Draft:List of city nicknames in the Netherlands
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This partial list of city nicknames in the Netherlands compiles the aliases, sobriquets and slogans that cities in the United Kingdom are known by (or have been known by historically), officially and unofficially, to locals, outsiders or their tourism boards or chambers of commerce. City nicknames can help in establishing a civic identity, helping outsiders recognize a community or attracting people to a community because of its nickname; promote civic pride; and build community unity.
Nicknames and slogans that successfully create a new community "ideology or myth" are also believed to have economic value. Their economic value is difficult to measure, but there are anecdotal reports of cities that have achieved substantial economic benefits by "branding" themselves by adopting new slogans.
Some unofficial nicknames are positive, while others are derisive. The unofficial nicknames listed here have been in use for a long time or have gained wide currency.
- Cheese City (“Kaasstad”), because of the century-old Alkmaar cheese market that is still being held today.
- Capital of the Veluwe, because of its size and location in the center of the Veluwe
- Den Briel
- Den Helder
- Gibraltar of the north. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) had the Fortifications of Den Helder built here and called it “Le Gibraltar du Nord”, because: “... c'est précisément le point où je peux très bien voir toutes les forces ennemies ... ” (‘... this is exactly the point where I can see all enemy troops very well ...’)
- Cookie City (“Koekstad”), because of the 'Deventer Koek'-gingerbread, for which the Hanseatic city of Deventer is known for many centuries.
- Book City (“Boekenstad”), because of the many book printers that were located in Deventer in the Middle Ages
- Moscow upon IJssel (nickname in the 1970s), because of the long-lasting left-wing city council, and the city's location upon river IJssel
- Ankara upon IJssel (nickname in the 1980s and 1990s), due to the large Turkish community, and the city's location upon river IJssel
- Martini City (“Martinistad”), because of the Martini tower (1469)
- City upon Spaarne, due to its location upon river Spaarne
- City of Painters, from ±1580 to ±1630 many important and influential Dutch painters and draughtsmen lived and worked in Haarlem. The Haarlemse School was a major style of painting. Haarlem was the centre of painting in the Northern Netherlands
- City of Flowers, thanks to its location in the Bollenstreek-area of floriculture and floral industry
- City of Coen (“Coenstad”), after Jan Pieterszoon Coen (1587–1629), who was born in Hoorn
- The Netherlands’ Paris, because of the Burgundian atmosphere, and the similar situation with a large river running through the middle of the city (in Maastricht the Maas, in Paris the Seine), with a "rive gauche" and a "rive droite", a large part of the city on the left bank and a large part on the right bank.
- The Emperor’s City (“Keizerstad”). Charlemagne, emperor of the Carolingian Empire late 8th century build a castle near Nijmegen: the Valkhof. He and his successors visited it several times. Charlemagne may even have lived there between 804 and 814. Frederick I Barbarossa (1122-1190) emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, had the Valkhof, which burned down in 1047, rebuilt in 1152.
- Havanna upon Waal, because of the long-lasting left wing city council and the city's location upon river Waal
- The Hague
- Court City (“Hofstad”), because of the court that has been established here since the 13th century, when the Dutch count Willem II (1227-1256) and his son, count Floris V (1254-1296) had a city palace built in The Hague (the current Binnenhof). The counts that succeeded them lived on the Binnenhof, and The Hague is being called Court City (“Hofstad”) since the 19th century
- City of the Dom (“Domstad”), because of the “Dom church” (St. Martin's Cathedral of Utrecht) built in 1254
- Westland (region)
- City of Towers (“Torenstad”), because of the large number of historic buildings with a tower
- Lists of nicknames – nickname list articles on Wikipedia
- Muench, David "Wisconsin Community Slogans: Their Use and Local Impacts" Archived 9 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine, December 1993, accessed 10 April 2007.
- Alfredo Andia, Branding the Generic City :), MU.DOT magazine, 10 September 2007