|Dates||April 11–14, 1968|
|Course(s)||Augusta National Golf Club|
|Organized by||Augusta National Golf Club|
|Length||6,980 yards (6,383 m) |
|Field||74 players, 52 after cut|
Bob Goalby won his only major championship, one stroke ahead of Roberto De Vicenzo, the reigning British Open champion.  On the back nine in the final round, Goalby birdied 13 and 14 and eagled 15 to record a 66 (−6) and a total of 277 (−11). At first it appeared that he had tied De Vicenzo and the two would meet in an 18-hole Monday playoff, but De Vicenzo returned an incorrect scorecard showing a par 4 on the 17th hole, instead of a birdie 3, sunk with a two-foot putt. Playing partner Tommy Aaron incorrectly marked the 4 and De Vicenzo failed to catch the mistake and signed the scorecard. USGA rules stated that the higher written score signed by a golfer on his card must stand,  and the error gave Goalby the championship.   Ironically, Goalby discovered a scoring error he had made on the card he was keeping for Raymond Floyd, his playing partner in the final round, which he corrected at the scorer's tent. He had marked Floyd down for a par-3 on the 16th hole, when Floyd had actually bogeyed the hole. Floyd ended up in a tie for seventh place with, among others, Aaron. Both Aaron and Floyd would win the Masters in future years, Aaron in 1973 and Floyd in 1976.
Jack Nicklaus tied for fifth place and third-round leader Gary Player finished tied for seventh. Lee Trevino, 28, made his Masters debut and was two strokes back after three rounds, tied for seventh place. A rough back nine of 43 (+7) pushed his score to 80 and he finished tied for 40th. Two months later, he won the 1968 U.S. Open, the first of his six major titles. The Masters was the only major that eluded him; his best finish was a tie for tenth, in 1975 and 1985. Citing incompatibility, Trevino skipped Augusta three times in the early 1970s,    and missed in 1977 due to a bad back. 
In his fourteenth Masters at age 38, four-time champion Arnold Palmer found the water three times during a second round 79 for 151 and missed the cut for the first time at Augusta.   He made the next seven cuts, through 1975.
Bob Rosburg won the ninth Par 3 contest on Wednesday with a score of 22. Claude Harmon, 51, had consecutive aces at the fourth and fifth holes, but tied for third at 24.  The next day, Harmon withdrew in the first round after a nine-hole score of 40. 
|3||Flowering Peach||355||4||12||Golden Bell||155||3|
|Source:  ||Total||6,980||72|
^ Holes 1, 2, 4, and 11 were later renamed.
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||R3||R4||Total||To par||Finish|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||1963, 1965, 1966||69||71||74||67||281||−7||T5|
|Gary Player||South Africa||1961||72||67||71||72||282||−6||T7|
|Art Wall, Jr.||United States||1959||74||74||73||67||288||E||T22|
|Gay Brewer||United States||1967||72||74||71||74||291||+3||T35|
|Sam Snead||United States||1949, 1952, 1954||73||74||75||71||293||+5||42|
|Doug Ford||United States||1957||72||75||72||77||296||+8||T48|
|Player||Country||Year(s) won||R1||R2||Total||To par|
|Herman Keiser||United States||1946||71||79||150||+6|
|Arnold Palmer||United States||
|Cary Middlecoff||United States||1955||76||76||152||+8|
|Jack Burke, Jr.||United States||1956||79||74||153||+9|
|Ralph Guldahl||United States||1939||82||81||163||+19|
|Henry Picard||United States||1938||78||WD|
|Claude Harmon||United States||1948||WD|
Thursday, April 11, 1968
|1||Billy Casper||United States||68||−4|
|T2||Tommy Aaron||United States||69||−3|
|Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States|
|T7||Bob Goalby||United States||70||−2|
|Jerry Pittman||United States|
|Kermit Zarley||United States|
|T10||Raymond Floyd||United States||71||−1|
|Vinny Giles (a)||United States|
|Don January||United States|
