Millburn, New Jersey

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Millburn, New Jersey
Township
Township of Millburn
South Mountain Reservation in Millburn
Official seal of Millburn, New Jersey
Seal
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Essex County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Millburn, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Millburn, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°44′30″N 74°19′17″W / 40.741612°N 74.321282°W / 40.741612; -74.321282
MILLBURN NEW JERSEY Latitude and Longitude:

40°44′30″N 74°19′17″W / 40.741612°N 74.321282°W / 40.741612; -74.321282
[1] [2]
Country   United States
State   New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated March 20, 1857
Government [7]
 • Type Township
 • Body Township Committee
 •  Mayor Cheryl Burstein ( D, term ends December 31, 2017) [3] [4]
 •  Administrator Alexander McDonald [5]
 •  Municipal clerk Christine Gatti [6]
Area [1]
 • Total 9.876 sq mi (25.579 km2)
 • Land 9.322 sq mi (24.145 km2)
 • Water 0.554 sq mi (1.434 km2)  5.61%
Area rank 211th of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county [1]
Elevation [8] 394 ft (120 m)
Population ( 2010 Census) [9] [10] [11] [12]
 • Total 20,149
 • Estimate (2016) [13] 20,308
 • Rank 129th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county [14]
 • Density 2,161.3/sq mi (834.5/km2)
 • Density rank 280th of 566 in state
16th of 22 in county [14]
Time zone EST ( UTC-5)
 • Summer ( DST) Eastern (EDT) ( UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07041 - Millburn [15]
07078 - Short Hills [16] [17]
Area code(s) 973 [18] [19]
FIPS code 3401346380 [1] [20] [21]
GNIS feature ID 0882221 [1] [22]
Website www.twp.millburn.nj.us

Millburn is a suburban township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 20,149, [9] [10] [11] reflecting an increase of 384 (+1.9%) from the 19,765 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,135 (+6.1%) from the 18,630 counted in the 1990 Census. [23]

Millburn was created as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 20, 1857, from portions of Springfield Township, when Union County was formed. [24] Earlier known variously as Milltown, Millville, Rum Brook and Vauxhall, the name "Millburn" was adopted before the township was established. The township's name derives from the burn ( Scottish for a stream) that powered mills in the area. [25] [26]

The township is home to the South Mountain Reservation, The Mall at Short Hills and the Paper Mill Playhouse, an established regional theater.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Millburn as the 53rd best place to live in New Jersey in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. [27]

Millburn had the highest annual property tax bills in New Jersey in 2009 at $19,097, compared to the statewide average of $7,300 that year, which was the highest in the United States. [28] This is primarily a function of high property values, as Millburn had the lowest effective property tax rate in 2014 (1.9%) among the 22 municipalities in Essex County. [29]

History

In June 2007, Millburn celebrated its 150th birthday in its downtown, in one of the biggest celebrations in Millburn history. [30]

Geography

Downtown Millburn.png

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 9.876 square miles (25.579 km2), including 9.322 square miles (24.145 km2) of land and 0.554 square mile (1.434 km2) of water (5.61%). [1] [2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Brantwood, Canoe Brook, Short Hills, Washington Rock, White Oak Ridge and Wyoming. [31] Millburn comprises the historic Wyoming district and the South Mountain and Millburn Center areas. Short Hills contains the sections of Knollwood, Glenwood, Brookhaven, Country Club, Merrywood, Deerfield-Crossroads, Mountaintop, White Oak Ridge, and Old Short Hills Estates. [32]

Situated approximately 15 miles (24 km) from Manhattan, Millburn Township is bordered by the Essex County communities of Livingston and West Orange to the north and northeast, and Maplewood to the east; the Morris County communities of Florham Park and Chatham Borough to the west and southwest, and the Union County communities of Summit to the south, and Springfield and Union Townships to the southeast. [33]

The West Branch of the Rahway River runs through downtown Millburn. [34]

Economy

Dun & Bradstreet has its headquarters in the Short Hills section of Millburn. [35]

The Mall at Short Hills is an upscale shopping mall anchored by Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom, Bloomingdale's and Macy's, with a gross leasable area of 1,400,000 square feet (130,000 m2). [36]

Arts and culture

The Paper Mill Playhouse is one of the oldest regional theaters
Clock tower at the intersection of Main and Essex Streets
Taylor Park

