Vanderburgh County, Indiana

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Vanderburgh County, Indiana
Oldcourthouse.jpg
Seal of Vanderburgh County, Indiana
Seal
Map of Indiana highlighting Vanderburgh County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded January 7, 1818
Named for Henry Vanderburgh
Seat Evansville
Largest city Evansville
Area
 • Total 236.33 sq mi (612 km2)
 • Land 233.48 sq mi (605 km2)
 • Water 2.86 sq mi (7 km2), 1.21%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2014) 182,006
 • Density 766/sq mi (295.81/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/ -5
Website www.vanderburghgov.org

Footnotes:  

  • Indiana county number 82
  • Seventh largest county in Indiana by population as of 2010
  • Eighth smallest county in Indiana by area
Vanderburgh County
Sheriff's Department
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction * County (United States) of Vanderburgh in the state of Indiana, United States
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
General nature
Operational structure
Agency executive Dave Wedding, Acting Sheriff
Facilities
Jails 1
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

Vanderburgh County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 179,703. [1] The county seat is in Evansville. [2] While Vanderburgh County was the seventh largest county in 2010 population with 179,703 people, it is also the eighth smallest county in area in Indiana and the smallest in Southwestern Indiana, covering only 236 sq mi. In 2012, the population was 180,835. [3]

Vanderburgh County forms the core of the Evansville Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Vanderburgh County was formed on January 7, 1818, from Gibson, Posey, and Warrick counties. It was named for Captain Henry Vanderburgh, Revolutionary War veteran and judge for the Indiana Territory.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 236.33 square miles (612.1 km2), of which 233.48 square miles (604.7 km2) (or 98.79%) is land and 2.86 square miles (7.4 km2) (or 1.21%) is water. [4]

Regional

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated towns

Townships

(2000 Population)

Major highways

Climate and weather

Evansville, Indiana
Climate chart ( explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.1
 
 
42
25
 
 
3.3
 
 
48
29
 
 
4.5
 
 
59
37
 
 
4.5
 
 
70
46
 
 
4.8
 
 
79
55
 
 
4.2
 
 
87
64
 
 
4.1
 
 
91
69
 
 
3.1
 
 
90
67
 
 
3.2
 
 
83
60
 
 
3
 
 
72
48
 
 
4.3
 
 
58
39
 
 
3.7
 
 
46
29
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Evansville have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 91 °F (33 °C) in July, although a record low of −17 °F (−27 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.96 inches (75 mm) in October to 4.78 inches (121 mm) in May. [5]

Government

Presidential Elections Results [6]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 55.2% 40,496 38.9% 28,530 5.9% 4,343
2012 54.3% 39,389 43.7% 31,725 2.0% 1,474
2008 48.2% 37,512 50.6% 39,423 1.3% 978
2004 58.7% 41,463 40.7% 28,767 0.6% 424
2000 54.1% 35,846 44.1% 29,222 1.7% 1,153
1996 43.2% 28,509 46.9% 30,934 9.9% 6,518
1992 39.4% 30,271 44.0% 33,799 16.6% 12,770
1988 55.3% 38,928 44.4% 31,270 0.4% 255
1984 56.7% 40,994 42.9% 31,049 0.4% 287
1980 51.1% 36,248 42.2% 29,930 6.8% 4,804
1976 51.9% 37,975 47.7% 34,911 0.4% 325
1972 68.3% 48,806 31.0% 22,163 0.7% 468
1968 49.3% 38,231 40.4% 31,326 10.3% 8,020
1964 37.1% 27,231 62.4% 45,796 0.5% 380
1960 52.9% 41,068 46.8% 36,330 0.3% 237
1956 57.7% 42,462 41.9% 30,860 0.4% 297
1952 58.2% 42,010 41.2% 29,718 0.6% 459
1948 45.3% 27,584 53.6% 32,640 1.2% 732
1944 46.9% 30,684 52.6% 34,440 0.5% 338
1940 42.3% 28,417 57.3% 38,567 0.4% 283
1936 25.8% 14,725 72.7% 41,490 1.5% 870
1932 33.9% 16,873 64.0% 31,828 2.1% 1,051
1928 59.4% 29,067 40.2% 19,646 0.4% 192
1924 55.3% 25,907 36.7% 17,186 8.0% 3,763
1920 52.4% 19,357 37.6% 13,904 10.0% 3,685
1916 47.5% 9,966 47.8% 10,028 4.7% 979
1912 27.4% 4,839 40.8% 7,219 31.8% 5,624
1908 49.4% 9,116 43.6% 8,033 7.0% 1,294
1904 51.7% 8,624 35.3% 5,885 13.1% 2,187
1900 51.6% 8,228 45.0% 7,178 3.4% 544
1896 52.7% 8,068 46.6% 7,132 0.6% 97
1892 48.5% 6,175 48.5% 6,166 3.0% 386
1888 50.2% 6,027 49.1% 5,889 0.7% 82

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the fiscal branch of the county government that has the legislative responsibilities for the spending and revenue collection in the county. Four representatives are elected from county districts and three are elected at-large by the entire county. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes. [7] [8]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide but must live within the district of the seat they hold, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government. [7] [8]

Court: The county has eight state trial courts of original jurisdiction. One circuit court and seven superior courts. The judges offices are non-partisan with terms of six years. A judge must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judges are assisted by magistrates that are appointed. circuit court. [8]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county. [8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,798
1830 2,611 45.2%
1840 6,250 139.4%
1850 11,414 82.6%
1860 20,552 80.1%
1870 33,145 61.3%
1880 42,193 27.3%
1890 59,809 41.8%
1900 71,769 20.0%
1910 77,438 7.9%
1920 92,293 19.2%
1930 113,320 22.8%
1940 130,783 15.4%
1950 160,422 22.7%
1960 165,794 3.3%
1970 168,772 1.8%
1980 167,515 −0.7%
1990 165,058 −1.5%
2000 171,922 4.2%
2010 179,703 4.5%
Est. 2016 181,721 [9] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 179,703 people, 74,454 households, and 45,118 families residing in the county. [14] The population density was 769.7 inhabitants per square mile (297.2/km2). There were 83,003 housing units at an average density of 355.5 per square mile (137.3/km2). [4] The racial makeup of the county was 86.2% white, 9.1% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population. [14] In terms of ancestry, 32.3% were German, 18.3% were American, 11.7% were Irish, and 9.4% were English. [15]

Of the 74,454 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.4% were non-families, and 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 37.5 years. [14]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $57,076. Males had a median income of $42,663 versus $31,037 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,945. About 10.7% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. [16]


VANDERBURGH COUNTY INDIANA INFORMATION

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