Draft:Sisian History Museum after Nikoghayos Adonts

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Sisian History Museum[edit]

The Sisian History Museum, dedicated to Armenian historical figure Nikoghayos Adonts, allows visitors to experience the history and culture of the country's southernmost province Syunik. [1] The area's history dates back to 9000 BCE, and encompasses a slew of historical themes such as the archaeological, ethnographic, military and cultural aspects of Armenia. [2] Additionally Sisian village traditions are found near the museum such as the annual Bread Festival every fall season and the 3rd millennium ceramic vessel decorated with a ram's head which symbolizes power in the Syunik region. The iconic artifact is observable for any museum visitors and representative of cultural influences in the area including that of the famous Nikoghayos Adonts. [3]

Sisian History Museum

The settlement dates back to the mid Bronze age. The archeological evidence, found in Sisian, indicates this to be the case and makes this site an ancient one holding great historical significance. [4] The church built in the name of St. Grigor Lusavorich, or more commonly referred to as Gregory the Illuminator, was built in the 6th century and is remarkably intact. [5] The rare site is what has inspired Armenian organizations and the government to being cultural heritage and preservation projects in an effort to cultivate the uncommon history.

The village's modest population of about 16,150 (2018) makes the site a lesser-known one of the regions of Armenia, but is nonetheless rich in history. [6] Nikoghayos Adonts himself was a prominent Historian and Byzantinologist of Armenia hailing from the Brnakot village of Sisian region. [7] Byzantinologist referring to the studies of the Byzantine Empire following in the Greco-Roman tradition of humanist scholarship. [8] [9]

The Museum was founded in 1989, towards the end of Soviet-era Armenia, under the management of the national History Museum of Armenia but later gained independent status as its own institution in 1993. [10] Later on, in the year 1997, the original exhibition was entirely the museum's own works showcasing the history of the region. Furthermore, the museum's building is a story in its own right with constriction beginning in 1937 and officially completed in 1988 encompassing almost the entirety of the Soviet Union's existence and thus the architectural influences are evident. [11] [12] Currently the musuem is operated the Minstery of Culutre and is widely considered to be among the most signifant musums in the regon.

Nikoghayos Adonts[edit]

Nikoghayos Adonts (Nicholas; Armenian: Նիկողայոս Ադոնց, Nikoġayos Adonc’, also spelled Adonts; Russian: Николай Адонц) born on January 10 1871, in Brnakot, Sisian under the Russian Empire, was an Armenian historian speclizing in Byzantine and Armenian studies following classical humanities disciplines of the former Greek and Roman world. [13] Also as a learned philologist he demonstarted excellent language skills as he wrote the groundbreaking Armenia in the Period of Justinian a study into the fundmential sociocultural and political compositon of early Medieval-era Armenia. [14]

Living in the Sisian village in his early life had a signifant impact on his scholastic endavours and personal life. Adonts attended and graduated from a parochial school in Tatev and later went on to be a student at the Gevorkian Theological Seminary in Echmiadzin from the years of 1892–1894. [15]

The beginning of his academic life began when he was accepted into the University of St. Petersburg where he studied history and learned langauges such as Latin and Greek. [16] He graduated with great distinction in 1899 and immindatly after went to Europe to study in Byzantine scholarship until 1901. After 1901, Adonts returned to the South Caucasus region where he devloped his abality to speak Gerogian and gained employment with the manuscript repository in Echmiadzin. [17]

Adonts' graduate career was even more impressive when he successfully defended his thesis in 1908 called, "Armenia in the Period of Justinian." In the years following his thesis defense and awarding of a PhD he was appointed a professorship with the University of St. Petersburg in 1916. [18] Other acheivements in his academic career include an archaeological expedition with the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences, trustee and professor with the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages, wrote over 80 monographs about Armenian history including The Peasantry of Ancient Armenia, The Art of Dionysius Grammarian and Armenian Interpretations. Also noteworth he refused Nazi Germany orders to work at another university during his time with the University of Brussels under World War II German occuipation, which left him pennyless. Furthermore, he dennounced the Soviet Union for signing the Treaty of Brest Litovsk leaving Armenia defenless against the Ottoman Empire. [19]

List of Galleries[edit]

Clay Ritual Jug from the end of 3rd millennium BCE; Zorats Karer
  • The hall of Museum's Ceremonies.
  • The hall Devoted to Bread.
  • The hall of Ethnography.
  • The Hall devoted to Armenian Printing.
  • The hall of Archaeology.
  • Section for souvenir selling. [20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://myarmenia.si.edu/en/guide/experience/sisian-history-museum-after-nikoghayos-adonts/
  2. ^ https://myarmenia.si.edu/en/guide/experience/sisian-history-museum-after-nikoghayos-adonts/
  3. ^ https://myarmenia.si.edu/en/guide/experience/sisian-history-museum-after-nikoghayos-adonts/
  4. ^ http://www.sisianmuseum.am/index.php?lng=1
  5. ^ http://www.sisianmuseum.am/index.php?lng=1
  6. ^ https://www.armstat.am/en/?nid=435
  7. ^ http://armenianhouse.org/adonts/bio-am.html
  8. ^ http://armenianhouse.org/adonts/bio-am.html
  9. ^ https://archive.org/search.php?query=%28%28subject%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20subject%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Adontz%2C%20N%2E%22%20OR%20title%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%29%20OR%20%28%221871-1942%22%20AND%20Adontz%29%29%20AND%20%28-mediatype:software%29
  10. ^ http://www.sisianmuseum.am/index.php?lng=1
  11. ^ http://www.sisianmuseum.am/freeText.php?lng=1&id=1
  12. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20070317113506/http://www.archi.ru/publications/virtual/hmelnitsky.htm
  13. ^ https://archive.org/search.php?query=%28%28subject%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20subject%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Adontz%2C%20N%2E%22%20OR%20title%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%29%20OR%20%28%221871-1942%22%20AND%20Adontz%29%29%20AND%20%28-mediatype:software%29
  14. ^ https://archive.org/search.php?query=%28%28subject%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20subject%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20creator%3A%22Adontz%2C%20N%2E%22%20OR%20title%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Adontz%2C%20Nicholas%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Nicholas%20Adontz%22%29%20OR%20%28%221871-1942%22%20AND%20Adontz%29%29%20AND%20%28-mediatype:software%29
  15. ^ (in Armenian) Yuzbashyan, Karen. Ադոնց, Նիկողայոս Գևորգի (Adonts, Nikoghayos Gevorki). Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia. Yerevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1974, vol. 1, p. 77.
  16. ^ (in Armenian) Yuzbashyan, Karen. Ադոնց, Նիկողայոս Գևորգի (Adonts, Nikoghayos Gevorki). Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia. Yerevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 1974, vol. 1, p. 77.
  17. ^ (in Armenian) Yuzbashyan, Karen. "Նիկողայոս Ադոնցի գիտական ժառանգությունը" ("The Intellectual Legacy of Nikoghayos Adonts"). Patma-Banasirakan Handes, № 4 (19), 1962, pp. 115-128.
  18. ^ (in Armenian) Diloyan, Valter. «Ադոնց, Նիկողայոս» (Adontz, Nikoghayos). Encyclopedia of the Armenian Question. Yerevan: Yerevan State University Press, 1996, p. 10.
  19. ^ (in Armenian) Diloyan, Valter. «Ադոնց, Նիկողայոս» (Adontz, Nikoghayos). Encyclopedia of the Armenian Question. Yerevan: Yerevan State University Press, 1996, p. 10.
  20. ^ http://www.sisianmuseum.am/freeText.php?lng=1&id=20&parent_id=1