|Maintained by ALDOT|
|Length||73.978 mi  (119.056 km)|
|West end||SR 69 northwest of Florence|
Natchez Trace Parkway northwest of Florence|
US 43 / US 72 / SR 13 / SR 17 at Florence
US 72 Alt. / SR 157 at Muscle Shoals
SR 67 at Decatur
US 31 at Decatur
I-65 / I-565 / US 72 Alt. at Mooresville
|Counties||Lauderdale, Colbert, Lawrence, Morgan, Limestone|
State Route 20 (SR 20) is a 73.978-mile-long (119.056 km) state highway in the northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. It travels from the Tennessee state line, where it continues as ( Tennessee State Route 69, northwest of Florence, east to Interstate 65 (I-65), east of Decatur. It crosses the Tennessee River at Florence (with US 43, US 72, SR 17, and SR 157) and also at Decatur (with US 31 and US 72 Alt.)
US 72 Alt. follows SR 20 from the intersection with US 72 at Muscle Shoals to I-65 east of Decatur, the entire stretch being four-laned.
Alabama State Route 20 begins in Waterloo at the Tennessee state line. It junctions with the Natchez Trace Parkway and enters Florence. In Florence, the route junctions with AL-133. It continues south to parallel the Tennessee River, heading east for just a mile as Coffee Road before junctioning with U.S. 72 and U.S. 43 at a Parclo. It crosses the Tennessee River with the two routes, AL-17, and AL-13. This is a quintuple concurrency.
The routes enter Colbert County and Tuscumbia. The routes junction with AL-184. They pass by a few restaurants and a Planet Pepsi building near this junction. The routes reach Muscle Shoals. Here, U.S. 43/AL-17/AL-13 and U.S. 72 turn to the south and west respectively, while AL-20 turns east with U.S. 72 Alt.. The two routes junction with Alabama State Route 133 again and AL-157. This is the southern terminus of AL-133 and the continuation of AL-157. The two routes split off at Leighton. AL-157 continues south to Moulton and Cullman along the right-of-way. U.S. 72 Alt. and AL-20 turn to the direct east/west and eventually enter Lawrence County.
The routes enter Town Creek and junction with AL-101. The routes continue to Courtland and then junction with AL-33. This stretch of road is mostly flat. The routes continue east to the Morgan County line and enter Trinity.
The stretch between here and AL-67 is well-known for containing multiple industrial plants, such as 3M and Nucor. The routes junction with AL-67 and gain the Corridor V name. The routes pass through Decatur, junctioning with U.S. 31. This junction is limited because there is no direct connection between U.S. 31 north and AL-20 west. Traffic making that connection must use a short side road onto a short one-way street, which leads to AL-20. The routes continue north across the Tennessee River again and enter Limestone County.
The routes lose U.S. 31 at a Directional-T Interchange (road) and continue east to I-65. I-565 begins at this point. U.S. 72 Alt. continues along I-565 to Huntsville, and this is the end of Alabama State Route 20.
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SR 20 was started when Alabama renumbered SR 41 with a statewide renumbering in 1929. The original route passed from US 72 at Muscle Shoals to US 31 at Decatur. This portion was named the Joe Wheeler Highway, and markers commemorating this are still located on East (Decatur at Railroad/Church Streets) and West (Tuscumbia-Old Lee Highway) ends. In 1931, SR 20 replaced SR 2 following US 72 west to the Mississippi state line west of Margerum, and in 1936 it was extended east to Huntsville.
1957 saw many changes to SR 20. It was replaced again by SR 2 along US 72 to the Mississippi state line, and, in turn, SR 20 replaced SR 2 traveling north to Florence and northwest of Florence to the Tennessee state line, forming a route popularly known as New Savannah Highway. SR 20 was also realigned to a much more direct route between Decatur and Huntsville, bypassing the town of Madison.
Beginning in the early 1980s, the eastern terminus of SR 20 began retreating to the west. The original terminus was at Clinton Avenue and US 231/ US 431 in downtown Huntsville. With the construction of I-565 in the early 1990s along the route of SR 20 east of I-65, SR 20 was slowly pulled back to its current terminus at the junction of I-65 and becomes I-565.
|Lauderdale||||0.000||0.000||SR 69 north – Savannah||Tennessee state line|
|||7.645||12.303||Natchez Trace Parkway||Interchange|
|||17.162||27.620||SR 133 south (Cox Creek Parkway) to US 43 north / US 72 east – Athens, Joe Wheeler State Park|
|Florence||22.048||35.483||US 43 north / US 72 east / SR 13 north / SR 17 north ( SR-2 east) – Port of Florence||Western end of US 43/US 72/SR 2/SR 13/SR 17 concurrency; interchange|
|Tennessee River||22.795||36.685||O'Neal Bridge|
|Colbert||Sheffield– Muscle Shoals line||24.475||39.389||SR 184 east (Second Street) – Muscle Shoals, Sheffield|
|Tuscumbia– Muscle Shoals line||27.803||44.745||US 43 south / SR 13 south / SR 17 south / US 72 west ( SR 2) – Corinth||Eastern end of US 43/US 72 concurrency; western end of US 72 Alt. concurrency|
|||29.870||48.071||SR 133 north / SR 157 north (Wilson Dam Road) / CR 57 south – Airport||Western end of SR 157 concurrency|
|||32.189||51.803||SR 157 south – Moulton, Cullman||Eastern end of SR 157 concurrency; no left turn westbound|
|Lawrence||Town Creek||43.103||69.368||SR 101 – Lexington, Hatton, Wheeler Dam, Joe Wheeler State Park|
|Courtland||50.609||81.447||SR 33 south – Moulton, Courtland Historic District|
|Morgan||||65.780||105.863||SR 67 south ( Beltline Road)|
|Decatur||69.147||111.281||US 31 south (6th Avenue / SR 3) – Hartselle||Western end of US 31/SR 3 concurrency|
|68.484||110.214||Steamboat Bill Memorial Bridges over Tennessee River|
|Limestone||72.130||116.082||US 31 north ( SR-3) – Athens, Calhoun Community College||Eastern end of US 31/SR 3 concurrency; interchange|
I-565 east / US 72 Alt. east – Huntsville
|Eastern terminus and signed as exits 1A (south) and 1B (north); I-65 north exit 340, south exit 340A-B|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
Several sections of Old Highway 20 still exist:
- Lauderdale County Road 200 through Sullivans Crossroads, Central Heights, Lovelace and McGee Town, known as Old Savannah Highway.
- Lauderdale County Road 14 from McGee Town to Florence
- Colbert County Road 22 through Leighton.
- Jefferson Street through Courtland
- Old Trinity Road between Trinity and Decatur
- Old Highway 20 through Mooresville – The section east of Mooresville is part of the 1957 alignment.
- 1936 Alignment
- Mooresville Road north of Mooresville through Belle Mina to Old Highway 20.
- Old Highway 20 east through Greenbrier to County Line Road.
- County Line Road north to Palmer Road.
- Palmer Road east to Downtown Madison.
- Old Madison Pike from Madison to I-565 exit 15.
- 1957 Alignment
- Madison Boulevard from I-565 exit 5 to I-565 exit 13.
- Governors Drive in Huntsville from I-565 exit 17 to Clinton Avenue.
- Clinton Avenue in Huntsville to US 231/US 431, Memorial Parkway.
- Media related to Alabama State Route 20 at Wikimedia Commons