Alabama Public Television Article

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Alabama Public Television
Alabama Public Television logo.svg
statewide Alabama
United States
BrandingAPT
SloganAmerica's First. Alabama's Only. Yours Exclusively.
Channels Digital: see table below
Subchannels see table below
Affiliations PBS (since 1970)
OwnerAlabama Educational Television Commission
First air dateJanuary 7, 1955 (63 years ago) (1955-01-07)
Call letters' meaningall stations:
W
second letter: see table below
Intelligence
Quotient
Sister station(s) WLRH-FM Huntsville
Former affiliations NET (1955–1970)
Transmitter power see table below
Height see table below
Facility ID see table below
Transmitter coordinates see table below
Website www.aptv.org

Alabama Public Television is a state network of PBS member television stations serving the U.S. state of Alabama. It is operated by the Alabama Educational Television Commission, which holds the licenses for all the PBS member stations licensed in the state. The broadcast signals of the nine stations cover almost all of the state, as well as parts of Florida, Georgia, Mississippi and Tennessee. The network produces public affairs and documentary programming; broadcast and online education programs for classroom use and teacher professional development; and electronic field trips serving K-12 students.

The network's offices and network operations center are located in Birmingham. APT maintains offices and studio facilities located adjacent to Patterson Field in the state capital of Montgomery, as well as a small secondary studio located in the basement of the Alabama State House. APT also operates a studio in Washington, D.C., in partnership with the Folger Shakespeare Library. The AETC also operates a public radio station, WLRH (89.3 FM) in Huntsville.

History

APT logo, used from the 1960s to the 1980s.

Alabama was one of the earliest states to enter into educational television broadcasting when the Alabama General Assembly created the Alabama Educational Television Commission in 1953. In an unusual move at the time, the Commission requested allocations for four stations which would air the same programming at all times, fed from a central studio in Birmingham. At the time, it was apparent that much of the state outside of Birmingham, Montgomery, and Mobile was too poor and too rural to support a standalone educational station. The Commission thus wanted to ensure that all of the state's children would have access to educational television.

After two years of preparation, it signed on the nation's ninth educational television station, WEDM in Munford, serving Talladega. The transmitter was located atop Cheaha Mountain, the highest point in Alabama. When WBIQ in Birmingham came online in April 1955, Alabama became the first state in the nation with an educational television network. Alabama Educational Television made its first broadcast as a network shortly after WBIQ signed on. Since then, 25 other states have started public television networks, all based on Alabama's model. The network changed its name to the Alabama Public Television Network in the late 1960s, and shortened the name to simply Alabama Public Television in 1988.

APT's studio in Montgomery

WAIQ in Andalusia (now WDIQ in Dozier) went on the air in August 1956, bringing APT to south Alabama for the first time before being reassigned to Montgomery in December 1962. WAAY-TV 25 was issued a construction permit in Huntsville in 1962, but never signed on the air. (They would buy WAFG/31 instead in 1963.) Channel 25 in Huntsville would later become WHIQ in 1965. WAIQ was the first APT station to broadcast a digital signal in 2003, on UHF channel 14, but that signal was later moved to channel 27 on account of Montgomery station WSFA signing on its digital signal on channel 14. Commercial-licensed station WALA-TV in Mobile donated its former transmitter in Spanish Fort to APT in 1964, allowing WEIQ to bring the network to Alabama's Gulf Coast counties that November. WEIQ's transmitter power was increased during the 1980s.

In 1976, the Federal Communications Commission delayed renewal of AETC's licenses due to APT's refusal to air programs pertaining to the Vietnam War or the African-American community. APT management feared that airing these types of programs would cause angry public officials to cut the network's funding and put the network's future in jeopardy. Therefore, APT followed orders by state officials not to air certain programming during the 1960s and 1970s. However, it has taken a more independent stance over the last 30 years. The AETC took over the operation of Huntsville public radio station WLRH in 1977.

In January 1982, a major ice storm caused the collapse of the WCIQ tower, which was then rebuilt.

In August 2004, APT began datacasting on its digital broadcast signals to distribute digital multimedia content to ten elementary and secondary schools, in a pilot program. The datacasting model was replaced by APTPLUS, an online distribution of multimedia content which became available to every school in Alabama via the Internet. Every public school in Alabama registered to use APTPLUS within its first year of operation. Many private school teachers and home school families are also registered users.

APT logo, used from the 1980s to the early 2000s.

