|Alabama red-bellied cooter|
The Alabama red-bellied cooter (Pseudemys alabamensis) or Alabama red-bellied turtle, is native to Alabama.   It belongs to the turtle family Emydidae, the pond turtles. It is the official reptile of the state of Alabama. 
The red-belly inhabits the fresh to brackish waters of the Mobile-Tensaw River Delta in Mobile and Baldwin counties.  It feeds on aquatic vegetation  and can be found sunning itself on logs. Nesting of the red-bellied turtle occurs from May through July. Female turtles lay their eggs on dry land, digging nests in sandy soil, where 4 to 9 eggs are laid. Hatchlings usually emerge during the summer. However, when the turtles nest in late July, hatchlings may overwinter in the nest and emerge the following spring.[ citation needed]
A mature female can be 14 inches, while a mature male can be 12 inches. 
In 2007, a 3.4 miles (5.5 km) chain-link fence has been constructed along part of the US 98 causeway ( Battleship Parkway) that separates the Mobile-Tensaw delta from Mobile Bay.  Hatchling deaths dropped 80% from 2007 to 2008.[ citation needed]
- Rhodin 2011, p. 000.181
- Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group (1996). "Pseudemys alabamensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1996: e.T18458A97296493. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T18458A8295960.en. Retrieved 9 January 2018. Listed as Endangered (EN B1+2c v2.3)
- Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 192. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- "Official Alabama Reptile". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2001-07-12. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title ( link)
- Southern Wonder: Alabama's Surprising Biodiversity by R. Scot Duncan, University of Alabama Press, 2013, page 367, ISBN 9780817357504
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pseudemys alabamensis.|
- Save the Alabama Red-bellied turtle—Alabama red-bellied turtle alliance