Etawah

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Etawah

Ishtikapuri
City
Sumer Singh Fort
Sumer Singh Fort
Etawah is located in Uttar Pradesh
Etawah
Etawah
Etawah is located in India
Etawah
Etawah
Coordinates: 26°46′N 79°02′E / 26.77°N 79.03°E / 26.77; 79.03Coordinates: 26°46′N 79°02′E / 26.77°N 79.03°E / 26.77; 79.03
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictEtawah
Government
 • MLA (Etawah constituency)Sarita Bhadauria (Bharatiya Janata Party)
Elevation
197 m (646 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total256,838[1]
 • Rank180th
 • Density684/km2 (1,770/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Etawian
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
206001
2060xx
Telephone code05688
Vehicle registrationUP-75
Coastline0 kilometres (0 mi)
Sex ratio896/1000 /
Literacy81.75%
AirportSaifai Airstrip
Websitewww.etawah.nic.in

Etawah is a city on the banks of Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of Etawah District and is about 165 km west of Kanpur. The city was an important center for the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Also is the place of sangam or confluence between Yamuna and Chambal. It is the 26th most populous city in Uttar Pradesh.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Etawah city had a population of 257,838 - an increase of 22% from 211,460 in 2001 census. (The entire Etawah district had a population of 1,581,810 in 2011.) The literacy rate was 82.89 per cent.[1][2]

Religions in Etawah
Religion Percent
Hindus
78.64 %
Muslims
19.61%
Jains
1.05%
Not Stated
0.19%
Others†
0.50%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.24%), Christians (0.07%), Buddhists (0.10%).

History[edit]

Ancient era[edit]

An engraving of ruins at Etawah, in the first half of the 19th century AD

This region is believed to have existed even in the Bronze Age. The earliest Aryans who lived here were the Panchalas.They are said to have had close connections with Kurus.[citation needed]

The Guptas, Kanvas, Kanishka, Naga kings ruled over this area. In the fourth century A.D., it was part of united India under the Guptas.

During the ninth and tenth centuries, this region was governed by Gurjara Pratihara rulers. The conquest of Kannauj by Nagabhata II handed Pratiharas control over this region. During the reign of Gurjara Pratihara monarch Mihir Bhoj, the region is mentioned as prosperous, safe from thieves and rich in natural resources.[3]

In 1244, Ghiyas ud din Balban attacked the region.[4]

Revolt of 1857[edit]

During the First War of Independence in 1857, major disturbances occurred in Etawah and the district was occupied by the freedom fighters from June to December. British rule was not completely restored till the end of 1858.[5]

Modern history and economy[edit]

Etawah has experienced modernization and development under British Raj and in the post-independence period.

The district is partly watered by branches of the Ganges canal.[5]

It is traversed by the main line of the Indian railway (northern zone) from Delhi to Howrah (Calcutta).

Cotton, oilseeds, Potato and other agricultural produce are grown and exported. [5] Special breed of goat Jamunapaari and special breed of buffalo Bhadawari are raised and exported.

The region has a 652 MW natural gas-based power generation plant. However, it lacks manufacturing industries.

Etawah was known for its handloom products; most of them are converted into power looms thanks to the advent of better technology. 'Etawah' is derived from the burner of bricks (where bricks are made); it has thousands of brick centre between its boundaries.

Notable people[edit]

• Devi Dayal (retired) IAS, former secretary in the Union Petroleum Ministry and Banking.

Politics[edit]

Until the 1980s, the regional politics was largely dominated by the Congress. The region saw several changes in the succeeding decades which led to a reconfiguration of political power. Until the 80s the upper castes often used coercion to get votes from the lower caste majority in the region. The lower castes began to assert themselves much more forcefully. Two leaders, Chaudhary Charan Singh, a Jat leader who briefly became prime minister in 1979, and Mulayam Singh Yadav became faces for opposition to the Congress. Moreover, dacoits from backward castes strengthened, asserting control over land and political power[6].

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

City is served by Saifai Domestic Airport, which is around 15 km from city center. The airport has only unscheduled chartered flights. The nearest domestic airport is at Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Airport which is 175 km. The nearest International Airport is Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport located at a distance of around 220 km.

