Cumberland County, New Jersey

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Cumberland County, New Jersey
Downtown Bridgeton NJ.JPG
Downtown Bridgeton
Seal of Cumberland County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded 1748
Named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
Seat Bridgeton [1]
Largest city Vineland (population)
Maurice River Township (area)
Area
 • Total 677.62 sq mi (1,755 km2)
 • Land 483.70 sq mi (1,253 km2)
 • Water 193.92 sq mi (502 km2), 28.62%
Population
 • ( 2010) 156,898 [2]
153,797 (2016 est.; 16th in state) [3]
 • Density 322/sq mi (124.4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.co.cumberland.nj.us

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 153,797, making it the state's 16th-largest county, [3] [4] [5] representing a 2.0% decrease from the 156,898 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, [2] in turn increasing by 10,460 (+7.1%) from the 146,438 counted in the 2000 Census, [6] retaining its position as the state's 16th-most populous county. [7] [8] Its county seat is Bridgeton. [1] Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. [9] [10] The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748. [11]

This county is part of the Vineland- Millville- Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area [12] as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area. [13]

Geography

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 677.62 square miles (1,755.0 km2), including 483.70 square miles (1,252.8 km2) of land (71.4%) and 193.92 square miles (502.3 km2) of water (28.6%). [14]

Cumberland is a low-lying, generally featureless coastal county, with many salt marshes near the Delaware Bay. The highest elevation is at one of 12 areas in Upper Deerfield Township that stand approximately 140 feet (43 m) above sea level; [15] the lowest elevation is sea level.

Adjacent counties

1across Delaware Bay; no land border

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,248
1800 9,529 15.5%
1810 12,670 33.0%
1820 12,668 0.0%
1830 14,093 11.2%
1840 14,374 2.0%
1850 17,189 19.6%
1860 22,605 31.5%
1870 34,665 53.4%
1880 37,687 8.7%
1890 45,438 20.6%
1900 51,193 12.7%
1910 55,153 7.7%
1920 61,348 11.2%
1930 69,895 13.9%
1940 73,184 4.7%
1950 88,597 21.1%
1960 106,850 20.6%
1970 121,374 13.6%
1980 132,866 9.5%
1990 138,053 3.9%
2000 146,438 6.1%
2010 156,898 7.1%
Est. 2016 153,797 [3] −2.0%
Historical sources: 1790-1990 [16]
1970-2010 [8] 2000 [6] 2010 [2]

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 156,898 people, 51,931 households, and 36,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 324.4 per square mile (125.3/km2). There were 55,834 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.74% (98,430) White, 20.23% (31,741) Black or African American, 1.11% (1,746) Native American, 1.22% (1,907) Asian, 0.04% (59) Pacific Islander, 11.15% (17,492) from other races, and 3.52% (5,523) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.06% (42,457) of the population. [2]

There were 51,931 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26. [2]

In the county, the population was spread out with 24% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 106.9 males. [2]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census [17] there were 146,438 people, 49,143 households, and 35,186 families residing in the county. The population density was 299 people per square mile (116/km²). There were 52,863 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.88% White, 20.20% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.08% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 19.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. [6] [18] Among those residents listing their ancestry, 15.6% of residents were of Italian, 12.1% German, 10.7% Irish and 8.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. [18] [19]

There were 49,143 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.19. [6]

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.50 males. [6]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,150, and the median income for a family was $45,403. Males had a median income of $35,387 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 11.3% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over. [18] [20]

Government

County

The Cumberland County Courthouse in Bridgeton

Cumberland County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Each Freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the County's departments. These individuals are elected at large by the citizens of Cumberland County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. [21]

As of 2015, members of the Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders (with party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are: [22] [23] [24] [25]

Then-Freeholder Director Bill Whelan, whose term was to run to December 2014, announced in July 2013 that he was resigning from office. [33] Later that month, Joe Derella was chosen to replace Whelan as director, while the vacant seat was filled by Vineland resident Carlos Mercado. [34]

Freeholder Louis N. Magazzu, whose term was to expire in 2012, announced his resignation in August 2011. [35]

Constitutional offers are Clerk Celeste Riley (R, Bridgeton, 2019), [36] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (D, Vineland, 2017) [37] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2018). [38] [39]

Cumberland County is a part of Vicinage 15 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Gloucester County and Salem County), seated in Woodbury in Gloucester County; the Assignment Judge for the vicinage is Benjamin C. Telsey. The Cumberland County Courthouse is in Bridgeton. [40] [41]

Federal and state representation

The 2nd Congressional District includes all of Cumberland County. [42] [43] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo ( R, Ventnor City). [44]

The county is part of the 1st and 3rd Districts in the New Jersey Legislature. [45] For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew ( D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland). [46] For the 2016–2017 session ( Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney ( D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township). [47]

The New Jersey Department of Corrections operates three correctional facilities in the county. They are Bayside State Prison, South Woods State Prison, and Southern State Correctional Facility. In 2007, while the state was preparing to close Riverfront State Prison in Camden, it considered establishing a fourth state prison in Cumberland County. [48]

