The Anchorage Metropolitan Statistical Area , as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of the Municipality of Anchorage and the Matanuska-Susitna Borough in the south central region of Alaska. 
As of the 2010 census, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) had a population of 380,821.  However, 2016 population estimates increase that number to more than 400,000.  This is a census definition only, and many of the settlements considered within the metropolitan area are in fact quite distant from the city center and may be very small and isolated, for example Lake Louise is about 170 miles (270 km) from Anchorage proper and has less than 50 year round residents.
- Places with more than 25,000 inhabitants
- Places with 10,000 to 25,000 inhabitants
- Places with 5,000 to 10,000 inhabitants
- Places with 2,500 to 5,000 inhabitants
- Places with 1,000 to 2,500 inhabitants
- Places with less than 1,000 inhabitants
- Buffalo Soapstone
- Eureka Roadhouse
- Glacier View
- Knik River
- Lake Louise
- Point MacKenzie
- Trapper Creek
- Unincorporated places (all less than 1,000 inhabitants)
As of the census of 2010,  there were 380,821 people residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 75.08% White, 4.88% African American, 6.95% Native American (a category that also includes Alaska Natives), 4.65% Asian, 0.78% Pacific Islander, 1.94% from other races, and 5.72% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.10% of the population.
The median income for a household in the MSA was $53,384, and the median income for a family was $60,311. Males had a median income of $43,287 versus $30,573 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $23,196.
- "Informed Alaskans". dhss.alaska.gov. Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. Retrieved 14 Nov 2015.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-01)". 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 23 Mar 2010. Archived from the original ( CSV) on 2010-06-15. Retrieved 24 Mar 2010.
- "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". United States Census Bureau. 11 Sep 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-06-27. Retrieved 11 Sep 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2011.