American soccer clubs in international competitions Article

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This is a list of American soccer clubs in international competitions. American clubs have participated in competitive international soccer competitions since 1963, when New York Hungaria entered the 1963 CONCACAF Champions' Cup.

Unlike other major professional sports leagues in the United States, the winners of Major League Soccer are not universally considered to be world champions in their respective sport. Yearly, MLS teams will compete against other soccer clubs abroad in competitions to determine the champions of North America, the Americas, and the World.

Since 1963, American soccer clubs have won 2 CONCACAF Champions League titles, and finished runners-up twice.

Who qualifies for CONCACAF competitions

For the CONCACAF Champions League, four American soccer clubs are eligible for entry into the competition.

Competition Details Since Eligible clubs Ref.
MLS Cup champion Major League Soccer (Division I) championship 1996 20 [1]
Supporters Shield winner Major League Soccer regular season winner 2006 20 [2]
Conference regular season winner MLS Conference regular season champion of conference opposite of Shield winner 2014 10 or 11 [3] [4]
U.S. Open Cup champion Domestic cup competition 1963 96 [5]

In past competitions, such as the North American SuperLiga, the best teams based on regular season record to not qualify for the Champions League participated. [6] The tournament was held from 2007 to 2010.

Cups and finals

Competitive tournaments

CONCACAF Champions League / Champions Cup

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
D.C. United 1 0 1998
LA Galaxy 1 0 2000
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms 0 1 1984
Real Salt Lake 0 1 2011

North American SuperLiga (defunct)

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
New England Revolution 1 1 2008 2010
Houston Dynamo 0 1 2008
LA Galaxy 0 1 2007
Chicago Fire 0 1 2009

CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup / Giants Cup (defunct)

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
D.C. United 0 1 2001

Copa Interamericana (defunct)

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
D.C. United 1 0 1998

Friendly tournaments

Emirates Cup

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
New York Red Bulls 1 0 2011

International Champions Cup

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
New York Red Bulls 0 1 2015

La Manga Cup (defunct)

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
MetroStars 1 0 2004

Pan-Pacific Championship (defunct)

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Houston Dynamo 0 1 2008
LA Galaxy 0 1 2009

Full international record

Competitive tournaments only.

FIFA Club World Cup

Year Team Progress Aggregate Opponents Results
2001 LA Galaxy Group stage (cancelled) N/A Ghana Hearts of Oak, Japan Júbilo Iwata, Spain Real Madrid

Copa Interamericana (defunct)

Year Team Progress Aggregate Opponents Results
1998 D.C. United Winners 2–1 Brazil Vasco da Gama 0–1 at home, 2–0 away

CONCACAF Champions Cup / Champions League

The competition was named CONCACAF Champions' Cup until 2008–09, until it switched its name to CONCACAF Champions League.

