43rd Quebec general election
125 seats in the National Assembly of Quebec
63 seats needed for a majority
The 43rd Quebec general election is scheduled to take place on or before October 3, 2022 to elect the members of the National Assembly of Quebec. Under the province's fixed election date law, passed in 2013, "the general election following the end of a Legislature shall be held on the first Monday of October of the fourth calendar year following the year that includes the last day of the previous Legislature", setting the date for October 3, 2022. However, the act does not fetter the discretion of the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec to dissolve the legislature before that time, in accordance with the usual conventions of the Westminster parliamentary system.
The 2018 general election resulted in a victory for the Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ) led by François Legault won 74 of 125 seats, giving the party a majority and unseating the Philippe Couillard's Liberal Party after a single term in office. Couillard would subsequently resign as Liberal leader and be replaced on an interim basis by Pierre Arcand until his successor is chosen.
Both the Parti Québécois and Québec solidaire won 10 seats each, less than the 12 seats needed for official party status; Parti Québécois leader Jean-François Lisée, defeated in his bid for re-election, would subsequently resign as party leader and be replaced on an interim basis by Pascal Bérubé until his successor is chosen.
|Coalition Avenir Québec||François Legault||74||75|
|Liberal||Pierre Arcand (interim)||31||28|
|Québec solidaire||Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois
|Parti Québécois||Pascal Bérubé (interim)||10||9|
- October 1, 2018: The Coalition Avenir Québec led by François Legault wins a majority government in the 42nd Quebec general election. Parti Québécois leader Jean-François Lisée, defeated in his bid for re-election, announces his resignation as party leader.
- October 4, 2018: Outgoing Premier Philippe Couillard resigns as leader of the Quebec Liberal Party and as MNA for Roberval.
- October 5, 2018:
- October 9, 2018: Matane-Matapédia MNA Pascal Bérubé is named interim leader of the Parti Québécois
- December 10, 2018: A by-election is held in Roberval, with CAQ candidate Nancy Guillemette gaining the seat from the Liberals.
- March 11, 2019: Marie-Victorin MNA Catherine Fournier leaves the Parti Québécois caucus to sit as an independent, claiming that the party had lost its way ideologically.
- August 30, 2019: Jean-Talon MNA Sébastien Proulx announced that he is resigning as MNA.
|Québec's 2022 Electoral reform Referendum|
|Do you agree with replacing the first-past-the-post electoral system by the mixed electoral system with regional compensation set out in the Act to establish a new electoral system?|
French: Êtes-vous en accord avec le remplacement du mode de scrutin majoritaire uninominal à un tour par le mode de scrutin mixte avec compensation régionale prévu par la Loi établissant un nouveau mode de scrutin?
|Date||October 3, 2022|
François Legault was elected on a promise to reform the electoral system within a year of his victory. On 25 September 2019, Minister of Justice Sonia Lebel presented Bill 39, An Act to establish a new electoral system which aims to replace the First-part-the-post electoral system in favour of a mixed-member proportional representation system. The Bill has not yet been debated in parliament.
According to the bill, the National Assembly would keep 125 members, 80 of which would be elected by receiving a plurality of votes in a single-member district (as usual), while the remaining 45 members would be chosen relative to a new party list vote, according to their order in the regional party list. All 16 regions of Québec would be guaranteed at least one list MP. The system would thus be similar to the Additional member system of the Scottish and Welsh Assemblies created in 1999.
However, the reform wouldn't affect the 43rd general election likely to be held in 2022, as the bill ties the reform with a popular approval in a referendum, to be held on the same day as the general election. Should this referendum be successful, then the first legislature to be elected under mixed-member proportional would be the 44th, in October 2026 at the latest.
|Polling organisation||Last date of polling||Source||CAQ||Liberal||PQ||QS||Other||Sample size||Margin of error||Lead|
|Mainstreet||July 2, 2019||HTML||47.8||21.7||10.5||14.5||5.6||871||±3.32%||26.1|
|Forum||June 12, 2019||46||16||13||19||6||1,407–71||±2.5%||24|
|Leger||May 21, 2019||HTML||46||23||14||13||4||979||±3%||23|
|Mainstreet||March 21, 2019||45.3||22.3||10.4||14.7||7.2||940||±3.20%||23.0|
|Leger||March 11, 2019||44||21||15||15||5||1,014||±3.08%||23|
|Leger||January 28, 2019||42||22||18||15||3||1,007||±3.09%||20|
|Mainstreet||January 18, 2019||44.5||26.1||8.9||15.8||4.8||979||±3.13%||18.4|
|Mainstreet||November 7, 2018||HTML||39.4||22.8||14.1||19.0||4.7||896||±3.27%||16.6|
|2018 election||October 1, 2018||37.42||24.82||17.06||16.10||4.60||4,033,538||12.6|
- "Québec solidaire". Élections Québec. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- An Act to amend the Election Act for the purpose of establishing fixed-date elections, L.Q. 2013, c. 13, s. 3
- Hinkson, Kamila (October 4, 2018). "Philippe Couillard steps down, making way for a 'new generation' of Quebec Liberals". CBC News. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Authier, Philip (October 5, 2018). "New interim Liberal leader Pierre Arcand takes aim at CAQ and QS". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Stober, Eric; Laframboise, Kalina (October 1, 2018). "Parti Québécois Leader Jean-François Lisée steps down after losing own riding of Rosemont". Global News. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- "Pascal Bérubé named interim Parti Québécois leader". CBC News. October 9, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- "Guy Ouellette expelled from Liberal caucus". CBC News. October 5, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- "'Destroyed' by investigation, Guy Ouellette sues Quebec government for $550K". CBC News. November 22, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- "Roberval elects CAQ candidate Nancy Guillemette". CTV News. December 11, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- "'They've lost their way': PQ MNA Catherine Fournier quits party". CTV Montreal. March 11, 2019. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Authier, Philip (2019-08-31). "Former Liberal minister Sébastien Proulx announces he's leaving politics". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
- "Bill 39 – An act to establish a new electoral system". National Assembly of Québec. Retrieved 2019-10-22.