Harcharanjit Singh Panag

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H S Panag

Born (1948-12-04) December 4, 1948 (age 70)
Allegiance India
Service/branch Indian Army
Years of service1969 - 2008
RankLieutenant General of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant General
Unit18 Mech Inf
Commands heldIA Central Command.jpg Central Army
Northern Army
XXI Corps
31 Armoured Division
192 Mountain Brigade
43 Armoured Brigade
1 Mech Inf
AwardsParam Vishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg Param Vishisht Seva Medal
Ati Vishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
RelationsGul Panag (Daughter)

Harcharanjit Singh Panag, PVSM, AVSM is a retired lieutenant general of the Indian Army. He is presently a defence analyst and commentator on strategic affairs.

Early life and family[edit]

Panag was born on 4 December 1948 in a Jatt Sikh family at Mahadian village, Fatehgarh Sahib district, in the Indian state of Punjab. His father, Colonel Shamsher Singh was a distinguished personality known for taking social initiatives in the field of development, education, ex-servicemen issues, gender equality and child rights. He was elected unopposed as the Sarpanch of his village for 20 years.[1] Panag has two children, a daughter from his first wife and a son from his second wife. His daughter from his first wife, Gul Panag, is a Bollywood actress and social activist. His son from second wife, Sherbir Panag is an Associate with MZM Legal. He has a sister, Ms. Gurdeepak Kaur who is a social activist and amateur Bullet rider who joined AAP.[2] His brother, also a army man, Major General Charanjit Singh Panag (retired) has various publications to his credit.[3]

Military career[edit]

Panag was commissioned into the 4th Battalion of the Sikh Regiment on 21 December 1969.[4] He subsequently served in the 5th Battalion of the 5th Gorkha Rifles (FF) and the 9th Battalion of the Mechanised Infantry Regiment, finally going on to command the 1st Battalion of the Mechanised Infantry.He is an alumnus of the prestigious National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, Higher Command Course, Mhow and the National Defence College, New Delhi.He has authored several publications concerning Indian defence forces and national security.

Panag is experienced in both counter-insurgency and high-altitude operations. He also saw action in various wars and military operations. During his career he has served in various positions:

  • Instructor in the Indian Military Officers Training Academy.
  • Commanded an Infantry brigade.
  • Commanded the 31 Armoured Division.
  • Commanded XXI Corps, the strike formation of Southern Command.
  • GOC-in-C of the army's Northern Command, Udhampur.
  • GOC-in-C of the army's Central Command, Lucknow.

Panag also held the post of Additional Director General (Perspective Planning) at the Army HQ.[5] He is the only three-star general from mechanized infantry in India.[6] He retired as a lieutenant general on 31 December 2008. He was appointed an Administrative Member of the Armed Forces Tribunal, Chandigarh Bench in June 2009 after retiring from the army.

Panag made the 1st arrest of PoW even before the start of Bangladesh War when he arrested Flt. Lt Pervaiz Mehdi Qureshi who later became ACM of PAF. [7]


He became a member of the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in January 2014 after retiring from the Armed Forces Tribunal. He campaigned for his actress daughter, Gul Panag in the 2014 Lok Sabha election in Chandigarh which she lost to another actress Kiran Kher.

Honours and awards[edit]

Panag won the following awards during his career:[8][9]

Military awards[edit]

Param Vishisht Seva Medal Ati Vishist Seva Medal Poorvi Star
Special Service Medal
Sangram Medal
Operation Vijay Medal
Operation Parakram Medal
Sainya Seva Medal
High Altitude Service Medal
Videsh Seva Medal
50th Anniversary of Independence Medal
25th Anniversary of Independence Medal
30 Years Long Service Medal
20 Years Long Service Medal
9 Years Long Service Medal


  1. ^ Panag, Gul (30 July 2011). "The Col. Shamsher Singh Foundation". Col Shamsher Singh Foundation. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Ms. Gurdeepak Kaur". Social Activist. 16 June 2014.
  3. ^ "SIKHS IN SERVICE OF THE INDIAN ARMY". Maj Gen (Retd) CS Panag, YSM,VSM, The South Asian Life & Times. January–March 2010.
  4. ^ Army, Indian (1 January 2009). "List of retired Generals, Indian Army" (PDF). Indian Army Official Website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Lt Gen Kapoor to be new VCOAS; Panag, Jamwal to head N, E Cmds". Indian Army. 26 December 2006. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  6. ^ Army, Indian. "A Captain and a General".
  7. ^ Army, Indian. "What Happens When a Prisoner of War is Held: From Lt Gen (Retd) Panag Who Captured India's First POW".
  8. ^ "Lt. Gen. H.S. Panag, List of Army Officers" (PDF). Indian Army. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Lt. Gen. H.S. Panag, Gallantry Awards List, Govt. of India". Government of India. 2008. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  10. ^ "Republic Day gallantry and other Defence decorations". Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Defence. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 19 June 2014.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Lt Gen O P Nandrajog
GOC-in-C, Central Command
Succeeded by
Lt Gen J K Mohanty
Preceded by
Lt Gen Deepak Kapoor
GOC-in-C, Northern Command
Succeeded by
Lt Gen P C Bhardwaj