Adams County, Illinois Article

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Adams County, Illinois
Adams County Courthouse, Quincy.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Adams County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1825
Named for John Quincy Adams
Seat Quincy
Largest cityQuincy
Area
 • Total871 sq mi (2,256 km2)
 • Land855 sq mi (2,214 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (41 km2), 1.9%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016)66,578 [1]
 • Density78/sq mi (30/km2)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.co.adams.il.us

Adams County is the westernmost county of the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,103. [2] Its county seat is Quincy. [3]

Adams County is part of the Quincy, IL– MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Adams County was formed in 1825 out of Pike County. Its name is in honor of the sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams.

Geography

Quincy, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.4
 
 
34
16
 
 
1.7
 
 
40
21
 
 
2.9
 
 
52
30
 
 
3.5
 
 
65
41
 
 
4.6
 
 
75
51
 
 
3.3
 
 
84
61
 
 
3.9
 
 
88
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3.1
 
 
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3.5
 
 
78
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2.5
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.1
 
 
51
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2.2
 
 
38
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 871 square miles (2,260 km2), of which 855 square miles (2,210 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.9%) is water. [6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Climate and weather

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Quincy have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1979 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 2005. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.36 inches (35 mm) in January to 4.61 inches (117 mm) in May. [5]

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Adams County.
Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,186
184014,476562.2%
185026,50883.1%
186041,32355.9%
187056,36236.4%
188059,1354.9%
189061,8884.7%
190067,0588.4%
191064,588−3.7%
192062,188−3.7%
193062,7841.0%
194065,2293.9%
195064,690−0.8%
196068,4675.8%
197070,8613.5%
198071,6221.1%
199066,090−7.7%
200068,2773.3%
201067,103−1.7%
Est. 201666,578 [7]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2013 [2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 67,103 people, 27,375 households, and 17,677 families residing in the county. [12] The population density was 78.5 inhabitants per square mile (30.3/km2). There were 29,842 housing units at an average density of 34.9 per square mile (13.5/km2). [6] The racial makeup of the county was 93.7% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 43.5% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 10.7% were American, and 8.7% were English. [13]

Of the 27,375 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 40.7 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,824 and the median income for a family was $55,791. Males had a median income of $38,830 versus $29,371 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,308. About 8.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. [14]

Communities

Adams County, Illinois.

City

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Adams County is divided into twenty-three townships:

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential election results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.5% 22,790 23.8% 7,676 5.7% 1,844
2012 66.5% 20,416 31.4% 9,648 2.1% 633
2008 60.6% 18,711 38.2% 11,794 1.3% 397
2004 66.2% 20,834 33.4% 10,511 0.4% 132
2000 57.6% 17,331 40.5% 12,197 1.9% 581
1996 48.7% 13,836 39.9% 11,336 11.4% 3,239
1992 42.8% 13,529 37.2% 11,748 20.0% 6,302
1988 53.3% 15,831 46.3% 13,768 0.4% 111
1984 66.0% 20,225 33.7% 10,336 0.3% 88
1980 62.2% 19,842 33.2% 10,606 4.6% 1,469
1976 59.7% 18,189 39.1% 11,926 1.2% 370
1972 69.5% 20,731 30.3% 9,055 0.2% 60
1968 54.3% 17,444 35.9% 11,521 9.8% 3,143
1964 43.3% 13,993 56.7% 18,321 0.0% 0
1960 55.7% 18,674 44.2% 14,827 0.1% 28
1956 63.1% 19,569 36.8% 11,402 0.1% 32
1952 59.6% 19,652 40.3% 13,301 0.1% 21
1948 48.7% 14,329 50.8% 14,960 0.5% 152
1944 52.9% 15,564 46.7% 13,733 0.5% 142
1940 50.9% 18,480 47.8% 17,361 1.4% 492
1936 39.2% 13,114 56.3% 18,857 4.5% 1,502
1932 32.0% 10,134 66.6% 21,098 1.4% 437
1928 53.6% 15,590 45.4% 13,215 1.0% 288
1924 40.9% 9,985 35.4% 8,628 23.7% 5,791
1920 57.1% 12,852 32.1% 7,222 10.9% 2,447
1916 44.2% 11,858 53.2% 14,268 2.5% 682
1912 26.5% 3,780 48.7% 6,952 24.8% 3,531
1908 44.3% 7,233 50.8% 8,294 4.8% 787
1904 49.1% 7,277 41.5% 6,149 9.5% 1,408
1900 46.8% 8,047 51.4% 8,844 1.8% 301
1896 50.3% 8,447 47.8% 8,025 2.0% 336
1892 42.0% 6,081 53.5% 7,746 4.5% 657
Adams County, Illinois
Elected countywide officials
Circuit Clerk Lori Geschwandner Democratic
County Clerk Chuck Venvertloh Republican
Coroner James Keller Republican
Sheriff Brent Fischer Democratic
State’s Attorney Jonathan Barnard Republican
Regional Superintendent Deborah Niederhauser Republican
Treasurer Terry Asher Republican

Adams County, positioned in a primarily rural section of Illinois is culturally isolated from Chicago, and therefore more conservative than the state's northeastern corner. Quincy, the county seat, holds a high number of socially conservative Catholics [16] and likewise is the home to the campus of Quincy University, a private Catholic liberal arts college, and the Western Catholic Union.

The county is part of the historic belt of German settlement extending into the Missouri Rhineland and because it was antagonistic to the Yankee northeast of Illinois, it voted solidly Democratic until 1892. After being a swing county in the first half of the twentieth century, Adams County has been a Republican stronghold. It last supported a Democrat for President of the United States in 1964, when it voted for (Lyndon Johnson. The county regularly rejects Democrats at the state level as well; it hasn't supported a Democrat for Governor of Illinois since Adlai Stevenson II in 1948. [17] Notably, while it warmly supported Barack Obama in his 2004 Senate campaign, it shut Obama out in both his presidential bids.

The county is currently represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Republican Darin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 94th district and is currently represented by Republican Randy Frese. The county is located in the 47th district of the Illinois Senate, and is currently represented by Republican Jil Tracy.

Education

Unified school districts

Private schools

  • Blessed Sacrament Catholic School [2]
  • Chaddock School [3]
  • Quincy Christian School
  • Quincy Notre Dame High School
  • St. Dominic Catholic School [4]
  • St. Francis Solanus Catholic School [5]
  • St. James Lutheran School [6]
  • St. Peter Catholic School [7]

Colleges and universities

Attractions

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Quincy, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  16. ^ http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/counties/17001_2000.asp
  17. ^ "Adams County Clerk".

External links


ADAMS COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

39°59′N 91°11′W / 39.99°N 91.19°W / 39.99; -91.19