For more than a quarter century, Alabama Public Television aired a nightly public affairs program, For the Record, covering statewide news and Alabama politics. The longest-running program of its kind on a PBS member station or regional or state network, it won an award for Best Local News Program from the National Educational Telecommunications Association (NETA), an organization of public television stations. Capitol Journal succeeded For the Record in 2008 and is produced at APT's Statehouse studio in Montgomery.

APT began broadcasting a high definition channel (APT HD) in 2005. In December 2006 it launched a digital how-to channel featuring established cooking, gardening, decorating, crafts and sewing programs called APT Create. A third digital channel, APT IQ, debuted in March 2007. Originally called APT IQ, the channel became APT World in October 2012 and offers news and documentary programming. 2017 brought the addition of "PBS Kids" statewide and "Huntsville ETV" on WHIQ Huntsville on 25.5 (Which has been on the air since 1966 via cable/microwave link to schools/ A Service of Huntsville Public Schools)

Today, APT's mission continues to be focused mainly on education. It provides educational services to Alabamians online, on-air through four digital subchannels, and through outreach services to educators and service provides statewide.

Board members

The members of the Alabama Educational Television Commission Board as of 2012 are: Ferris W. Stephens, Chairman, Birmingham (6th congressional district), Gregory O. Griffin, Sr., Vice-Chairman, Montgomery (2nd congressional district), Dr. Rodney D. Herring, Secretary, Opelika (3rd congressional district), Bebe Williams, Huntsville (5th congressional district), Les Barnett, Mobile (1st congressional district) and Dr. Dannetta K. Thornton Owens, Birmingham (7th congressional district).

Stations

Alabama Public Television stations
Station City of license
(Other cities served)
Channels
TV / RF
First air date Second letter's meaning ERP HAAT Transmitter coordinates Facility ID Public license information
WAIQ Montgomery
( Selma)
26 ( PSIP)
27 ( UHF)
December 18, 1962 (55 years ago) (1962-12-18) Alabama 600  kW 178.7 m (586 ft) 32°22′55″N 86°17′33.3″W / 32.38194°N 86.292583°W / 32.38194; -86.292583 (WAIQ) 706 Profile
CDBS
WBIQ Birmingham
( Anniston/ Gadsden/ Tuscaloosa)
10 (PSIP)
10 ( VHF)
April 28, 1955 (63 years ago) (1955-04-28) Birmingham 3 kW 426.2 m (1,398 ft) 33°29′4.5″N 86°48′25.5″W / 33.484583°N 86.807083°W / 33.484583; -86.807083 (WBIQ) 717 Profile
CDBS
WCIQ1 Mount Cheaha
( Heflin)
7 (PSIP)
7 (VHF)
January 7, 1955 (63 years ago) (1955-01-07) Cheaha 34.8 kW 575.8 m (1,889 ft) 33°29′6.2″N 85°48′32.7″W / 33.485056°N 85.809083°W / 33.485056; -85.809083 (WCIQ) 711 Profile
CDBS
WDIQ2 Dozier 2 (PSIP)
10 (VHF)
August 8, 1956 (62 years ago) (1956-08-08) Dozier 30 kW 224.8 m (738 ft) 31°33′17″N 86°23′31.4″W / 31.55472°N 86.392056°W / 31.55472; -86.392056 (WDIQ) 714 Profile
CDBS
WEIQ Mobile
( Pensacola/ Fort Walton Beach, FL)
42 (PSIP)
41 (UHF)
November 18, 1964 (54 years ago) (1964-11-18) Educational 199 kW 185 m (607 ft) 30°39′33.9″N 87°53′33.5″W / 30.659417°N 87.892639°W / 30.659417; -87.892639 (WEIQ) 721 Profile
CDBS
WFIQ Florence
( The Shoals)
36 (PSIP)
22 (UHF)
August 9, 1967 (51 years ago) (1967-08-09) Florence 418.8 kW 207.6 m (681 ft) 34°34′41″N 87°47′1.8″W / 34.57806°N 87.783833°W / 34.57806; -87.783833 (WFIQ) 715 Profile
CDBS
WGIQ3 Louisville
( Texasville/ Dothan/ Eufaula/
Phenix City/ Columbus, GA)
43 (PSIP)
44 (UHF)
September 9, 1968 (50 years ago) (1968-09-09) Greater Alabama 925 kW 262 m (860 ft) 31°43′4.8″N 85°26′2.9″W / 31.718000°N 85.434139°W / 31.718000; -85.434139 (WGIQ) 710 Profile
CDBS
WHIQ Huntsville
( Decatur)
25 (PSIP)
24 (UHF)
November 15, 1965 (53 years ago) (1965-11-15) Huntsville 396 kW 338.2 m (1,110 ft) 34°44′12.7″N 86°31′45.3″W / 34.736861°N 86.529250°W / 34.736861; -86.529250 (WHIQ) 713 Profile
CDBS
WIIQ Demopolis
( Meridian, MS)
41 (PSIP)
19 (UHF)
September 13, 1970 (48 years ago) (1970-09-13) Informational 1000 kW 324 m (1,063 ft) 32°21′46.1″N 87°52′30.5″W / 32.362806°N 87.875139°W / 32.362806; -87.875139 (WIIQ) 720 Profile
CDBS
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML ·  GPX

