Anchor Point, Alaska Article

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Anchor Point, Alaska
CDP
Anchorpoint.jpg
Location of Anchor Point, Alaska
Location of Anchor Point, Alaska
Coordinates: 59°46′39″N 151°46′13″W / 59.77750°N 151.77028°W / 59.77750; -151.77028
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough Kenai Peninsula
Government
 • Borough mayor Mike Navarre [1]
 •  State senator Gary Stevens ( R)
 •  State rep. Paul Seaton (R)
Area
 • Total90.9 sq mi (235.4 km2)
 • Land90.8 sq mi (235.1 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation118 ft (36 m)
Population ( 2000)
 • Total1,845
Time zone UTC-9 ( Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code99556
Area code(s) 907
FIPS code02-03110
GNIS feature ID1412516

Anchor Point is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Kenai Peninsula Borough, in the U.S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,930. This is up from 1,845 in 2000. The community is located along the Sterling Highway, part of Alaska State Route 1. Anchor Point is the westernmost point in the North American highway system.

Sign designating North America's most westerly highway point.

History

The name Anchor Point comes from a legend that when James Cook discovered the area, he lost an anchor. Settlers came beginning in the early 1900s. [2]

Geography

Anchor Point is located at 59°46′39″N 151°46′13″W / 59.77750°N 151.77028°W / 59.77750; -151.77028 (59.777468, -151.770220). [3]

The town is the furthest west on the U.S. highway system. [4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 90.9 square miles (235 km2), of which 90.8 square miles (235 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.13%) is water.

Economy

A large portion of the Anchor Point economy relies on the Anchor River. Tourists come to fish the river during salmon runs in the summer. The river is also a source of coal. Along the coast, there are good spots for clam-digging, which draws tourists.

Education

Anchor Point is in the Kenai Peninsula Borough School District. The Chapman School is a pre-kindergarten through eighth grade school off the main highway. [5] Older students generally attend Homer High School.

The Anchor Point Public Library has one employee and its collection includes approximately 12,269 items. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188029
194020
195065225.0%
1960171163.1%
1970102−40.4%
1980226121.6%
1990866283.2%
20001,845113.0%
20101,9304.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

Anchor Point first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the Tinneh village of Laida. It was listed as the Anchor Point Mining Camp on the 1890 census, but along with Laida, was combined with the population of nearby Ninilchik, which had 81 residents in total. [8] It did not report again until the 1940 U.S. Census, then as Anchor Point Settlement. From 1950-onwards, it has reported as Anchor Point. It became a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 1,845 people, 711 households, and 467 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 20.3 people per square mile (7.8/km²). There were 979 housing units at an average density of 10.8/sq mi (4.2/km²).

The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.82% White, 3.36% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.60% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. 1.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 711 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.0[% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 115.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 113.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,094, and the median income for a family was $49,821. Males had a median income of $39,688 versus $26,731 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,668. About 8.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.

Parks

There are two Alaska State Parks units in the area around Anchor Point. Anchor River State Recreation Area stretches along the banks of the river and down to the beach. Five miles north of Anchor Point is the Stariski State Recreation Site, a small park with a campground on a bluff overlooking Cook Inlet. [10] [11]

References

  1. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 9.
  2. ^ Alaska Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation: "Anchor River State Recreation Area and Stariski State Recreation Site"
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ Christian, Phillip (2012). Journal of the Bicentennial Seward's Folly Expeditionary Force and Drinking Society. Raleigh, North Carolina, United States: lulu.com. p. 47. ISBN  1105853349.
  5. ^ Chapman School page at KPBSD website
  6. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Anchor Point Public Library". LibraryTechnology.org. Retrieved 2015-03-04.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  8. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=CRcwAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA2-PA164&lpg=RA2-PA164&dq=%22Annovokhamiut%22&source=bl&ots=3jqomx9q3R&sig=TsX_fqmmkfgJwWTn-gBdhSHbcJU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiQ35-3gNDUAhXmx4MKHXCqCBoQ6AEILzAF#v=onepage&q&f=false
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ Stariski SRS Alaska Department of Natural Resources
  11. ^ The Milepost, 2018 edition, page 561-562 ISBN  9781892154378

External links


ANCHOR POINT ALASKA Latitude and Longitude:

59°46′39″N 151°46′13″W / 59.777468°N 151.77022°W / 59.777468; -151.77022