|Herman Keiser||United States|
|Lee Trevino||United States|
|Bert Yancey||United States|
Friday, April 12, 1968
|T1||Don January||United States||71-68=139||−5|
|Gary Player||South Africa||72-67=139|
|T3||Frank Beard||United States||75-65=140||−4|
|Bob Goalby||United States||70-70=140|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||69-71=140|
|6||Tommy Aaron||United States||69-72=141||−3|
|T7||Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||69-73=142||−2|
|Raymond Floyd||United States||71-71=142|
|Bert Yancey||United States||71-71=142|
Saturday, April 13, 1968
|1||Gary Player||South Africa||72-67-71=210||−6|
|T2||Frank Beard||United States||75-65-71=211||−5|
|Raymond Floyd||United States||71-71-69=211|
|Bob Goalby||United States||70-70-71=211|
|Don January||United States||71-68-72=211|
|T7||Miller Barber||United States||75-69-68=212||−4|
|Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||69-73-70=212|
|Lee Trevino||United States||71-72-69=212|
|T10||Tommy Aaron||United States||69-72-72=213||−3|
|Jerry Pittman||United States||70-73-70=213|
Sunday, April 14, 1968
|Place||Player||Country||Score||To par||Money ( $)|
|1||Bob Goalby||United States||70-70-71-66=277||−11||20,000|
|2||Roberto De Vicenzo||Argentina||69-73-70-66=278||−10||15,000|
|3||Bert Yancey||United States||71-71-72-65=279||−9||10,000|
|T5||Frank Beard||United States||75-65-71-70=281||−7||5,500|
|Jack Nicklaus||United States||69-71-74-67=281|
|T7||Tommy Aaron||United States||69-72-72-69=282||−6||3,460|
|Raymond Floyd||United States||71-71-69-71=282|
|Lionel Hebert||United States||72-71-71-68=282|
|Jerry Pittman||United States||70-73-70-69=282|
|Gary Player||South Africa||72-67-71-72=282|
^ De Vicenzo actually birdied the 17th hole, but signed for a par on his scorecard.
Cumulative tournament scores, relative to par
- "Stain mars Goalby's jacket". Toledo Blade. (Ohio). Associated Press. April 15, 1968. p. 19.
- Wright, Alfred (April 22, 1968). "Golf's craziest drama". Sports Illustrated. p. 14.
- Green, Bob (April 15, 1968). "Goalby's 277 captures Masters as scoring error costs De Vicenzo tie". Youngstown Vindicator. (Ohio). Associated Press. p. 15.
- "Lee Trevino to skip Masters". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. April 17, 1969. p. 20.
- Addie, Bob (April 11, 1973). "Have Trevino, Masters parted company for good?". Tuscaloosa News. (Alabama). (Washington Post). p. 10.
- Mizell, Hubert (April 8, 1978). "Trevino, Masters still not compatible". St. Petersburg Times. (Florida). p. 1C.
- Green, Bob (March 24, 1977). "Trevino to miss Masters". Free Lance-Star. (Fredericksburg, Virginia). Associated Press. p. 8.
- "'Worst ever here' – Arnie". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 13, 1968. p. 12.
- Gundelfinger, Phil (April 13, 1968). "Player, January tie in Masters; Arnie out". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. 12.
- "Harmon holds pair of aces". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 12, 1968.
- "(Masters scores)". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 12, 1968. p. 22.
- "Augusta National Golf club: map". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 10, 1969. p. 27.
- "Masters scoreboard". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. April 13, 1968. p. 13.
- "Birdies push Don January, Player to lead in Masters". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. April 13, 1968. p. 10.
- "Golf: Masters". Miami News. April 13, 1968. p. 2B.
- "Bill Casper conquers jitters for 68 to lead international Masters field". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. April 12, 1968. p. 18.
- "Mob pursues Gary Player". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. April 14, 1968. p. 1, sports.
- Masters.com – past winners and results
- About.com – 1968 Masters
- Augusta.com – 1968 Masters leaderboard and scorecards