Battle of Athens State Historic Site Article

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Battle of Athens State Historic Site
Map showing the location of Battle of Athens State Historic Site
Map showing the location of Battle of Athens State Historic Site
Location in Missouri
Map showing the location of Battle of Athens State Historic Site
Map showing the location of Battle of Athens State Historic Site
Battle of Athens State Historic Site (the US)
LocationSweet Home Twp, Clark, Missouri, United States
Coordinates 40°35′16″N 91°42′14″W / 40.58778°N 91.70389°W / 40.58778; -91.70389
BATTLE OF ATHENS STATE HISTORIC SITE Latitude and Longitude:

40°35′16″N 91°42′14″W / 40.58778°N 91.70389°W / 40.58778; -91.70389
Area408.5 acres (165.3 ha) [1]
Established1975 [2]
Governing bodyMissouri Department of Natural Resources
Website Battle of Athens State Historic Site

Battle of Athens State Historic Site is located in Clark County, Missouri, along the banks of the Des Moines River. It is the site of the Battle of Athens. The historic site and open-air museum interpret the battle and its aftermath. [3] It is one of the northernmost places in the state.

History

The once-thriving river village of Athens, Missouri, had up to fifty businesses and a large mill in antebellum times. [4] In July 1861, it was occupied by pro- Union forces of the Missouri Home Guard. Wanting to seize the strategically important village for the Confederacy, elements of the pro-Southern Missouri State Guard attacked on August 5, 1861. Despite being outnumbered by more than 3-to-1, the Home Guard emerged victorious. A small action when compared to other battles, with casualties light, nonetheless it holds the distinction of being the northernmost Civil War battle west of the Mississippi River. Following the battle, many bitter feelings remained among residents. This along with the coming of railroads and less reliance on river shipping sealed the fate of Athens. By the turn of the 20th century Athens was a veritable ghost town. In 1962, remaining area residents worked together to create the Battle of Athens Park, which was donated to the state of Missouri in 1975. [4] [5]

Activities and amenities

In addition to interpretive programs and free tours of the Thome-Benning House, the site offers facilities for camping and fishing plus three picnicking areas and two hiking trails. [3]

References

  1. ^ "Battle of Athens State Historic Site: Data Sheet" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. November 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  2. ^ "State Park Land Acquisition Summary". Missouri State Parks. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Battle of Athens State Historic Site". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Battle of Athens State Historic Site: General Information". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  5. ^ "Visitors Guide to the Battle of Athens State Historic Site". Elsah, Illinois: greatriverroad.com. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

External links