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Urdu in Nastaʿlīq script
|Native to||Pakistan and India|
|Ethnicity||No specific ethnicity|
|67 million (51 million in India, 16 million in Pakistan) (2011 & 2017 census)|
L2 speakers: 102 million (1999)
Official language in
|Regulated by||National Language Promotion Department|
Areas in India and Pakistan where Urdu is either official or co-official
Urdu (or modern standard Urdu) is one of the standard languages of the subcontinent. It is the national and public language of Pakistan, while it is the official language of six states of India. According to the Constitution of India, it has been included in 22 official identification languages. According to the 2001 census, Urdu as the mother tongue is 5.01% of the population in India and in this sense it is the sixth largest language in India, while in Pakistan it is used as the mother tongue 7.59% of the people, it is the fifth largest of Pakistan. Is the language. Urdu has historically been linked to the Muslim population of India. [Citation needed] Apart from some vocabulary, the language is understandable in standard Hindi, which is attributed to Hindus in the region.
The language was recognized and promoted when the British rulers in the British period, with English instead of Persian, imposed it as the official language in Northern India and Jammu and Kashmir in 1846 and Punjab in 1849. In addition, a large number of Urdu speakers are settled in the Gulf, European, Asian and American areas, mainly Urdu-speaking people from South Asia. According to the 1999 data, the total number of Urdu language translators was around 10 million. In this sense, it is the ninth largest language in the world.
Urdu is sometimes compared to Hindi. The fundamental difference between Urdu and Hindi is that Urdu is written in the Nastaliq script and uses Arabic and Persian words. While Hindi is written in Devanagari script and uses Sanskrit words more. Some linguists consider Urdu and Hindi to be two standard variants of the same language. Other experts, however, consider them both to be based on socioeconomic differences. Rather, the fact is that Hindi originated from Urdu. Similarly, if Urdu and Hindi are considered as one, then it is the fourth largest language in the world.
- List of Urdu-language poets
- List of Urdu-language writers
- National Translation Mission (NTM)
- Persian and Urdu
- States of India by Urdu speakers
- Urdu in the United Kingdom
- Uddin and Begum Hindustani Romanisation
- Urdu Digest
- Urdu in Aurangabad
- Urdu Informatics
- Urdu keyboard
- Glossary of the British Raj
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|Urdu edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
- Urdu at Curlie
- Urdu language at Encyclopædia Britannica
- Directory of Urdu websites.
- Type in Urdu
- Urdu Tutorials Library
- Urdu Scholarship-Maldonado Garcia
- UrdueBooks Open Source
- Urdu Digital Library
Category:Hindustani language Category:Fusional languages Category:Indo-Aryan languages Category:Language versus dialect Category:Official languages of India Category:Languages of India Category:Languages of Pakistan Category:Languages of Gujarat Category:Languages of Maharashtra Category:Languages of Bihar Category:Languages of Jammu and Kashmir Category:Languages of Jharkhand Category:Languages of Uttar Pradesh Category:Languages of Telangana Category:Languages of West Bengal Category:Subject–object–verb languages Category:Languages drafts