska Place-Names. University of Nebraska Press. p. 24.
  7. ^ a b Bassett, Samuel Clay (1916). Buffalo County, Nebraska, and its people: a record of settlement, organization, progress and achievement, Volume 1. Chicago: The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 145–161. OCLC  3358457.
  8. ^ Duncan, Douglas. "Shelton - Buffalo County". Virtual Nebraska. Consortium for the Application of Space Data to Education (CASDE). Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  9. ^ Bowman, J. R. (1882). Shearer, Frederick E., ed. The Pacific tourist. J.R. Bowman's illustrated transcontinental guide of travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. New York: J.R. Bowman. p. 33. OCLC  752667534. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links



BUFFALO COUNTY NEBRASKA Latitude and Longitude:

40°52′N 99°04′W / 40.86°N 99.07°W / 40.86; -99.07