El Paso County, Texas

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El Paso County, Texas
El Paso Skyline.jpg
El Paso skyline
Seal of El Paso County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting El Paso County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1871
Seat El Paso
Largest city El Paso
Area
 • Total 1,015 sq mi (2,629 km2)
 • Land 1,013 sq mi (2,624 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (6 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015) 835,593
 • Density 791/sq mi (305/km²)
Congressional districts 16th, 23rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/ -6
Website www.epcounty.com

El Paso County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 800,647, [1] making it the sixth-most populous county in the state of Texas. Its seat is the city of El Paso, [2] the sixth-most populous city in Texas and the 19th-most populous city in the United States. The county was created in 1850 and later organized in 1871. [3]

El Paso is short for "El Paso del Norte", which is Spanish for "The Pass of the North". It is named for the pass the Rio Grande creates through the mountains on either side of the river. The county is northeast of the Mexico–United States border.

El Paso County is included in the El Paso metropolitan area. Along with Hudspeth County, it is one of only two counties in Texas in the Mountain Time Zone (all other Texas counties use Central Time). El Paso County is one of nine counties that comprise the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2), of which 1,013 square miles (2,620 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.2%) is water. [4]

Adjacent counties and municipalities

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,051
1870 3,671 −9.4%
1880 3,845 4.7%
1890 15,678 307.8%
1900 24,886 58.7%
1910 52,599 111.4%
1920 101,877 93.7%
1930 131,597 29.2%
1940 131,067 −0.4%
1950 194,968 48.8%
1960 314,070 61.1%
1970 359,291 14.4%
1980 479,899 33.6%
1990 591,610 23.3%
2000 679,622 14.9%
2010 800,647 17.8%
Est. 2016 837,918 [5] 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1850–2010 [7] 2010–2014 [1]

2015 Texas population estimate program

As of the 2015 Texas population estimate program, the population of the county was 837,353: non-Hispanic whites 97,439 (11.6%). Black Americans 21,137 (2.5%). Other non-Hispanic 20,243 (2.4%). Hispanics and Latinos (of any race) 698,534 (83.4%). [8]

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 800,647 people residing in the county. 82.1% were White, 10.5% of other races, 3.1% African American or Black, 2.5% of two or more races, 1.0% Asian, 0.8% Native American and 0.1% Pacific Islander. 82.2% were Latino (of any race).

2000 Census

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 679,622 people, 210,022 households, and 166,127 families residing in the county. The population density was 671 people per square mile (259/km²). There were 224,447 housing units at an average density of 222 per square mile (86/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.95% White, 17.91% from other races, 3.06% African American or Black, 0.82% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, and 3.19% from two or more races. 78.23% of the population were Latino of any race.

There were 210,022 households out of which 44.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were non-families. 17.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.18 and the average family size was 3.63.

In the county, the population was spread out with 32.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,051, and the median income for a family was $33,410. Males had a median income of $26,882 versus $20,722 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,421. About 20.50% of families and 23.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 25.7% 55,512 68.5% 147,843 5.8% 12,567
2012 33.1% 57,150 65.4% 112,952 1.5% 2,601
2008 33.3% 61,783 65.7% 122,021 1.0% 1,826
2004 43.2% 73,261 56.1% 95,142 0.7% 1,170
2000 39.7% 57,574 57.8% 83,848 2.5% 3,620
1996 32.1% 43,255 62.3% 83,964 5.6% 7,491
1992 34.9% 47,224 50.1% 67,715 15.0% 20,224
1988 46.8% 55,573 52.7% 62,622 0.5% 586
1984 55.8% 66,114 43.8% 51,917 0.3% 399
1980 53.5% 53,276 40.3% 40,082 6.2% 6,168
1976 47.7% 42,697 50.8% 45,477 1.4% 1,291
1972 60.2% 49,981 39.0% 32,435 0.8% 674
1968 44.6% 30,347 47.9% 32,658 7.5% 5,111
1964 37.0% 20,687 62.7% 35,050 0.3% 190
1960 45.2% 21,551 54.6% 26,027 0.2% 99
1956 54.7% 18,532 44.7% 15,157 0.6% 193
1952 57.7% 20,005 42.1% 14,595 0.1% 47
1948 25.9% 5,544 71.5% 15,341 2.6% 563
1944 13.2% 2,072 72.7% 11,426 14.1% 2,220
1940 23.3% 3,764 76.6% 12,374 0.2% 27
1936 12.8% 1,773 86.3% 11,920 0.8% 116
1932 19.7% 2,841 78.8% 11,336 1.5% 215
1928 49.7% 6,050 50.3% 6,114
1920 49.1% 4,070 50.0% 4,143 0.9% 73
1916 32.1% 1,770 65.3% 3,603 2.6% 145
1912 7.2% 291 72.2% 2,914 20.6% 832

Most of El Paso County is included in the 16th Congressional District in the U.S House, represented by Democrat Beto O'Rourke. A small eastern portion of the county is in the 23rd Congressional District, represented since 2015 by Republican Will Hurd. El Paso County is historically Democratic and the 2008 presidential election was no exception. Democrat Barack Obama won 66% of the vote with 121,589 votes even though he lost the entire state of Texas by about 946,000 votes. Republican John McCain won 33% of the vote in El Paso County with 61,598 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote. In 2004, Democrat John F. Kerry won El Paso County but by a smaller margin than Barack Obama. John Kerry won 56% of the vote and 95,142 votes. Republican George W. Bush won 43% of the vote with 73,261 votes. Other candidates won 1% of the vote.[ citation needed]

The El Paso County Sheriff's Office is headquartered in an unincorporated area in El Paso County. [11] At one point it was headquartered within the City of El Paso. [12] The Leo Samaniego Law Enforcement Complex is adjacent to the sheriff's office headquarters. [13]

Like all Texas counties, El Paso County is governed by a Commissioners Court, which consists of a County Judge, who is elected county-wide, and four County Commissioners, who represent individual precincts. [14] While the County Judge possesses some traditional powers of a judge, the County Judge functions primarily as the chief executive of the county. The County Judge presides over Commissioners Court meetings, casts one vote on Commissioners Court (as do County Commissioners), and lacks veto authority.

The El Paso County Judge is Ruben Vogt, and the county commissioners are Carlos Leon (Precinct 1), David Stout (Precinct 2), Vince Perez (Precinct 3), [15] and Andrew Haggerty (Precinct 4). Haggerty is a Republican, the other commissioners and the county judge are Democrats.

Vogt was appointed County Judge in October 2017 by the County Commissioners, following County Judge Veronica Escobar's resignation to run for Congress. He was previously Escobar's chief of staff. He will serve the remainder of her term, through the end of 2018. [16] Leon and Perez were first elected to their positions in 2012, were re-elected in 2016, [17] and have been in office since 2013. Haggerty and Stout were first elected to their positions in 2014, and have been in office since 2015. [18]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Village

Census-designated places

Military Base

Unincorporated communities


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