|Borden County, Texas|
Borden County Courthouse in Gail
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Gail Borden, Jr.|
|• Total||906 sq mi (2,347 km2)|
|• Land||897 sq mi (2,323 km2)|
|• Water||8.6 sq mi (22 km2), 1.0%|
|• ( 2010)||641|
|• Density||0.7/sq mi (0.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/ −5|
Borden County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 641,  making it the fourth-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Gail.  The county was created in 1876 and later organized in 1891.  Gail and Borden County are named for Gail Borden, Jr., businessman, publisher, surveyor, and inventor of condensed milk. Borden County is one of six prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas. 
Borden County was created in 1876 from Bosque County and named for Gail Borden, Jr., the inventor of condensed milk. Borden was publisher and editor of the Telegraph and Texas Register, as well as a political leader in the Republic of Texas. The county was organized in 1891, and Gail was made the county seat. 
Farmers and ranchers settled the county, but the population remained relatively small. In 1902, Texas placed lands in the public domain and spurred a land rush in Borden County. Many of the newcomers grew cotton. 
Borden County has had two courthouses, one built in 1890. The current courthouse is of brick and cement construction and was erected in 1939. The architect was David S. Castle Co. 
Oil was discovered in the county in 1949. By 1991, more than 340,000,000 barrels (54,000,000 m3) of petroleum had been taken out of Borden County since discovery in 1949. 
- Garza County (north)
- Scurry County (east)
- Mitchell County (southeast)
- Howard County (south)
- Dawson County (west)
- Lynn County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010  2010–2014 
As of the census  of 2000, there were 729 people, 292 households, and 216 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.80 people per square mile (0.31/km²). There were 435 housing units at an average density of 0.48 per square mile (0.19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.53% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 6.31% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. 11.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 292 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,205, and the median income for a family was $36,458. Males had a median income of $25,556 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,364. 14.00% of the population and 11.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.30% are under the age of 18 and 11.60% are 65 or older.
The county is served by nearby radio stations KBXJ (FM) and KPET (AM), and the various Midland and Odessa radio and TV stations.
The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Borden County are:  · English - 17% · Irish - 15% · German - 12% · Mexican - 9% · French (except Basque) - 3% · Scotch-Irish - 3% · Other Hispanic or Latino - 3% · Scottish - 2% · Spanish - 1% · American Indian tribes, specified - 1%
The county is served mostly by Borden County Independent School District. The district offers kindergarten through twelfth grade. Borden County School is among the few public schools in Texas to receive a distinguished GreatSchools Rating of 9 out of 10.  Many of the teachers reside in board-owned housing in Gail. The school offers six-man football,  basketball,  baseball, tennis, softball, UIL, FFA and track.
The weekly newspaper, the Borden Star, covers events for the school and county.
There are no incorporated towns in Borden County, Texas.
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- Borden County government
- Borden County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Borden County from the Texas Almanac
- Borden County from the TXGenWeb Project
- Borden County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
- Photos of West Texas and Llano Estacado