Parks and recreation

Fishing and kayaking is available on the Rahway River.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,630
1870 1,675 2.8%
1880 1,743 4.1%
1890 2,437 39.8%
1900 2,837 16.4%
1910 3,720 31.1%
1920 4,633 24.5%
1930 8,602 85.7%
1940 11,652 35.5%
1950 14,560 25.0%
1960 18,799 29.1%
1970 21,089 12.2%
1980 19,543 −7.3%
1990 18,630 −4.7%
2000 19,765 6.1%
2010 20,149 1.9%
Est. 2016 20,308 [13] [44] 0.8%
Population sources: 1860-1920 [45]
1860-1870 [46] 1870 [47] 1880-1890 [48]
1890-1910 [49] 1910-1930 [50]
1930-1990 [51] 2000 [52] [53] 2010 [9] [10] [11]

Millburn has one of the largest Jewish communities in Essex County, along with neighboring Livingston and South Orange. [54] Philip Roth's popular novel Goodbye, Columbus about a newly affluent Jewish family in the 1950s, was set in the Short Hills section of Millburn, and a key scene takes place at the Millburn High School track. [55]

The township has attracted professionals moving out of Manhattan, thanks to direct train service to Penn Station. [56]

In a report performed by the United Way of Northern New Jersey based on 2012 data, around 11% of Millburn households were classified as "Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed" households (below a threshold of $50,000 for households below 65, below $35,000 for those over 65), struggling with basic necessities, such as housing, childcare, food, health care, and transportation, compared to 38% statewide and 47% in Essex County. [57]

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,149 people, 6,813 households, and 5,553 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,161.3 per square mile (834.5/km2). There were 7,106 housing units at an average density of 762.2 per square mile (294.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.17% (16,154) White, 1.63% (329) Black or African American, 0.03% (6) Native American, 15.66% (3,155) Asian, 0.02% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.51% (103) from other races, and 1.97% (397) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% (703) of the population. [9]

There were 6,813 households out of which 48.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.32. [9]

In the township, the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 90.8 males. [9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $165,603 (with a margin of error of +/- $9,937) and the median family income was $194,421 (+/- $14,492). Males had a median income of $136,031 (+/- $14,137) versus $81,152 (+/- $9,621) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $84,663 (+/- $5,971). About 1.3% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over. [58]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census [20] there were 19,765 people, 7,015 households, and 5,604 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,106.2 people per square mile (813.6/km2). There were 7,158 housing units at an average density of 762.8 per square mile (294.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.91% White, 8.40% Asian, 1.10% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.04% of the population. The most common reported ancestries in 2000 were 13.5% Italian, 12.2% Irish, 11.7% Russian and 11.5% German. [52] [53]

There were 7,015 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.19. [52] [53]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males. [52] [53]

The median income for a household in the township was $130,848, and the median income for a family was $158,888. Males had a median income of $100,000+ versus $51,603 for females. The per capita income for the township was $76,796. About 1.2% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over. [52] [53]

Government

Local government

Millburn Avenue in downtown

Since its incorporation as a municipality in 1857, Millburn has operated under the Township form of government. The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle. [7] [59] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. A Business Administrator manages the day-to-day functions of the Township.

As of 2017, members of the Township Committee are Mayor Cheryl H. Burstein ( D, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2017), Deputy Mayor Jodi L. Rosenberg ( R, term on committee ends 2018, term and as deputy mayor ends 2017), Diane T. Eglow (D, 2019), Samuel D. Levy (D, 2019) and Robert J. Tillotson (R, 2017). [3] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64]

Sandra Haimoff became Mayor in 2008 following the expiration of former mayor Daniel Baer's term on December 31, 2007. [65] Daniel Baer's service had marked the first time in the history of the town that a Democrat held the title of Mayor. [66]

Federal, state and county representation

Millburn is located in the 7th Congressional District [67] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district. [10] [68] [69] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Millburn had been in the 21st state legislative district. [70] Prior to the 2010 Census, Millburn had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. [70]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance ( R, Clinton Township). [71] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker ( Newark, term ends 2021) [72] and Bob Menendez ( Paramus, 2019). [73] [74]

For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey ( D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange). [75] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie ( R, Mendham Township). [76] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach). [77]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. [78] As of 2016, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. [79] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018. [78] [80] [81] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Britnee N. Timberlake (District 3 – East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange) [82] Freeholder Vice President Brendan W. Gill (at large; Montclair), [83] Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark), [84] Lebby C. Jones (at large; Irvington), [85] Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston), [86] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), [87] Wayne L. Richardson (District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark), [88] Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell), [89] and Cynthia D. Toro (District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield). [90] [91] [92] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2020), [93] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield, 2018) [94] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (2016). [95] [80]

