Scottsbluff, Nebraska

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Scottsbluff, Nebraska
City
Aerial view of Scottsbluff.
Aerial view of Scottsbluff.
Location of Scottsbluff, Nebraska
Location of Scottsbluff, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°52′2″N 103°39′39″W / 41.86722°N 103.66083°W / 41.86722; -103.66083
SCOTTSBLUFF NEBRASKA Latitude and Longitude:

41°52′2″N 103°39′39″W / 41.86722°N 103.66083°W / 41.86722; -103.66083
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Scotts Bluff
Founded 1900
Government
 • Mayor Randy Meininger
Area [1]
 • Total 6.27 sq mi (16.24 km2)
 • Land 6.22 sq mi (16.11 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation 3,891 ft (1,186 m)
Population ( 2010) [2]
 • Total 15,039
 • Estimate (2016) [3] 14,883
 • Density 2,400/sq mi (930/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) ( UTC-7)
 • Summer ( DST) MDT ( UTC-6)
ZIP codes 69361, 69363
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-44245
GNIS feature ID 0833318 [4]
Website www.scottsbluff.org

Scottsbluff is a city in Scotts Bluff County, in the western part of the state of Nebraska, in the Great Plains region of the United States. The population was 15,039 at the 2010 census. Scottsbluff is the largest city in the Nebraska Panhandle, and the 13th largest city in Nebraska.

Scottsbluff was founded in 1899 across the North Platte River from its namesake, a bluff that is now a U.S. National Park called Scotts Bluff National Monument. The monument was named after Hiram Scott (1805–1828), a fur trader with the Rocky Mountain Fur Company who was found dead in the vicinity on the return trip from a fur expedition. The smaller town of Gering had been founded south of the river in 1887. The two cities have since grown together to form the 7th largest urban area ( Scottsbluff Micropolitan Statistical Area) in Nebraska.

History

Scottsbluff was laid out in 1899 when the railroad was extended to that point. [5]

Other names

In the Lakota language, Scottsbluff is called pȟaŋkéska wakpá otȟúŋwahe (" Platte River City", lit. " abalone river city"). [6]

Geography and climate

Scottsbluff is located at 41°52′2″N 103°39′39″W / 41.86722°N 103.66083°W / 41.86722; -103.66083 (41.867140, −103.660709). [7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.27 square miles (16.24 km2), of which, 6.22 square miles (16.11 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water. [1]

Scottsbluff has a semi-arid climate ( Köppen climate classification BSk), with wide seasonal and day-to-day variation as well as a large diurnal temperature variation, and is located in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 5. [8] Summers are hot, and winters dry and cold, though chinook winds can loosen the cold's grip, often bringing temperatures above 50 °F (10 °C). The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 26.1 °F (−3.3 °C) in January to 74.1 °F (23.4 °C) in July. Over the course of a year, there is an average 4.2 afternoons with 100 °F (37.8 °C)+ highs, 43 afternoons with 90 °F (32.2 °C)+ highs, and thirteen mornings with sub-0 °F (−17.8 °C) lows. [9]

Extremes in temperature have ranged from 110 °F (43.3 °C) on 11 July 1939, down to −45 °F (−42.8 °C) on 12 February 1899. The year 1989 saw temperatures as extreme as 109 °F (42.8 °C) and −42 °F (−41.1 °C), [10] whilst the month of February 1962 saw temperatures as hot as 77 °F or 25 °C on the 11th and as cold as −28 °F or −33.3 °C on the 28th. [11]

Precipitation is heavily concentrated in the spring and summer months, with only May and June averaging over 2 inches or 50.8 millimetres. The wettest single day has been June 7, 1953 with 3.18 inches or 80.8 millimetres of rain, whilst the wettest calendar month on record has been June 1947 with 8.33 inches (211.6 mm) and the wettest calendar year 1915 with 27.48 inches (698.0 mm). The months of November 1939 and March 2012 did not see even a trace of precipitation, whilst nineteen other months since 1893 have seen only a trace. The driest calendar year has been 2012 with 6.99 inches (177.5 mm). [11] Snow typically falls in light amounts, with a 1981−2010 seasonal average of 42.1 inches or 1.07 metres; the most snow in one month has been 31.3 inches (0.80 m) in October 2009, and the greatest depth of snow on the ground 23 inches or 0.58 metres on April 14, 1927. The most snowfall in a season is 81.9 inches or 2.08 metres between July 2009 and June 2010; the least snow being 13.5 inches or 0.34 metres between July 1933 and June 1934. [11]

