Amana German (
German: Amana-Deutsch or Kolonie-Deutsch) is a dialect of
West Central German that is still spoken by several hundred people in the
Amana Colonies in
The Amana Colonies were founded in 1856 by
German origin who came from
West Seneca near
New York. Amana is derived from the
Hessian dialect, which is a West Central German dialect. There are seven villages in Amana with slightly different dialect features.
Even though the use of the language is in decline, it is far from being
moribund. There are several major studies about the language of Amana.
^ Philip E. Webber: Kolonie-Deutsch: Life and Language in Amana, Ames, 2006, page 14.
- Philip E. Webber: Kolonie-Deutsch: Life and Language in Amana. Ames, 2006.
- Michael T. Putnam: Anaphors in contact: The distribution of intensifiers and reflexives in Amana German in "Studies on German-language islands". Amsterdam et al., 2011.
- Lawrence L. Rettig: Grammatical structures in Amana German. Dissertation at the University of Iowa, 1970.
- Joan Liffring-Zug: Life in Amana: reporters' views of the communal way, 1867 - 1935. Iowa City, 1998.