Rail[edit]

Mainpuri-Etawah Branch Railway Line
Towards Farrukhabad on Kasganj-Kanpur route
Mainpuri
Towards Shikohabad on Tundla-Etawah-Kanpur route
Keerath Pur
Karhal
Vaidhpura
Etawah
Etawah Jn

Etawah Junction railway station is the main station of the city as well as of the Howrah-Delhi main line and Guna - Etawah Rail Line . It is a class A station of Allahabad division of North Central Railways. It has a secondary railway line to Agra via reserved sanctuary area. Etawah - Mainpuri line is also constructed and train is running between Etawah and Mainpuri. One another railway line from Etawah to Bindki is to be constructed. It has halt for fastest trains like Kanpur New Delhi Shatabdi Express, Lucknow Swarna Shatabdi Express and many more. Etawah Junction is one of the cleanest railway station of Indian Railways. Necessary basic amenities like water taps, pay and use toilets, bridges, platform shed, waiting hall, railway enquiry window, computerized reservation hall, ATMs, food stalls, train announcement system, train display boards, infotainment screens, wheelchair accessible ramp can be found at station. Sooner, we will find platform - coach indicators and escalators to the bridge at the station. The city is also served by four other railway stations viz. Udi Junction, Sarai Bhopat, Ekdil and Vaidhpura.

Road[edit]

Etawah is well-connected by roads with the rest of Uttar Pradesh state. Etawah is the regional office of Etawah Region of UP Roadways and one of the largest and busiest bus station of state. It has buses for all cities of Uttar Pradesh as well as for all neighbouring states. It has buses to Delhi for every 15 minutes. National Highway 19 former NH 2 passes through Etawah, connecting it to important cities like Delhi, Mathura, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Dhanbad and Kolkata. There are three big cities namely Gwalior, Agra and Kanpur, are nearby to Etawah with well connected roads.

Agra Lucknow Expressway have various cuts, from where roads connect it to city like with Farrukhabad Road near Baralokpur, with Etawah - Mainpuri State Highway near Karhal, with NH 19 near Bhadan.

Within the city, auto-rickshaw and cycle rickshaw are the major forms of transport. Bus services run at high frequencies. Etawah city is waiting for city bus services as it was announced by UPA government to run 85 city buses to connect the city and to develop a ring road around the city. City buses will be available from Sai City Udaypur in North to Udi More in South, from Sarai Bhopat in the west to Pilkhar in the east. It will cover 50 km (approx.) distance if starts.

Education[edit]

Colleges[edit]

Schools[edit]

The school is affiliated to CBSE Bharat and benefitted to rural outskirts of Jaswantnagar Etawah.

Places of interest[edit]

Etawah Safari Park[edit]

Etawah Safari Park
Etawah Safari Park

The uniqueness of Etawah Safari Park lies in the fact that while at other such places the animals remain caged and the tourists move freely in the area. While in Etawah Lion Safari, people will move in caged paths while the lions and other animals are seen moving freely in the jungle. The Lion Safari, which is mainly being developed to provide an alternate home to Asiatic lions, that are now limited only to Gir Forests in Gujarat will also feature a Lion Breeding Centre.

National Chambal Sanctuary[edit]

National Chambal Sanctuary is spread over the Agra and Etawah districts, and a total of 290 different species of migratory and resident birds have been identified in the region so far. Winter is the best time to visit the sanctuary. A boat ride in its tranquil waters during this time is an exhilarating experience with spectacular sightings of the big reptiles basking along the 180 km sparkling sand stretches in the morning sun. But the main draw of the sanctuary are the flamingoes that arrive here in November and stay till May. The Rudy Shelduck also arrives a little earlier in September & stays here till May. The Indian Skimmers have huge colonies in the sanctuary and breed prolifically here.

Sarsai Nawar Wetland[edit]

Sarsai Nawar Wetland is a Small wetland, en route to Saman Wildlife Sanctuary, in Etawah District of Uttar Pradesh. It comprises two small lakes that attract Sarus Cranes, White Ibis and other water birds in large numbers. It has a large population of the threatened species of Sarus Cranes, the world's tallest flying birds. Ten Sarus Crane pairs breed here regularly, which is more than twice the number of breeding pairs in the bird sanctuary of Bharatpur in Rajasthan. In winters, almost more than 40,000 migratory birds from northern arc visit Sarsai Nawar wetland.

Agra-Etawah Cycle Highway[edit]

Agra-Etawah Cycle Highway in Uttar Pradesh now has Asia's first cycle highway. A first-of-its-kind project, the 207-km-long cycle highway runs between Etawah and Agra and was declared open on Saturday, 27 November 2016. The track begins from the lion safari in Etawah. On its way to Agra are tourist destinations like Naugava ka Quila, Raja Bhoj ki Haveli, and Bateshwarnath Temple. It ends at the eastern gate of the Taj Mahal in Agra.

Notable Buildings[edit]

Religious[edit]

Kali Vahan Shakti Peeth
Tixi Shiva Mandir

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "{title}". Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  3. ^ District Gazetteer Etawah (Uttar Pradesh). "History". Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2010.
  4. ^ The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization, Peter Jackson, Cambridge University Press, 2003 p. 135
  5. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Etawah" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 804.
  6. ^ Dixit, Neha. "Akhilesh Yadav in the family business". The Caravan. Retrieved 22 May 2019.

External links[edit]