LeRoy Springs Lyon

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LeRoy Springs Lyon
111-SC-27135 - NARA - 55213772.jpg
Major General LeRoy Springs Lyon (far left) standing with other officers of the 31st Infantry Division.
Born(1866-08-15)August 15, 1866
Petersburg, Virginia
DiedFebruary 23, 1920(1920-02-23) (aged 53)
Camp Taylor, Kentucky
Buried
Allegiance United States of America
Flag of the United States Army.gif United States Army
Years of service1891-1920
RankUS-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held65th Field Artillery Brigade, 31st Infantry Division, 90th Infantry Division, Field Artillery Basic School
WarsSpanish-American War, Philippine-American War, First World War
AwardsU.S. Army Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg Distinguished Service Medal (Posthumous)
Spouse(s)Harriet Amsden

LeRoy Springs Lyon (15 October 1866 – 23 February 1920) was an American military officer.

Early life[edit]

LeRoy Lyon was bord to John Lyon and Margaret Springs Lyon on 15 October 1866, in Petersburg, Virginia.[1] LeRoy Lyon attended and graduated from Richmond College with a Bachelor of Arts in 1886.[1] Lyon then went on to attend the U.S. Military Academy, from which he graduated seventh out of sixty-five in 1891.[1]

Military career[edit]

Lyon was commissioned into the 7th Cavalry as a Second Lieutenant upon his graduation from the U.S. Military Academy in 1891.[1] Much of his career with the 7th Cavalry would take place along the Mexican border as the regiment pursued renegade Apache Indians.[2]

Spanish-American War[edit]

In 1898, Lyon graduated from the Coast Artillery School at Fort Monroe, Virginia,[1] and was immediately appointed aide to General Royal T. Frank at Chickamauga Park, Anniston and Department of the Gulf headquarters.[3] Lyon served as Gen. Frank's aide during much of the Spanish-American war until 1899.[1] In 1899, Lyon was transferred to the 2nd Artillery Regiment and saw service in Cuba until 1900.[3]

In 1903, after graduating from the School of Submarine Defense at Fort Totten, New York, Lyon was appointed District Artillery Engineer at Fort Barrancas, Florida, position which he held until 1906.[3] From 1906 to 1907, Lyon served in the Philippine-American War against the Moros.[1]

Lyon served in the Panama Canal Zone from 1916-1917, where he was promoted to Colonel in May 1915[1] before returning to the United States to command Camp Bowie, Texas, until May of the same year.[3] Lyon was promoted to Brigadier General in August 1917 and was given command of the 65th Field Artillery Brigade at Camp Kearny, California, in August of 1917 following the U.S. entry into the First World War.[1]

First World War[edit]

In May 1918, Lyon was promoted once more, this time to Major General, and given command of the 31st Infantry Division.[3] Lyon arrived in France with the 31st Infantry Division on September 29th[3] and participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive later that year.[1] In November 1918, Lyon was given command of the 90th Infantry Division until December of the same year.[4]

Inter-War period[edit]

After the First World War, Lyon finally returned to the United States on 13th May 1919 and reverted to his pre-war rank of Colonel in the Field Artillery, commanding the Field Artillery Basic School at Camp Taylor, Kentucky,[1] where he passed away on 23rd February 1920.[5]

Personal life and death[edit]

LeRoy Springs Lyon married Harriet Amsden on 1st December 1903.[3] He passed away at Camp Taylor and was buried at the Arlington National Cemetery.[5] He was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his excellent leadership of the 65th Field Artillery Brigade and the 31st Infantry Division.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Davis, Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki, (Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, 1998), pp. 236 ISBN 9781571970886
  2. ^ Chandler, Melbourne C. Of Garryowen In Glory: The History of the 7th U.S. Cavalry, (Annandale, VA: The Turnpike Press, 1960), pp. 84-107 OCLC 2339561
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Who Was Who in American History - The Military (Chicago, IL: Marquis Who's Who, Inc., 1975) pp. 356
  4. ^ Wythe, George. A History of the 90th Infantry Division, (New York, NY: 90th Division Association, 1920) OCLC 01237202
  5. ^ a b "MG LeRoy Springs Lyon", LeRoy Springs Lyon, Find A Grave, Accessed 01 July 2019, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/57196216/leroy-springs-lyon
  6. ^ Cullum, George Washington. Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since it's Establishment in 1802: Supplement, Volume VI-A, (Saginaw, MI: Seemann & Peters, 1920), pp. 576

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chandler, Melbourne C. Of Garryowen In Glory: The History of the 7th U.S. Cavalry, (Annandale, VA: The Turnpike Press, 1960), pp. 84-107 OCLC 2339561
  • Cullum, George Washington. Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York Since it's Establishment in 1802: Supplement, Volume VI-A, (Saginaw, MI: Seemann & Peters, 1920), pp. 575-576
  • Davis, Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki, (Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, 1998), pp. 236 ISBN 9781571970886
  • "MG LeRoy Springs Lyon", LeRoy Springs Lyon, Find A Grave, Accessed 01 July 2019, MG LeRoy Springs Lyon (1866-1920) - Find A Grave Memorial
  • Who Was Who in American History - The Military (Chicago, IL: Marquis Who's Who, Inc., 1975) pp. 356
  • Wythe, George. A History of the 90th Infantry Division, (New York, NY: 90th Division Association, 1920) OCLC 01237202