Notes:

  • 1. WCIQ used the call sign WEDM (EDucational Munford) from January to March 1955, [1] and then WTIQ (T for Talladega) to 1959. [2] Also, the station's city of license was previously Munford (near Cheaha Mountain) from its 1955 sign-on to 1960, [3] and then, Cheaha State Park, where the station's transmitter is located on the mountain. Because the tower is located in Cleburne County, Nielsen Media Research and therefore the FCC considers the station to be a part of the Atlanta, Georgia television market. [4]
  • 2. WDIQ used the call sign WAIQ (A for Andalusia) from its 1956 sign-on to 1961. [5] This station's city of license was Andalusia from its 1956 sign-on to 1962. [6]
  • 3. The WGIQ transmitter is in Texasville, but WGIQ is licensed to Louisville, Alabama.[ citation needed]

Coverage areas

Station Signal Reach
WAIQ Montgomery and the southern portion of the geographical center of the state
WBIQ Birmingham and the northern portion of the geographical center of Alabama and the west central counties of the state including the city of Tuscaloosa
WCIQ Talladega, Anniston, Gadsden and Auburn and the east central portion of the state to western Georgia including the western outskirts of Metro Atlanta; also provides secondary signal for Birmingham
WDIQ The south central portion of the state to Interstate 10 in the Florida Panhandle
WEIQ Mobile and Baldwin counties along Alabama's Gulf Coast and several counties to the north as well as parts of southeastern Mississippi and the far western Florida Panhandle and the city of Pensacola
WFIQ Florence and the northwestern portion of the state and some counties in southern central Tennessee and northeastern Mississippi; secondary signal for Decatur
WGIQ Dothan and most of the southeastern portion of the state and some parts of southwestern Georgia; closest APTV signal to Phenix City
WHIQ Huntsville, Decatur and most of the north central and northeastern portion of the state as well as some counties in southern central Tennessee; secondary signal for Gadsden
WIIQ Much of southwestern Alabama in the region known as the " Black Belt" as well as Meridian and some counties in eastern central Mississippi; secondary signal for Tuscaloosa and Selma

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15]
x.1 720p 16:9 APT (WxIQ HD) Main APT programming / PBS
x.2 480i PBSKIDS PBS Kids
x.3 CREATE Create
x.4 WORLD World
x.5 ETV Huntsville ETV-WHIQ only

Analog-to-digital conversion

Although the DTV Delay Act extended the mandatory deadline to June 12, 2009, APT shut down the analog signals of all ten stations as originally scheduled on February 17, 2009. [16]

  • WAIQ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 26; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 27. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 26.
  • WBIQ shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 10; the station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 53, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition, to its analog-era VHF channel 10.
  • WCIQ shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 7; the station's digital signal relocated to VHF channel 7.
  • WDIQ shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 2; the station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition VHF channel 11 to channel 10. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 2.
  • WEIQ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 42; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 41. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 42.
  • WFIQ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 36; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 22. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 36.
  • WGIQ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 43; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 44. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 43.
  • WHIQ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 25; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 24. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 25.
  • WIIQ shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 41; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 19. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 41.

On July 29, 2010, WBIQ received a construction permit to move its digital channel from channel 10 to channel 39. [17]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC-IDX/55-OCR/BC-1955-04-04-Page-0098.pdf[ permanent dead link]
  2. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC-IDX/59-OCR/BC-1959-10-26-Page-0119.pdf[ permanent dead link]
  3. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/hd2/IDX-Business/Magazines/Archive-BC-IDX/60-OCR/BC-1960-05-09-OCR-Page-0111.pdf
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  5. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC-IDX/61-OCR/BC-1961-10-30-Page-0097.pdf[ permanent dead link]
  6. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-BC-IDX/62-OCR/BC-1962-02-12-Page-0080.pdf[ permanent dead link]
  7. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WAIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WBIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WCIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WDIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WEIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WFIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WGIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WHIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WIIQ Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  17. ^ http://licensing.fcc.gov/prod/cdbs/pubacc/Auth_Files/1358913.pdf[ permanent dead link]

External links