Year Team Progress Aggregate Opponents Results
1962 None entered
1963 New York Hungaria Second round 0–2 Mexico Guadalajara 2–4 at home, 0–4 away
1967 Philadelphia Ukrainians Semifinals 1–3 El Salvador Alianza 1–2 at home, 0–1 away
1968 New York Greek American Second round 3–7 Mexico Toluca 2–3 at home, 1–4 away
1970 New York Greek American First round 0–6 Mexico Cruz Azul 0–1 at home, 0–5 away
1971 Elizabeth First round 0–2 Mexico Cruz Azul 0–0 at home, 0–2 away
Rochester Lancers Final round 4th Costa Rica Alajuelense, Guatemala Comunicaciones, Mexico Cruz Azul, Netherlands Antilles Estrella, Suriname Transvaal
1972 None entered
1973
1974 Maccabi Los Angeles First round N/A Bermuda Devonshire Colts, Bermuda North Village Rams (withdrew)
1975 None entered
1976 New York Inter-Giuliana First round 3–5 Canada Toronto Italia 1–2 at home, 2–3 away
1977 New York Inter-Giuliana First round N/A Mexico América Withdrew
1978 Maccabi Los Angeles First round N/A Mexico UNAM Withdrew
1979 Soccer Universidad A.C. First round 0–3 Mexico UANL 0–2 at home, 0–1 away
1980 Sacramento Gold First round 0–3 Mexico UNAM 0–1 at home, 0–2 away
Brooklyn Italians Second round 3–12 Mexico UNAM 2–3 at home, 0–9 away
1981 None entered
1982 New York Pancyprian-Freedoms First round N/A Mexico UNAM Withdrew
Brooklyn Italians First round N/A Honduras Vida Withdrew
1983 Detroit Express First round N/A El Salvador Independiente Withdrew
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms Second round 3–4 Mexico Atlante 1–1 at home, 2–3 away
1984 Jacksonville Tea Men First round N/A Honduras Vida Withdrew
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms Final N/A Haiti Violette Withdrew along with Mexico Guadalajara
1985 Chicago Croatian First round 0–6 Honduras Olimpia 0–4 at home, 0–2 away
1986 New York Greek American First round 0–2 Bermuda PHC Zebras 0–1 at home, 0–1 away
1987 St. Louis Kutis First round 0–4 Mexico Monterrey 0–1 at home, 0–3 away
San Pedro Yugoslavs First round 0–4 Mexico América 0–2 at home, 0–2 away
1988 Seattle Mitre Eagles First round 0–9 Mexico Cruz Azul 0–0 at home, 0–9 away
Washington Diplomats First round 2–4 Mexico Morelia 1–2 at home, 1–2 away
1989 San Francisco Greek-American First round 2–6 Mexico UNAM 1–1 at home, 1–5 away
St. Louis Busch First round 2–9 Mexico U de G 2–1 at home, 0–8 away
1990 New York Greek American First round 1–2 United States St. Petersburg Kickers 1–0 at home, 0–2 away
St. Petersburg Kickers Second round 0–1 Mexico América 0–0 at home, 0–1 away
1991 A.A.C. Eagles First round 1–4 Bermuda PHC Zebras 1–2 at home, 0–2 away
Brooklyn Italians Second round 1–6 Mexico U de G 1–3 at home, 0–3 away
1992 Dallas Rockets Round of 16 2–7 Mexico América 1–2 at home, 1–5 away
San Francisco Bay Blackhawks Quarterfinals 3–4 Mexico América 2–1 at home, 1–3 away
1993 Hercules First round 0–4 Belize Juventus 0–2 at home, 0–2 away
1994 Los Angeles Salsa First round 2–3 El Salvador Alianza 2–2 at home, 0–1 away
1995 None entered
1996 Seattle Sounders Final round 4th Mexico Cruz Azul, Guatemala Comunicaciones, Mexico Necaxa
1997 D.C. United Consolation match 2–2 Mexico Guadalajara
LA Galaxy Final 3–5 Mexico Cruz Azul
1998 Colorado Rapids Play-in round 3–4 Mexico Santos Laguna 1–0 at home, 2–4 away
D.C. United Winners 1–0 Mexico Toluca
1999 Chicago Fire Consolation match 2–2 United States D.C. United
D.C. United Consolation match 2–2 United States Chicago Fire
LA Galaxy Play-in round 1–1 (4–5 p) Mexico Necaxa
2000 D.C. United Consolation match 1–2 Mexico Pachuca
LA Galaxy Winners 3–2 Honduras Olimpia
2002 Chicago Fire Quarterfinals 2–3 Mexico Morelia 2–1 at home, 0–2 away
D.C. United Round of 16 2–5 Guatemala Comunicaciones 2–1 at home, 0–4 away
Kansas City Wizards Semifinals 2–7 Mexico Morelia 1–1 at home, 1–6 away
San Jose Earthquakes Quarterfinals 1–3 Mexico Pachuca 1–0 at home, 0–3 away
2003 Columbus Crew Quarterfinals 2–6 Mexico Morelia 2–0 at home, 0–6 away
LA Galaxy Quarterfinals 2–6 Mexico Necaxa 1–2 at home, 1–4 away
New England Revolution Round of 16 3–5 Costa Rica Alajuelense 3–1 at home, 0–4 away