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 14,099 registered voters in Millburn, of which 4,512 (32.0%) were registered as Democrats, 3,214 (22.8%) were registered as Republicans and 6,361 (45.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties. [96]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.3% of the vote (5,142 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 44.0% (4,087 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (70 votes), among the 11,587 ballots cast by the township's 14,594 registered voters (2,288 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 79.4%. [97] [98] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 58.6% of the vote (6,097 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 39.8% (4,144 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (72 votes), among the 10,410 ballots cast by the township's 14,034 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.2%. [99] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 55.1% of the vote (5,682 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 43.9% (4,525 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (83 votes), among the 10,315 ballots cast by the township's 13,548 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.1. [100]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 63.5% of the vote (3,301 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 35.3% (1,833 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (65 votes), among the 5,320 ballots cast by the township's 14,670 registered voters (121 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 36.3%. [101] [102] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 47.9% of the vote (3,308 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 44.6% (3,080 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.4% (445 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (27 votes), among the 6,906 ballots cast by the township's 13,913 registered voters, yielding a 49.6% turnout. [103]

Community organizations

Down the Block, Inc., a 501(c)3 organization, was formed by residents in 2009 to pay bills on behalf of Millburn residents in financial distress. [104]

New Eyes for the Needy is a non-profit organization started in 1932 as New Eyes (incorporated 1948) and based in Short Hills, which provides people in the United States with eyeglasses and sends recycled eyeglasses to needy people overseas. [105]

Education

Glenwood Elementary School
Millburn Free Public Library

The Millburn Township Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's seven schools had an enrollment of 4,854 students and 371.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.06:1. [106] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics [107]) are five elementary schools — Deerfield Elementary School [108] (526 students in grades PreK-5), Glenwood Elementary School [109] (488; K-5), Hartshorn Elementary School [110] (544; K-5), South Mountain Elementary School [111] (330; PreK-5) and Wyoming Elementary School [112] (336; K-5) — Millburn Middle School [113] for sixth through eighth grade (1,151) and Millburn High School [114] for grades 9-12 (1,479). [115] [116]

In its 2015 report on "America's Top High Schools", Newsweek ranked Millburn the #1 open-admission and #4 non- magnet school in the nation. It placed 13th overall in the U.S. and 8th in the state among all participating public high schools (including selective admission and magnet schools). All schools ranked above Millburn are selective enrollment per their respective websites and are listed as magnet programs on Wikipedia. [117] [118] [119] [120]

The district's high school was the fifth-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology. [121] The school had been ranked 8th in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 1st in 2010 out of 322 schools listed. [122] The magazine also ranked Millburn as the top high school in New Jersey in its 2008 rankings. [123]

The influx of younger families into the community has led to significant growth in public school enrollment, with enrollment doubling from 1990 to 2007. [56]

Far Brook School is a private, nonsectarian coeducational day school located in the Short Hills section of Millburn, serving students in nursery through eighth grade, with a total enrollment of 226 students. [124] The Pingry School's Lower School (K-6) campus is located in Short Hills.

St. Rose of Lima Academy is a Catholic school with 260 students in PreK-3 to 8th grade, operating under the auspices of the Archdiocese of Newark, [125] that was established in 1869 and granted academy status in 2008. [126] In September 2013, the St. Rose of Lima Academy was one of 15 schools in New Jersey to be recognized by the United States Department of Education as part of the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program, an award called the "most prestigious honor in the United States' education system" and which Education Secretary Arne Duncan described as honoring schools that "represent examples of educational excellence". [127] [128]

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 100.77 miles (162.17 km) of roadways, of which 81.45 miles (131.08 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.65 miles (25.19 km) by Essex County and 3.67 miles (5.91 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. [129]

A variety of roads serve Millburn. Major county routes include CR 510, CR 527 and CR 577. Route 24 and Route 124 also pass through along the southwestern border with Summit. Interstate 78 passes through the very southern tip of the township in the area of exit 49.

Public transportation

Millburn Township is served by two NJ Transit railroad stations along the Morristown Line, providing service to Newark Broad Street Station, Secaucus Junction, and New York Penn Station, as well as to Hoboken Terminal. [130] The Millburn station is located at the intersection of Essex Street and Lackawanna Place near the Millburn Free Public Library, [131] and the Short Hills station is located near The Crescent Street between Hobart Avenue and Chatham Road. [132] The latter station is also the site of the Millburn-Short Hills Historical Society's museum. [133]

New Jersey Transit operates bus service in the township, including the 70 route that stops at the Millburn railroad station on a route between Newark and Livingston, with local service on the 873 route. [134]

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Millburn include:


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