Climate data for Scottsbluff, Nebraska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
77
(25)
87
(31)
93
(34)
103
(39)
106
(41)
110
(43)
106
(41)
102
(39)
93
(34)
80
(27)
77
(25)
110
(43)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 62
(17)
66
(19)
75
(24)
83
(28)
91
(33)
98
(37)
102
(39)
100
(38)
95
(35)
85
(29)
73
(23)
62
(17)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 40.8
(4.9)
44.4
(6.9)
52.7
(11.5)
61.4
(16.3)
71.6
(22)
82.1
(27.8)
89.8
(32.1)
87.7
(30.9)
77.9
(25.5)
64.1
(17.8)
50.2
(10.1)
39.6
(4.2)
63.6
(17.6)
Average low °F (°C) 13.7
(−10.2)
16.3
(−8.7)
23.8
(−4.6)
31.9
(−0.1)
42.9
(6.1)
52.3
(11.3)
58.3
(14.6)
56.2
(13.4)
45.4
(7.4)
32.9
(0.5)
21.5
(−5.8)
12.5
(−10.8)
34.1
(1.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −8
(−22)
−6
(−21)
7
(−14)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
50
(10)
47
(8)
31
(−1)
17
(−8)
3
(−16)
−11
(−24)
−19
(−28)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−45
(−43)
−27
(−33)
−8
(−22)
12
(−11)
30
(−1)
35
(2)
30
(−1)
14
(−10)
−6
(−21)
−21
(−29)
−42
(−41)
−45
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.41
(10.4)
0.60
(15.2)
1.00
(25.4)
1.83
(46.5)
2.48
(63)
2.85
(72.4)
1.83
(46.5)
1.30
(33)
1.18
(30)
1.14
(29)
0.66
(16.8)
0.51
(13)
15.79
(401.2)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.4
(13.7)
7.0
(17.8)
7.8
(19.8)
5.4
(13.7)
.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.7
(6.9)
5.7
(14.5)
7.1
(18)
42.1
(107)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.6 5.3 6.8 8.9 11.4 10.8 7.8 7.3 7.2 6.5 5.2 5.4 87.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.4 4.4 4.7 2.9 .3 0 0 0 .3 1.5 3.6 4.9 27.0
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1981–2010), [12] ThreadEx (extremes 1893–present) [10]
Source #2: NWS Cheyenne (mean maxima and minima) [11]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,746
1920 6,912 295.9%
1930 8,465 22.5%
1940 12,057 42.4%
1950 12,858 6.6%
1960 13,377 4.0%
1970 14,507 8.4%
1980 14,156 −2.4%
1990 13,711 −3.1%
2000 14,732 7.4%
2010 15,039 2.1%
Est. 2016 14,883 [3] −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]
2012 Estimate [14]
Overlooking Scottsbluff (to the left) and Gering (to the right) from Scotts Bluff National Monument

2010 census

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 15,039 people, 6,168 households, and 3,672 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,417.8 inhabitants per square mile (933.5/km2). There were 6,712 housing units at an average density of 1,079.1 per square mile (416.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.0% White, 0.8% African American, 3.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 9.8% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 29.1% of the population.

There were 6,168 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.5% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 36 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

According to a 2009 article in Quality Health entitled 10 Fattest Cities in America, 31% of Scottsbluff's population is obese, making it the 7th fattest city in America. [15]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,732 people, 6,088 households, and 3,841 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,504.5 people per square mile (967.4/km²). There were 6,559 housing units at an average density of 1,115.1 per square mile (430.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.88% White, 0.44% African American, 3.20% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.60% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.59% of the population.

There were 6,088 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $29,938, and the median income for a family was $37,778. Males had a median income of $30,307 versus $20,854 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,065. About 14.5% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Scottsbluff is home to the main campus of Western Nebraska Community College. In addition, several other Nebraska institutions maintain centers and offer select courses or programs in the city, including the University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Nursing, Chadron State College, and the University of Nebraska (Panhandle Research and Extension Center).

The now-defunct Hiram Scott College was also located a few miles north of the city.

Points of interest

Landmark buildings

The Midwest Theater in downtown Scottsbluff is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Media

Scottsbluff Radio
Frequency Call sign Name Format City of license Ownership
690 AM KOAQ Country Legends Classic Country Terrytown, Nebraska Armada Media
960 AM KNEB (AM) 960 Rural Radio News/Talk Scottsbluff, Nebraska Nebraska Rural Radio Association
1320 AM KOLT 1320 the Talk Of Wyobraska News/Talk Scottsbluff, Nebraska Armada Media
93.3 FM KMOR Rock of the Bluffs Classic Rock Gering, Nebraska Armada Media
94.1 FM KNEB-FM Better Country KNEB Country Scottsbluff, NE Nebraska Rural Radio Association
99.3 FM KETT 99.3 Adult Contemporary Mitchell, NE Armada Media
101.3 FM KOZY-FM KOZY Top 40 Bridgeport, NE Armada Media
105.9 FM KAAQ Double Q Country Country Alliance, NE Eagle Communications
106.9 FM KHYY Wild Country Country Minatare, NE Armada Media

Major highways

  • US 26.svg U.S. Highway 26 - east-west route through Scottsbluff
  • N-71 Nebraska Route 71 - north-south route through Scottsbluff
  • N-92 Nebraska Route 92 - route going west from Scottsbluff to Wyoming border.

Airport

The Scottsbluff area is served by Western Nebraska Regional Airport.

Notable people


SCOTTSBLUFF NEBRASKA INFORMATION


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