San Jose Earthquakes Round of 16 4–5 Guatemala Municipal 2–1 at home, 2–4 away
2004 Chicago Fire Semifinals 2–3 Costa Rica Saprissa 2–1 at home, 0–2 away
San Jose Earthquakes Quarterfinals 1–3 Costa Rica Alajuelense 1–0 at home, 0–3 away
2005 D.C. United Semifinals 1–6 Mexico UNAM 1–1 at home, 0–5 away
Kansas City Wizards Quarterfinals 1–2 Costa Rica Saprissa 0–0 at home, 1–2 away
2006 LA Galaxy Quarterfinals 2–3 Costa Rica Saprissa 0–0 at home, 2–3 away
New England Revolution Quarterfinals 0–1 Costa Rica Alajuelense 0–0 at home, 0–1 away
2007 D.C. United Semifinals 2–3 Mexico Guadalajara 1–1 at home, 1–2 away
Houston Dynamo Semifinals 4–5 Mexico Pachuca 2–0 at home, 2–5 away
2008 D.C. United Semifinals 1–6 Mexico Pachuca 1–1 at home, 0–5 away
Houston Dynamo Semifinals 0–3 Costa Rica Saprissa 0–0 at home, 0–3 away
2008–09 Chivas USA Preliminary round 1–3 Panama Tauro 1–1 at home, 0–2 away
D.C. United 4th in group stage N/A Mexico Cruz Azul, Honduras Marathón, Costa Rica Saprissa
Houston Dynamo Quarterfinals 1–4 Mexico Atlante 1–1 at home, 0–3 away
New England Revolution Preliminary round 1–6 Trinidad and Tobago Joe Public 0–4 at home, 1–2 away
2009–10 Columbus Crew Quarterfinals 4–5 Mexico Toluca 2–2 at home, 2–3 away
D.C. United 3rd in group stage N/A Honduras Marathón, Trinidad and Tobago San Juan Jabloteh, Mexico Toluca
Houston Dynamo 3rd in group stage N/A Panama Árabe Unido, El Salvador Isidro Metapán, Mexico Pachuca
New York Red Bulls Preliminary round 3–4 Trinidad and Tobago W Connection 1–2 at home, 2–2 away
2010–11 Columbus Crew Quarterfinals 1–4 United States Real Salt Lake 0–0 at home, 1–4 away
LA Galaxy Preliminary round 3–5 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Islanders 1–4 at home, 2–1 away
Real Salt Lake Final 2–3 Mexico Monterrey 0–1 at home, 2–2 away
Seattle Sounders 4th in group stage N/A Honduras Marathón, Mexico Monterrey, Costa Rica Saprissa
2011–12 Colorado Rapids 3rd in group stage N/A El Salvador Isidro Metapán, Honduras Real España, Mexico Santos Laguna
LA Galaxy Quarterfinals 3–4 Canada Toronto FC 1–2 at home, 2–2 away
FC Dallas 3rd in group stage N/A Panama Tauro, Canada Toronto FC, Mexico UNAM
Seattle Sounders Quarterfinals 3–7 Mexico Santos Laguna 2–1 at home, 1–6 away
2012–13 LA Galaxy Semifinals 1–3 Mexico Monterrey 0–1 at home, 1–2 away
Houston Dynamo Quarterfinals 1–3 Mexico Santos Laguna 1–0 at home, 0–3 away
Real Salt Lake 2nd in group stage N/A Costa Rica Herediano, Panama Tauro
Seattle Sounders Semifinals 1–2 Mexico Santos Laguna 0–1 at home, 1–1 away
2013–14 Houston Dynamo 2nd in group stage N/A Panama Árabe Unido, Trinidad and Tobago W Connection
LA Galaxy Quarterfinals 3–4 Mexico Tijuana 1–0 at home, 2–4 away
San Jose Earthquakes Quarterfinals 2–2 (4–5 p) Mexico Toluca 1–1 at home, 1–1 away
Sporting Kansas City Quarterfinals 2–5 Mexico Cruz Azul 1–0 at home, 1–5 away
2014–15 D.C. United Quarterfinals 4–6 Costa Rica Alajuelense 2–1 at home, 2–5 away
New York Red Bulls 2nd in group stage N/A Canada Montreal Impact, El Salvador FAS
Portland Timbers 2nd in group stage N/A Guyana Alpha United, Honduras Olimpia
Sporting Kansas City 2nd in group stage N/A Nicaragua Real Estelí, Costa Rica Saprissa
2015–16 D.C. United Quarterfinals 1–3 Mexico Querétaro 1–1 at home, 0–2 away
LA Galaxy Quarterfinals 0–4 Mexico Santos Laguna 0–0 at home, 0–4 away
Real Salt Lake Quarterfinals 1–3 Mexico UANL 1–1 at home, 0–2 away
Seattle Sounders Quarterfinals 3–5 Mexico América 2–2 at home, 1–3 away
2016–17 FC Dallas Semifinals 3–4 Mexico Pachuca 2–1 at home, 1–3 away
New York Red Bulls Quarterfinals 1–3 Canada Vancouver Whitecaps 1–1 at home, 0–2 away
Portland Timbers 2nd in group stage N/A El Salvador Dragón, Costa Rica Saprissa
Sporting Kansas City 2nd in group stage N/A Trinidad and Tobago Central, Canada Vancouver Whitecaps
2018 Colorado Rapids Round of 16 0–2 Canada Toronto FC 0–2 at home, 0–0 away
FC Dallas Round of 16 3–3 ( a) Panama Tauro 3–2 at home, 0–1 away
New York Red Bulls Semifinals 0–1 Mexico Guadalajara 0–0 at home, 0–1 away
Seattle Sounders Quarterfinals 1–3 Mexico Guadalajara 1–0 at home, 0–3 away

