Hernando, Mississippi

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Hernando, Mississippi
City
Courthouse in Hernando
Courthouse in Hernando
Motto: "Mississippi's Front Porch"
Location of Hernando, Mississippi
Location of Hernando, Mississippi
Hernando, Mississippi is located in the US
Hernando, Mississippi
Hernando, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°49′51″N 89°59′37″W / 34.83083°N 89.99361°W / 34.83083; -89.99361
HERNANDO MISSISSIPPI Latitude and Longitude:

34°49′51″N 89°59′37″W / 34.83083°N 89.99361°W / 34.83083; -89.99361
Country United States
State Mississippi
County DeSoto
Established 1839
Government
 • Mayor N.C. Tom Ferguson
Area
 • Total 25.8 sq mi (66.9 km2)
 • Land 25.7 sq mi (66.6 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 381 ft (116 m)
Population ( 2010)
 • Total 14,090
 • Estimate (2016) [1] 15,631
 • Density 550/sq mi (210/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) ( UTC-6)
 • Summer ( DST) CDT ( UTC-5)
ZIP code 38632
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-31780
GNIS feature ID 0690292
Website www.cityofhernando.org

Hernando is a city in and the county seat of DeSoto County, which is on the northwest border of Mississippi, United States. [2] The population was 14,090 at the 2010 census, [3] up from 6,812 in 2000. DeSoto County is the second-most-populous county in the Memphis metropolitan area. [2]

U.S. Route 51 and the I-55 freeway traverse the city from north to south, and the I-69 freeway crosses the city from east to west. Hernando's historic downtown square, which surrounds the county courthouse, is located at the intersection of Commerce Street and what is now U.S. 51.

History

At the time of encounters by French and Spanish colonists, the Chickasaw people had long inhabited this area. France had developed colonial settlements along the Gulf Coast, as well as to the north in what was called the Illinois Country. An 18th-century French colonial log house (see first photo in gallery below) in Hernando is a reminder of their settlements higher along the Mississippi area as well. The French and French Canadians had a wide trading network with various American Indian tribes along this river, for instance in Natchez.

Following the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and under pressure from the United States, the Chickasaw finally signed a treaty to cede most of their lands in this area. Most of the tribe were removed to west of the Mississippi River in Indian Territory.

This town was originally called Jefferson when it was settled by European Americans. It was renamed as Hernando in 1832, after the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. He was the first European to discover the Mississippi River. [4] Like other floodplain areas along the Mississippi, the area of the county was developed by European Americans during the antebellum years for cotton plantations, dependent on the enslaved labor of African Americans.

During the early 20th century, many blues musicians came from Hernando. African Americans had developed a strong musical tradition in areas along the Mississippi River, where many had grown up in families working as sharecroppers on cotton plantations. During the Great Migration of the first half of the 20th century, many blues musicians migrated north, taking their music to Chicago and helping create the culture of that city.

Geography

Hernando is in the center of DeSoto County, bordered to the north by the city of Southaven. Via Interstate 55 or US 51, it is 25 miles (40 km) north to the center of Memphis, Tennessee, and south 15 miles (24 km) to Senatobia. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Hernando has a total area of 25.8 square miles (66.9 km2), of which 25.7 square miles (66.6 km2) is land, and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.39%, is water. [3]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hernando has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [5]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 730
1880 583 −20.1%
1890 602 3.3%
1900 563 −6.5%
1910 600 6.6%
1920 796 32.7%
1930 938 17.8%
1940 1,072 14.3%
1950 1,206 12.5%
1960 1,898 57.4%
1970 2,499 31.7%
1980 2,969 18.8%
1990 3,125 5.3%
2000 6,812 118.0%
2010 14,090 106.8%
Est. 2016 15,631 [1] 10.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]

As of the census [7] of 2000, there were 6,812 people, 2,482 households, and 1,809 families residing in the city. The population density was 603.0 people per square mile (232.8/km²). There were 2,720 housing units at an average density of 240.8 per square mile (92.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.35% White, 21.48% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.78% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.04% of the population.

There were 2,482 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.1% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,217, and the median income for a family was $51,155. Males had a median income of $39,706 versus $25,685 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,731. About 6.5% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Hernando is served by the DeSoto County School District.

Gallery

Notable people


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