Draft:Endless Alert Events

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The endless alert events (endless alert incidents (無限アラート事件 Mugen Arāto Jiken)) is a series of events in Japan that five peoples were charged with the violation of computer virus law[a][1][2] for writing an URL of the program on the BBS[b]. In Japan, it is also known as Alert loop incident and Hyōgo Prefectural Police's exposure of joke program.[3][4]

When viewers of the website clicked the link to the program, it continues to display a sentence It's meaningless how many times you close~ (何回閉じても無駄ですよ~ Nankai tojitemo muda desuyō~)", emoticons, and ASCII art of a cat.[5][6]

Exposure[edit]

In March 2019, Hyōgo Prefectural Police raided the house of a junior high school student, on suspicion of violation of the "Provision of Crimes Related to Electromagnetic Records of Unauthorised Commands (Chapter XIX-2 and -3, Penal Code of Japan) (attempted)", saying that she wrote a link to the illegal program on the BBS.

After, she was taken into correctional guidance as the juvenile delinquent by the police.

Besides this, two men were raided their house by the police on the same suspicion, and turned over to the public prosecutors' office.[1][5][6]

On 26 March, In addition to the above, it was revealed by media reports that a junior high school student and a college student were similarly charged in 2018.[2]

On 29 May, it was reported that the public prosecutors' office decided not to prosecute them on the grounds of their suspension of the institution of prosecution.[7][8]

Program in question[edit]

Behavior of the program.

This JavaScript is very simple that contains only an infinite loop (for(;;)) and an instruction which displays an alert box that displays a message of the picture.[9]

window.alert displays an alert box with a string specified in the parameter and an OK button. This alert box can be closed by clicking the OK button or the close button.

For this program, the window.alert function is in an infinite loop, so after you close the alert box, the box will display again. This will continue until a viewer closes the tab itself.

(It is also called "infinite loop alerts", but there is only one alert box displayed at a time, so this doesn't a malicious harmful thing but a joke program.)

In many PC web browsers, this program can be easily exited by just closing the tab.

(There are cases in some mobile browsers that not be able to close it by closing the tab.)

Also, in modern browsers, a warning will be displayed when a program looping over a certain number of times. So, it's possible to terminate the program by using this.[9]

Sensation[edit]

This event has had a great sensation of engineers in and out of Japan.[9][10][11]

Affected by this exposure, a project "Let's get arrested" has been launched on GitHub that aims to be arrested by writing and publishing similar code.[12][13][14]

Hyōgo Prefectural Police Cybercrime Control Division commented about the project that "How can you tell the same to your children?" to media coverage.[13]

Brendan Eich, the creator of JavaScript, tweeted about this events that "Even Netscape 4 a decade before Chrome let the user kill a JS iloop." "I'll be expert witness at trial. This is not a virus, it should not be a crime, and if the browser did not let the user regain control, jail the browser maker :-P.", and so on.[15][16]

Electronic Frontier Foundation(EFF) tweeted "An infinite loop is not a crime." on 3rd March.[17]

On 25 March, the Japan Hacker Association[c] started accepting donations to support legal expenses for two men who were investigated.[3]

On 26th, they announced that 553 supporters had donated approximately 7 million yen ($64,000-70,000) in a day, and they stop accepting donations on this cases.[3]

On 29 May, it was announced that two men who received the support of this donation were not prosecuted for their suspension of institution of prosecution.[18][7]However, the prosecutor showed their perception that

"On some smartphone models, it may be difficult to close it when you click the URL of the program. And in some conditions, it may be necessary to have a repair or to address the problem by specialists. So, this conflicts with the 'doesn't operate in accordance with other persons' intention' part of 'Electromagnetic records that doesn't operate in accordance with other persons' intention, or gives unauthorised commands which act against their intention, when another person uses a computer.' which is one of the requirements for establishing the computer virus law. Therefore men's act falls under the computer virus crime.", and did not change the claim "The act of posting the URL to the webpage where the program is installed falls under the 'Electromagnetic Records of Unauthorised Commands' " itself.[7]

In reaction to this, two barristers at Yokohama park law firm who were in charge of defending two men, declared themselves against prosecutors' office about suspects' suspension of institution of prosecution that "they gives an evasive attitude 'I thought this is a crime but this time I didn't prosecute them.'",

