Boone County, Illinois Article

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Boone County, Illinois
Floyd Hopkins Block (7937909994).jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Boone County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1837
Named for Daniel Boone
Seat Belvidere
Largest cityBelvidere
Area
 • Total288 sq mi (746 km2)
 • Land286 sq mi (741 km2)
 • Water2.3 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • ( 2010)54,165
 • Density193/sq mi (75/km2)
Congressional district 16th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.boonecountyil.org

Boone County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,165. [1] Its county seat is Belvidere. [2]

Boone County is included in the Rockford, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Boone County was formed in 1837 out of Winnebago County. It was named for Kentucky frontiersman Daniel Boone. [3] The first non-Native American settlers arrived in what is now Boone County in 1835. They arrived as a result of the end of the Black Hawk War as well as the completion of the Erie Canal. They consisted entirely of settlers from New England. These were " Yankee" settlers, that is to say they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the colonial era. They were primarily members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Boone County. When the New England settlers arrived in what is now Boone County there was nothing but a dense virgin forest and wild prairie. In the late 1870s immigrants began arriving from Germany and Ireland. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 282 square miles (730 km2), of which 281 square miles (730 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) (0.5%) is water. [5]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Logan Avenue county route 40 Genoa Road (T-40) Garden Prairie Road county route 41 Poplar Grove Road county route 32 Capron Road (T-41)

Climate and weather

Belvidere, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.5
 
 
28
11
 
 
1.3
 
 
33
16
 
 
2.4
 
 
45
26
 
 
3.7
 
 
59
37
 
 
4.1
 
 
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47
 
 
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3.9
 
 
85
62
 
 
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3.3
 
 
75
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63
39
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
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33
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Belvidere have ranged from a low of 11 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.29 inches (33 mm) in February to 4.56 inches (116 mm) in June. [6]

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Boone County.
Historical population
Census Pop.
18401,705
18507,624347.2%
186011,67853.2%
187012,94210.8%
188011,508−11.1%
189012,2036.0%
190015,79129.4%
191015,481−2.0%
192015,322−1.0%
193015,078−1.6%
194015,2020.8%
195017,07012.3%
196020,32619.1%
197025,44025.2%
198028,63012.5%
199030,8067.6%
200041,78635.6%
201054,16529.6%
Est. 201653,503 [7]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 54,165 people, 18,505 households, and 14,273 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 193.0 inhabitants per square mile (74.5/km2). There were 19,970 housing units at an average density of 71.1 per square mile (27.5/km2). [5] The racial makeup of the county was 84.4% white, 2.0% black or African American, 1.3% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 9.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.2% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 13.7% were Irish, 9.2% were English, 8.6% were American, 7.7% were Italian, 7.1% were Swedish, and 5.0% were Polish. [13]

Of the 18,505 households, 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.9% were non-families, and 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.32. The median age was 36.8 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $61,210 and the median income for a family was $69,380. Males had a median income of $53,581 versus $34,651 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,105. About 7.9% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Education

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Townships

Boone County is divided into these nine townships:

Politics

As a historic Yankee settlement, Boone County in its early years was a major base for the Free Soil Party, being one of nine Illinois counties to vote for Martin van Buren in 1848. Its Free Soil affinities meant Boone became one of the first strongholds of the Republican Party and remained overwhelmingly Republican for the following century, although it did vote for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 when the Republican Party was severely split. Between at least 1892 and 1928 no Democratic Presidential candidate ever managed twenty percent of the county's vote, and in the century up to 1960 no Democrat reached thirty percent – a degree of GOP loyalty comparable to such famous bastions as Owsley County in Kentucky, Grant County in West Virginia, or Avery County in North Carolina. Even Barry Goldwater, who alienated the Yankee Northeast so much as to lose all but one county there, still won Boone County by 15.6 percentage points, and between 1968 and 1988 no Democrat did better than Jimmy Carter’s 40.2 percent.

The shift of the Republican Party towards an expanded Southern and Western base, and particularly its growing strength with social conservatives, alienated the Yankee North during the 1990s and 2000s, but Boone County remained in Republican hands. The candidacy of Ross Perot in 1992 and 1996 caused George H. W. Bush and Bob Dole both to win Boone County with mere pluralities against Bill Clinton, and in 2008, Illinois resident Barack Obama became the only Democrat to carry the county since James K. Polk in 1844. The 2010s have seen a reversal of this Democratic trend due to concern over employment declines in the “ Rust Belt“, so that Donald Trump’s 2016 showing was the best by a Republican since 1988.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 53.4% 12,282 39.1% 8,986 7.5% 1,733
2012 51.8% 11,096 46.1% 9,883 2.2% 462
2008 46.8% 10,403 51.0% 11,333 2.3% 502
2004 57.0% 11,132 42.4% 8,286 0.6% 123
2000 55.5% 8,617 41.8% 6,481 2.7% 425
1996 47.5% 6,181 41.1% 5,345 11.4% 1,483
1992 41.0% 5,589 37.5% 5,114 21.5% 2,924
1988 61.7% 6,923 37.7% 4,234 0.6% 65
1984 66.7% 7,536 32.9% 3,717 0.5% 53
1980 57.7% 6,697 27.3% 3,175 15.0% 1,742
1976 58.4% 6,470 40.2% 4,458 1.4% 154
1972 68.9% 7,003 30.8% 3,131 0.3% 31
1968 62.3% 5,936 29.4% 2,801 8.4% 796
1964 57.8% 5,053 42.2% 3,694
1960 71.5% 6,552 28.4% 2,605 0.1% 5
1956 78.0% 6,706 22.0% 1,890 0.1% 6
1952 74.2% 6,628 25.6% 2,287 0.2% 17
1948 71.4% 4,916 28.2% 1,941 0.4% 25
1944 73.2% 5,708 26.6% 2,074 0.2% 18
1940 73.3% 6,330 26.4% 2,277 0.3% 25
1936 67.0% 5,375 29.7% 2,383 3.3% 264
1932 69.2% 5,244 29.6% 2,239 1.2% 92
1928 81.0% 5,965 18.6% 1,371 0.5% 33
1924 75.4% 4,872 5.4% 348 19.3% 1,244
1920 89.4% 5,386 8.2% 496 2.4% 143
1916 77.6% 5,181 18.1% 1,211 4.3% 286
1912 37.0% 1,361 14.7% 540 48.4% 1,781
1908 76.1% 2,805 15.9% 587 8.0% 296
1904 84.7% 3,036 8.4% 302 6.9% 247
1900 79.6% 3,159 17.7% 704 2.7% 108
1896 80.9% 3,111 17.1% 657 2.0% 78
1892 73.8% 1,994 19.2% 518 7.0% 189

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ History of the Origin of the Place Names in Nine Northwestern States. 1908. p. 12.
  4. ^ The Past and Present of Boone County, Illinois. Chicago: H. F. Kett & Company, 1877, p. 226.
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Belvidere, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.

Further reading

External links


BOONE COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

42°20′N 88°49′W / 42.33°N 88.81°W / 42.33; -88.81