Begusarai Article

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Begusarai
City
Begusarai is located in Bihar
Begusarai
Begusarai
Location of Begusarai in Bihar
Begusarai is located in India
Begusarai
Begusarai
Begusarai (India)
Begusarai is located in Asia
Begusarai
Begusarai
Begusarai (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13
BEGUSARAI Latitude and Longitude:

25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13
Country  India
State Bihar
District Begusarai
Elevation
41 m (135 ft)
Population
(2017)
 • Total289,809
Language
 • Official Hindi [1]
 • Additional official Urdu [1]
 • Other Maithili
Time zone UTC+5:30 ( IST)
PIN CODE
851101 [2]
Telephone code06243
Vehicle registrationBR-09
Sex ratio0.9109 /
Lok Sabha constituency Begusarai
Vidhan Sabha constituency Begusarai
Website begusarai.bih.nic.in

Begusarai is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district lies on the northern bank of river Ganga. It is located at Latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. It was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District In 1972.

Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was once referred to as the "Leningrad of Bihar". [3]

Geography

Begusarai is located at 25°25′N 86°08′E / 25.42°N 86.13°E / 25.42; 86.13. [4] It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It has an area of 1879 square.Begusarai lies in North Bihar and is surrounded by Khagaria in North-East, Munger in South-East, Patna in West and Samastipur in North-West. [5]

Begusarai lies in the middle of the mid Ganga plain and generally has low lying terrain with South to South Easterly slope. [6] Begusarai is basically divided in three flood plains namely :1) Ganga Flood Plain 2) Burhi Gandak Flood plain 3) Kareha- Bagmati Flood Plain.

Economy

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy. The main cash crops of Begusarai district are oilseeds, aniseed/ tisi, tobacco, jute, potato, red chillies, tomato and rape-seed.In Fruits Farming Begusarai has recently became a major contributor in producing Litchi, Mango, Guava and Banana. Recently Basil Leaves [7] and Pearl [8] farming has attracted local farmers.

Even today, only Barauni refinery contributes around Rs 500 crore [9] to the state exchequer yearly.

Simaria

Simaria: Situated on the South Eastern boundary of Begusarai, it is the birthplace of Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh “Dinkar”. It is also famous for Simaria Mela, a fair of devotional importance during the month of Kartik every year according to Indian Panchang (usually during November). It has a famous bridge "Simaria Pul" which provides both Rail and Road connectivity to this place. Recently "Ardhakumbha" a devotional congregation was held here in 2011 in an attempt to reestablish the lost importance of other 8 places where Kumbha was held according to scriptures. [10]Not only "Ardhakumbha" but recently "Maha-kumbha" was also held here in November, 2017. And finally simariya along with Begusarai again come with a flying colours to re-write its story in the field of spiritual.

Notable people

Demographics

As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females with sex ratio at 875. The population younger than 5 years of age was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.35%. [11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  2. ^ 851101
  3. ^ N.K."Dhiraj" (2009-03-23). "ULB launches poll campaign". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Begusarai
  5. ^ "Welcome to Begusarai District". www.begusarai.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-04.
  6. ^ The Subsurface Geology of the Indo-Gangetic plains M.B.R Rao, 1973, no:-3, vol-14, Journal of the Geological Society of India, pp-217-242.
  7. ^ "Farming of Basil Leaves In Begusarai". Live Hindustan. LiveHindustan.com. 5 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  8. ^ "Pearl harvesting made this farmer a role model for others in his village". english.pradesh18.com. Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  9. ^ "Making of Begusarai was by choice, not accident - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  10. ^ "सिमरिया अर्द्ध कुंभ: नए युग का सूत्रपात". aajtak.intoday.in (in Hindi). Retrieved 2016-08-21.
  11. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16.

External links