|Baylor County, Texas|
The Baylor County Courthouse in Seymour
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Henry Weidner Baylor|
|• Total||901 sq mi (2,334 km2)|
|• Land||867 sq mi (2,246 km2)|
|• Water||34 sq mi (88 km2), 3.7%|
|• ( 2010)||3,726|
|• Density||4.3/sq mi (1.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/ −5|
Baylor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,726.  Its county seat is Seymour.  The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1879.  It is named for Henry Weidner Baylor, a surgeon in the Texas Rangers during the Mexican–American War.
Baylor County is not to be confused with Baylor University, which is located about 230 miles southeast in McLennan County, nor should its namesake be confused with Confederate Colonel George W. Baylor, who fought in Louisiana during the American Civil War. 
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 901 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 867 square miles (2,250 km2) is land and 34 square miles (88 km2) (3.7%) is covered by water. 
Baylor County is part of the Texas Red Beds, which are a strata of red-colored sedimentary rock from the Early Permian. The fossils of Permian-era vertebrates in the Texas Red Beds were first discovered by Edward Drinker Cope in 1877.   Subsequent research has revealed rare fossils of Permian-era amphibians like Trimerorhachis,  as well as rich deposits of other Permian tetrapods such as Dimetrodon and Diadectes.  Seymouria baylorensis, a species of Seymouria, was first discovered and named after Baylor County and the city of Seymour. 
|U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010  2010–2014 
As of the census  of 2000, 4,093 people, 1,791 households, and 1,156 families resided in the county. The population density was five people per square mile (2/km²). The 2,820 housing units averaged three per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.96% White, 3.35% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 3.32% from other races] and 1.15% from two or more races; 9.33% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 1,791 households, 25.2% had children under the age of 18 residing in them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were not families. In addition, 33.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the county, the population was distributed as 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,627, and for a family was $34,583. Males had a median income of $21,607 versus $19,571 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,384. About 16.1% of the population and 12.9% of families were below the poverty line, and 26.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
According to the 2000 census, 21.2% of those aged over 25 did not have a high school diploma, while 32.7% did. Roughly 8.7% of the population had a bachelor's degree, 2.3% had a master's degree, and 0.2% had a doctoral degree. No males had doctoral degrees, while 0.4% of females had one.
Almost all of Baylor County is served by the Seymour Independent School District, which also serves portions of adjacent counties. A small portion is served by the Olney Independent School District. The OISD portion was served by the Megargel Independent School District until MISD closed after May 2006.
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- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
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- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baylor County, Texas.|
- Baylor County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Baylor County from the Texas Almanac
- Baylor County from the TXGenWeb Project
- Baylor County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
- Baylor County Website