Arbor Lodge State Historical Park and Arboretum Article

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Arbor Lodge State Historical Park
Wiki photos 091.jpg
Map showing the location of Arbor Lodge State Historical Park
Map showing the location of Arbor Lodge State Historical Park
Location in Nebraska
Map showing the location of Arbor Lodge State Historical Park
Map showing the location of Arbor Lodge State Historical Park
Arbor Lodge State Historical Park (the US)
Location Nebraska City, Otoe, Nebraska, United States
Coordinates 40°40′53″N 95°52′49″W / 40.68139°N 95.88028°W / 40.68139; -95.88028
ARBOR LODGE STATE HISTORICAL PARK AND ARBORETUM Latitude and Longitude:

40°40′53″N 95°52′49″W / 40.68139°N 95.88028°W / 40.68139; -95.88028
[1]
Area74 acres (30 ha)
Elevation1,066 ft (325 m) [1]
Established1923
Governing body Arbor Day Foundation
Website Smith Falls State Park
Arbor Lodge
Arbor Lodge.jpg
The front of Arbor Lodge.
Location2600 Arbor Ave., Nebraska City, Nebraska
Area72 acres (29 ha)
Built1855 (1855)
ArchitectHouse: Jarvis Hunt
Grounds: Frederick Law Olmsted
Architectural styleColonial Revival
NRHP reference # 69000135
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 16, 1969 [2]
Designated NHLMay 15, 1975 [3]

Arbor Lodge State Historical Park and Arboretum is a mansion and arboretum located at 2600 Arbor Avenue, Nebraska City, Nebraska, United States. [4] The park is a National Historic Landmark listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1969. [2]

The 52-room neo-colonial house began in 1855 for J. Sterling Morton, originator of Arbor Day and Secretary of Agriculture in the 1890s under President Grover Cleveland. The house was originally a modest 4-room frame structure on 160 acres (65 ha). It was extended several times, most recently in 1903, and in later years served as the summer home for his son Joy Morton, founder of Morton Salt Company. The mansion features Victorian and Empire furnishings, many of which were owned by the Mortons. Its sun parlor contains a fine Tiffany skylight with grape trellis design.

Trees were a central interest of J. Sterling Morton. He imported trees from all over the country in order to test their suitability to create windbreaks and otherwise break up the monotony of the great plains. The house is surrounded by 270 varieties of trees and shrubs, including gardens, apple orchards, and acres of oaks, maples, chestnuts, and pines, including at least 10 state-champion trees. Specimen trees are typically labeled with engraved bronze plates. Over the years, many of Arbor Lodge's apple orchards were demolished, but in the 1990s their restoration began with plantings of winesaps, golden delicious, red delicious, jonathans, and jonadels.

Activities and amenities

The mansion functions as a museum and contains many items related to the early history of Nebraska, Otoe County, and Nebraska City. The park includes an arboretum, Italian terraced garden, log cabin, carriage house with early carriages, walking trails, and 200 varieties of lilacs. [5] Since 2014, the state park has been managed by the Arbor Day Foundation. [4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Arbor Lodge State Historical Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b "Arbor Lodge". NPGallery. National Park Service. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  3. ^ "Nebraska" (PDF). National Historic Landmarks Program. Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State. National Park Service. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Arbor Lodge State Historical Park". Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. Retrieved August 4, 2018.
  5. ^ "Attractions & Activities". Arbor Day Farm. Retrieved August 4, 2018.

External links