Draft:Dorothy Hayes (graphic designer)
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Dorothy Hayes (December 1, 1935 – July 31, 2015) was an American graphic designer and educator from Mobile, Alabama, and the owner of Dorothy's Door, a commercial design agency in New York. She attended Alabama State College and then moved to New York in 1958 to continue her education at Pratt Institute, New York Institute of Advertising, and Cooper Union School of Art, where she received a design degree in 1967. On Hayes' early employment in the design field, she said, “I was employed by a well-known broadcasting company and led to believe that I would hold a design position, yet I was never allowed to do anything but non-creative work. I was frankly told that my employment was simply a form of tokenism.” In an effort to support and advocate for other black designers like herself, Hayes teamed with book designer Joyce Hopkins in 1970 to curate 49 black designers into an exhibition entitled Black Artist in Graphic Communication at the Rhode Island School of Design's Woods-Gerry Mansion.
- "Obituary: Prof. Dorothy E. Hayes". Dignity Memorial. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- Jackson, Dorothy. "The Black Experience in Graphic Design". printmag.com. Print Magazine. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- "Black Artist in Graphic Communication / Dorothy Hayes". Digital Commons at RISD. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
- Kirkham, Pat; Stallworth, Shauna (2002). Women Designers in the USA, 1900-2000: Diversity and Difference (2 ed.). Yale University Press. p. 136.