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [49]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 45.0% 24,453 51.1% 27,771 3.9% 2,107
2012 37.3% 20,658 61.5% 34,055 1.2% 656
2008 38.4% 22,360 60.0% 34,919 1.6% 915
2004 45.8% 24,362 52.4% 27,875 1.8% 948
2000 38.8% 18,882 57.9% 28,188 3.3% 1,614
1996 31.7% 14,744 54.7% 25,444 13.6% 6,345
1992 36.9% 19,253 42.6% 22,220 20.4% 10,643
1988 53.8% 26,024 45.2% 21,869 0.9% 456
1984 57.5% 29,398 41.3% 21,141 1.2% 616
1980 50.1% 23,242 41.7% 19,356 8.2% 3,805
1976 40.8% 20,535 58.0% 29,165 1.2% 587
1972 58.2% 26,409 41.2% 18,692 0.6% 291
1968 40.4% 18,388 47.6% 21,661 12.0% 5,439
1964 27.3% 12,611 72.7% 33,593 0.0% 11
1960 47.8% 21,283 52.1% 23,199 0.1% 30
1956 58.1% 24,067 41.8% 17,309 0.2% 68
1952 53.4% 21,819 46.3% 18,929 0.3% 111
1948 51.2% 16,556 47.0% 15,195 1.7% 562
1944 47.9% 14,477 51.9% 15,674 0.2% 67
1940 45.8% 16,322 54.0% 19,251 0.3% 107
1936 41.1% 14,500 58.1% 20,492 0.9% 300
1932 55.6% 16,668 41.3% 12,371 3.1% 932
1928 77.9% 23,921 21.8% 6,694 0.3% 84
1924 71.1% 15,691 21.6% 4,780 7.3% 1,613
1920 68.4% 11,913 25.8% 4,487 5.9% 1,027
1916 52.1% 5,692 41.9% 4,573 6.0% 652
1912 18.2% 1,895 37.0% 3,858 44.8% 4,671
1908 56.6% 6,770 37.8% 4,521 5.7% 679
1904 64.3% 7,402 28.8% 3,317 6.9% 796
1900 58.7% 6,780 34.9% 4,036 6.4% 744

Cumberland County tends to lean towards the Democratic party. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 6.6% margin over George W. Bush. [50]

Municipalities

Index map of Cumberland County Municipalities (click to see index key)

Municipalities in Cumberland County (with most 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are: [51]

Municipality
(with map key)
Municipal
type
Population Housing
Units
Total
Area
Water
Area
Land
Area
Pop.
Density
Housing
Density
Communities
Bridgeton (3) city 25,349 6,782 6.43 0.25 6.18 4,102.5 1,097.6
Commercial Township (13) township 5,178 2,115 34.44 2.31 32.13 161.2 65.8 Laurel Lake (2,989)
Port Norris (1,377)
Deerfield Township (9) township 3,119 1,143 16.80 0.03 16.76 186.1 68.2 Rosenhayn (1,098)
Downe Township (12) township 1,585 996 54.27 5.66 48.61 32.6 20.5
Fairfield Township (10) township 6,295 2,058 43.95 2.69 41.26 152.6 49.9 Fairton (1,064)
Greenwich Township (6) township 804 369 18.83 1.00 17.84 45.1 20.7 Springtown
Hopewell Township (7) township 4,571 1,741 30.83 0.95 29.87 153.0 58.3
Lawrence Township (11) township 3,290 1,221 38.33 1.41 36.92 89.1 33.1 Cedarville (776)
Maurice River Township (14) township 7,976 1,506 95.76 2.65 93.11 85.7 16.2
Millville (2) city 28,400 11,435 44.49 2.49 42.00 676.2 272.3
Shiloh (4) borough 516 214 1.21 0.00 1.21 427.3 177.2
Stow Creek Township (5) township 1,431 568 18.85 0.55 18.30 78.2 31.0 Garrison Corner
Jericho
Kernan Corner
Roadstown
Upper Deerfield Township (8) township 7,660 3,025 31.27 0.18 31.10 246.3 97.3 Seabrook Farms (1,484)
Vineland (1) city 60,724 22,661 69.03 0.61 68.42 887.5 331.2
Cumberland County county 156,898 55,834 677.62 193.92 483.70 324.4 115.4

Transportation

Airports

The following public-use airports are located in Cumberland County:

Roads and highways

As of 2010, the county had a total of 1,271.74 miles (2,046.67 km) of roadways, of which 643.65 miles (1,035.85 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 539.14 miles (867.66 km) by Cumberland County and 88.95 miles (143.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. [52]

Cumberland is served only by state and county routes. Major county routes that pass through include CR 540, CR 548 (only in Maurice River), CR 550, CR 552, CR 553 and CR 555.

State routes include Route 47, Route 49, Route 55, Route 56, Route 77 and Route 347.

Route 55 is the only limited access road in the county which provides access to Interstate 76, Interstate 295, and the Philadelphia area to the north.

Climate and weather

Bridgeton, New Jersey
Climate chart ( explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.6
 
 
41
25
 
 
2.9
 
 
44
28
 
 
4.3
 
 
52
34
 
 
4
 
 
63
43
 
 
3.8
 
 
73
53
 
 
4.2
 
 
82
63
 
 
4.1
 
 
87
68
 
 
4.1
 
 
85
66
 
 
4.3
 
 
78
59
 
 
3.6
 
 
67
47
 
 
3.3
 
 
56
39
 
 
4
 
 
45
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [53]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bridgeton have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in February to 4.30 inches (109 mm) in March. [53]

Wineries


CUMBERLAND COUNTY NEW JERSEY INFORMATION

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