North American SuperLiga (defunct)

Year Team Progress Result Opponent(s)
2007 D.C. United Semifinals 0–2 United States LA Galaxy
FC Dallas 4th in group stage N/A Mexico Guadalajara, United States LA Galaxy, Mexico Pachuca
Houston Dynamo Semifinals 2–2 (3–4 p) Mexico Pachuca
LA Galaxy Final 1–1 (3–4 p) Mexico Pachuca
2008 Chivas USA 3rd in group stage N/A United States New England Revolution, Mexico Pachuca, Mexico Santos Laguna
D.C. United 4th in group stage N/A Mexico Atlante, Mexico Guadalajara, United States Houston Dynamo
Houston Dynamo Final 2–2 (5–6 p) United States New England Revolution
New England Revolution Winners 2–2 (6–5 p) United States Houston Dynamo
2009 Chicago Fire Final 1–1 (3–4 p) Mexico UANL
Chivas USA 4th in group stage N/A United States Chicago Fire, Mexico San Luis, Mexico UANL
Kansas City Wizards 4th in group stage N/A Mexico Atlas, United States New England Revolution, Mexico Santos Laguna
New England Revolution Semifinals 1–2 United States Chicago Fire
2010 Chicago Fire 3rd in group stage N/A Mexico Morelia, United States New England Revolution, Mexico UNAM
Chivas USA 3rd in group stage N/A United States Houston Dynamo, Mexico Pachuca, Mexico Puebla
Houston Dynamo Semifinals 0–1 Mexico Morelia
New England Revolution Final 1–2 Mexico Morelia

CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup / Giants Cup

Year Team Progress Aggregate Opponents Results
1991 Brooklyn Italians First round 1–6 Mexico U de G 0–3 at home, 1–3 away
1994 El Farolito Quarterfinals 1–5 Mexico Necaxa 0–0 at home, 1–5 away
1995 New York Greek American First round N/A Mexico Tecos Withdrew
1996 Richmond Kickers Second round N/A Guadeloupe Siroco Cancelled
1997 Dallas Burn 3rd in group stage N/A Mexico Cruz Azul, Mexico Necaxa
2001 Columbus Crew Quarterfinals 1–3 Costa Rica Saprissa 1–1 at home, 0–2 away
D.C. United Final 0–2 Mexico América

Copa Sudamericana

Year Team Progress Aggregate Opponents Results
2005 D.C. United Round of 16 3–4 Chile Universidad Católica 1–1 at home, 2–3 away
2007 D.C. United Round of 16 2–2 ( a) Mexico Guadalajara 2–1 at home, 0–1 away

Copa Merconorte

Year Team Progress Aggregate Opponents Results
2001 Kansas City Wizards 3rd in group stage N/A Ecuador Barcelona, Mexico Santos Laguna, Peru Sporting Cristal
MetroStars 3rd in group stage N/A Venezuela Deportivo Italchacao, Mexico Guadalajara, Colombia Millonarios

Appearances in CONCACAF competitions

As of April 19, 2018
Club Total [A] CL SL GC CWC Other First Appearance Last Appearance
Apps Pld W D L Win%
A.A.C. Eagles 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1991 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1991 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Brooklyn Italians 4 10 2 1 7 .250 3 0 1 0 0 1980 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1991 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup
Chicago Croatian 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1985 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1985 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Chicago Fire 5 19 10 3 6 .605 3 2 0 0 0 1999 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2010 North American SuperLiga
Chivas USA 4 11 2 4 5 .364 1 3 0 0 0 2008 North American SuperLiga 2010 North American SuperLiga
Colorado Rapids 3 10 3 2 5 .400 3 0 0 0 0 1998 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2018 CONCACAF Champions League
Columbus Crew 4 22 8 5 9 .477 3 0 1 0 0 2001 CONCACAF Giants Cup 2010–11 CONCACAF Champions League
Dallas Rockets 1 8 5 1 2 .688 1 0 0 0 0 1992 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1992 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
D.C. United 17 62 26 13 23 .524 12 2 1 0 2 1997 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2015–16 CONCACAF Champions League
Detroit Express 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1983 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1983 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
El Farolito 1 1 0 0 1 .000 0 0 1 0 0 1994 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup 1994 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup
Elizabeth 1 2 0 1 1 .250 1 0 0 0 0 1971 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1971 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
FC Dallas [B] 5 23 9 5 9 .500 3 1 1 0 0 1997 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup 2018 CONCACAF Champions League
Hercules 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1993 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1993 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Houston Dynamo 9 36 14 11 11 .542 6 3 0 0 0 2007 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2013–14 CONCACAF Champions League
Jacksonville Tea Men 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1984 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1984 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
LA Galaxy 12 51 23 14 14 .588 10 1 0 1 0 1997 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2015–16 CONCACAF Champions League
Los Angeles Salsa 1 2 0 1 1 .250 1 0 0 0 0 1994 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1994 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Maccabi Los Angeles 2 4 0 2 2 .250 2 0 0 0 0 1974 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1978 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
New England Revolution 6 18 9 5 6 .575 3 3 0 0 0 2003 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2010 North American SuperLiga
New York Greek American 5 13 3 0 10 .231 4 0 1 0 0 1968 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1995 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup
New York Hungaria 1 4 1 2 1 .500 1 0 0 0 0 1963 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1963 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
New York Inter-Giuliana 2 4 0 0 4 .000 2 0 0 0 0 1976 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1977 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
New York Pancyprian-Freedoms 3 16 4 7 5 .469 3 0 0 0 0 1982 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1984 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
New York Red Bulls [C] 5 24 9 7 7 .543 4 0 0 0 1 2001 Copa Merconorte 2018 CONCACAF Champions League
Philadelphia Ukrainians 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1967 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1967 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Portland Timbers 2 8 5 1 2 .688 2 0 0 0 0 2014–15 CONCACAF Champions League 2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League
Real Salt Lake 3 22 11 6 5 .636 3 0 0 0 0 2010–11 CONCACAF Champions League 2015–16 CONCACAF Champions League
Richmond Kickers 1 4 2 2 0 .750 0 0 1 0 0 1996 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup 1996 CONCACAF Cup Winners Cup
Rochester Lancers 1 7 3 2 2 .571 1 0 0 0 0 1971 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1971 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Sacramento Gold 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1980 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1980 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
San Francisco Bay Blackhawks 1 6 5 0 1 .833 1 0 0 0 0 1992 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1992 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
San Francisco Greek-American 1 2 0 1 1 .250 1 0 0 0 0 1989 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1989 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
San Jose Earthquakes 4 14 7 2 5 .571 4 0 0 0 0 2002 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2013–14 CONCACAF Champions League
San Pedro Yugoslavs 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Seattle Mitre Eagles 1 2 0 1 1 .250 1 0 0 0 0 1988 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1988 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Seattle Sounders [D] 6 35 17 5 15 .527 6 0 0 0 0 1996 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 2018 CONCACAF Champions League
Soccer Universidad 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1979 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1979 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
St. Louis Busch 1 2 1 0 1 .500 1 0 0 0 0 1989 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1989 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
St. Louis Kutis 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1987 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
St. Petersburg Kickers 1 3 1 0 2 .333 1 0 0 0 0 1990 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1990 CONCACAF Champions' Cup
Sporting Kansas City [E] 7 31 11 8 13 .469 5 1 0 0 1 2001 Copa Merconorte 2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League
Washington Diplomats 1 2 0 0 2 .000 1 0 0 0 0 1988 CONCACAF Champions' Cup 1988 CONCACAF Champions' Cup

