Augustus Hall Article

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Augustus Hall
Augustus Hall, 1854-1904 Nebraskans.png
Augustus Hall, 1854-1904 Nebraskans
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 1st district
In office
1855–1857
Preceded by Bernhart Henn
Succeeded by Samuel Ryan Curtis
Personal details
Born(1814-04-29)April 29, 1814
Batavia, New York, U.S.
DiedFebruary 1, 1861(1861-02-01) (aged 46)
Bellevue, Nebraska, U.S.
Resting place Prospect Hill Cemetery, North Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
Political party Democratic

Augustus Hall (April 29, 1814 – February 1, 1861), a lawyer, was a one-term Democratic U.S. Representative from Iowa's 1st congressional district, and chief justice of the Nebraska Territory.

Biography

Born in Batavia, New York, Hall was the son of Samuel Hall, who commanded a colonial company in the War of 1812 and was a member of the Whig Party. [1] He attended the common schools and Middleburgh (New York) Academy, and studied law. [2] He was admitted to the bar in 1836 and commenced practice in Mount Pleasant, Ohio (according to some sources) [1] or Mount Vernon, Ohio (according to his congressional biography). [2] Hall served as assistant United States marshal in 1839, and prosecuting attorney of Union County from 1840 to 1842. [2] In 1844 he moved to Keosauqua, a settlement in the southeast area of what was then Iowa Territory, and later the state of Iowa when Iowa was admitted to the Union in 1846. In 1852 he was chosen by the Democrats as one of the presidential electors and cast his vote for Franklin Pierce, who had carried Iowa. [3]

In 1854, Hall was elected as a Democrat to represent Iowa's 1st congressional district in the U.S. House, defeating Whig candidate R. L. B. Clark. [3] He served in the Thirty-fourth Congress, from March 4, 1855 to March 3, 1857. The 1854 election was the last before the establishment of the Iowa Republican Party, which for decades thereafter dominated most congressional elections in Iowa. In 1856 Hall won the Democratic nomination, [4] but was defeated in the general election by Republican Samuel Curtis.

In 1858, President Buchanan appointed Hall as chief justice of the Nebraska Territory, [2] which then encompassed a vast area west of the Missouri River (to the western edge of the Louisiana Purchase) and north of Kansas Territory (to the Canada–US border). [3] Upon his appointment he immediately moved to Bellevue, Nebraska. [1] He was Chief Justice until his death in Bellevue on February 1, 1861. [2] He was interred in Prospect Hill Cemetery in North Omaha.

Hall and his wife, Jane B. Smith Hall, were the parents of Richard Smith Hall, who became a leading Omaha attorney. [1] Hall was also the father of the horticulturalist Theodosia Burr Shepherd. [5]

Hall County, Nebraska, where Grand Island is located, was reportedly named for Chief Justice Hall, [1] although some attribute the name to a local citizen. [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Julius Sterling Morton, Albert Watkins, George L. Miller, " Illustrated History of Nebraska," Vol. 1. pp. 348 n.5, 413 (Cedar Rapids: Torch Press 1911).
  2. ^ a b c d e
    • United States Congress. "Augustus Hall (id: H000043)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ a b c Benjamin F. Gue, " History of Iowa From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century," Vol. 4 (Augustus Hall), pp. 114-15(1902).
  4. ^ Burlington Daily Hawk-Eye and Telegraph, 1856-06-23 at p. 2.
  5. ^ "Finding Aid for the Theodosia Burr Shepherd Papers, ca. 1900-1940". Online Archive of California. California Digital Library. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  6. ^ August F. Buechler, Robert J. Barr, Dale P. Stough, Bayard H Paine, " History of Hall County, Nebraska," p. 183 (Lincoln, Neb. : Western Publishing and Engraving Co., 1920).
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bernhart Henn
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 1st congressional district

1855–1857
Succeeded by
Samuel R. Curtis

 This article incorporates  public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.