"They treats suspension of institution of prosecution as 'I think I could charge them, but this time I will not prosecute them due to their individual circumstances.' This is unavoidable to be blamed by the society for failing to fulfill its duties as a prosecutor in charge of a part of the legal profession."[19][20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 消せない画面…不正URL貼り付けた疑いで中1女子ら家宅捜索 [Indelible window, the police raided Junior high school students on suspicion of writing illegal URL.]. SANSPO.COM(サンスポ) (in Japanese). 2019-03-04. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  2. ^ a b 不正プログラム摘発 懸念の声も [Exposure of unauthorised program, some concerned voice]. 日本放送協会(NHK) (in Japanese). 2019-03-26. Archived from the original on 2019-03-26. Retrieved 2019-03-27.
  3. ^ a b c アラートループ家宅捜索(いわゆる「兵庫県警ブラクラ摘発」)事件に関する寄付の呼びかけ [Call for donation on alert loop raid (so-called Hyōgo Prefectural Police's exposure of joke program)]. Japan Hacker Association(一般社団法人日本ハッカー協会) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  4. ^ Takagi, Hiromitsu [@HiromitsuTakagi] (2019-03-23). 今になって思うに、「無限アラート」より「アラートループ」の方が適切だったなと。無限であることは本質でなく、1万回ループの設定でも同じ。 (Tweet) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22 – via Twitter.
  5. ^ a b 不正プログラム書き込み疑い補導 [A girl has taken into correctional guidance on suspicion of writing unauthorised program]. NHK (in Japanese). 2019-03-04. Archived from the original on 2019-03-04. Retrieved 2019-03-24.
  6. ^ a b 「あなたブラクラ貼ったでしょ?」→39歳男性を書類送検 検挙男性が明かす「兵庫県警“決めつけ”捜査の実態」. Netorabo(ねとらぼ) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-03-24.
  7. ^ a b c 神戸地検、「ブラクラ貼った」と書類送検された男性2人を起訴猶予処分に 「ウイルス罪に該当」との認識は変わらず. Netorabo(ねとらぼ) (in Japanese). 2019-05-29. Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  8. ^ 不正プログラム事件2人起訴猶予. NHK (in Japanese). 2019-05-29. Archived from the original on 2019-05-29. Retrieved 2019-05-31.
  9. ^ a b c Cimpanu, Catalin. "Japanese police charge 13-year-old for sharing 'unclosable popup' prank online". ZDNet. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  10. ^ Masakazu, Yanai (2019-03-20). ブラクラURL書き込みで中学生補導。広がる警察とIT業界のデジタル・デバイド、募る不信感. HARBOR BUSINESS Online (ハーバー・ビジネス・オンライン) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  11. ^ Bright, Peter (2019-03-08). "JavaScript infinite alert prank lands 13-year-old Japanese girl in hot water". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  12. ^ Kato, Kimikazu (2019-06-22). "This project is intended to protest against the police in Japan: hamukazu/lets-get-arrested". Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  13. ^ a b 「みんなで逮捕されようプロジェクト」がネット上で拡散中~サイバー犯罪対策課は「自分の子どもにもそんなことが言えるのか」と反発. データ・マックス NETIB-NEWS (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  14. ^ 「いたずらURL貼って補導」がIT業界の萎縮をまねく理由. ITmedia NEWS (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  15. ^ Eich, Brendan [@BrendanEich] (2019-03-05). "Even Netscape 4 a decade before Chrome let the user kill a JS iloop" (Tweet). Retrieved 2019-06-22 – via Twitter.
  16. ^ Eich, Brendan [@BrendanEich] (2019-03-08). "I'll be expert witness at trial. This is not a virus, it should not be a crime, and if the browser did not let the user regain control, jail the browser maker :-P" (Tweet). Retrieved 2019-06-22 – via Twitter.
  17. ^ Electronic Frontier Foundation [@EFF] (2019-03-08). "An infinite loop is not a crime.arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/03/japanese-police-charge-13-year-old-girl-for-infinite-javascript-popup-prank/ …" (Tweet). Retrieved 2019-06-22 – via Twitter.
  18. ^ 一般社団法人日本ハッカー協会 [@JapanhackerA] (2019-05-29). アラートループ事件で支援していた2名は不起訴になりました!これは、寄付をいただいた皆様と担当して頂いた弁護士の先生達の力による成果です。皆様、本当にありがとうございました!https://www.hacker.or.jp/alertloop/ (Tweet) (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22 – via Twitter.
  19. ^ アラートループ事件の被疑者2名に対する起訴猶予処分を受けて [In response to suspension of institution of prosecution of two suspects in the alert loop incidents.]. www.yokohama-park-law.com (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  20. ^ "「アラートループ」で書類送検の男性2人、不起訴処分 弁護人「検察はお茶を濁した」". 弁護士ドットコム (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  1. ^ There is no official translation of this law, but it is generally known as computer viruses law in Japanese community. If I translate the official name of this law strictly, it is "Crimes Related to Electromagnetic Records of Unauthorised Commands".
  2. ^ What these five people have done is to write a link to the page where the program is located, not the installer of the program.
  3. ^ The Japan Hacker Association is a Japanese general incorporated association. They defines "a person who has a deeper technical knowledge mainly on computers and electrical circuits in general than ordinary people, and to clear technical problems by using that knowledge" as a hacker. And when a registered hacker gets investigated in an incident, they provides legal assistance, such as subsidizing legal expences and introducing barristers. Also they introducing skilled hackers to companies that want engineers.