Notes

  1. ^ For statistical purposes if a team withdrew or forfeited a match, each match that was withdrawn or forfeited is counted as a loss. Double forfeits are counted as a draw. Finally, matches where a team advanced because their opponent with draw are counted as a win for each match their opponent withdrew.
  2. ^ FC Dallas were branded as Dallas Burn from 1996–2004. [7]
  3. ^ New York Red Bulls were branded as MetroStars from 1994–2006. [8]
  4. ^ This includes CONCACAF and international records collectively held by the NASL Sounders, USL Sounders, and the MLS Sounders.
  5. ^ Sporting Kansas City were branded as Kansas City Wiz from 1995–1996, and Kansas City Wizards from 1996–2011. [9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2011–12 Champions League Qualification". CONCACAF. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
  2. ^ "Colorado clinch spot in 2017 CONCACAF Champions League, joining Dallas, TFC". MLSsoccer.com. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  3. ^ "Portland Timbers headed to 2014-15 CONCACAF Champions League after USSF rule change approved". mlssoccer.com. Major League Soccer. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  4. ^ "CONCACAF Approves U.S. Soccer's/MLS Request to Amend Their Qualification Process to CONCACAF Champions League". CONCACAF.com. December 13, 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  5. ^ "Qualifying Format Unveiled for 2008-09 CONCACAF Champions League" (Press release). New York City: Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football. May 14, 2008. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  6. ^ "'MLS announces competition changes for 2009'". 21 November 2008. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  7. ^ Hall, Cheryl (July 13, 2013). "Lamar Hunt's soccer vision a pipe dream no more, sons say". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
  8. ^ Jensen, Ric; Wang, Yawei. "How Do Fans React When Sports Teams Are Named After Corporations?". The Sport Journal. Retrieved December 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Pro Lax in Kansas City?!". Central Iowa Lacrosse & Sports Ramblings. November 22, 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013.

External links